HOMEBREW Digest #4346 Thu 11 September 2003

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  Better Bottle ("Kenneth Peters")
  Re: Color in no-sparge / batch sparge recipes (Christopher Swingley)
  I don't like SPAM...changes are working (Marc Sedam)
  Fullers Vintage Ale ("Greg R")
  Beer for Beer Tasting Party! ("Don Scholl")
  Tamarindo (Darrell.Leavitt)
  Spent Grain Bread ("Harlan Nilsen")
  beer and kids (Alan McKay)
  disposing of spent grain in the city (Alan McKay)
  re-using yeast (darrell.leavitt)
  er: Color in no-sparge / batch sparge recipes ("-S")
  Food grade silicone ("Parker Dutro")
  Sparging ("Parker Dutro")
  Re: Water coolers ("Mike Sharp")
  Building Tap Handles (Bob Pelletier)
  KROC World Brewers Forum (KROC World Brewers Forum)
  er: uisge beatha ("-S")

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---------------------------------------------------------------------- Date: Wed, 10 Sep 2003 11:19:30 -0500 From: "Kenneth Peters" <kpeters6 at cox.net> Subject: Better Bottle These sound very tempting, anyone using them or have any thought? Sounds like the manufacturer has overcome the traditional problems associated with plastic bottles - or have they? Of course their web site (http://www.better-bottle.com/faq.html) presents their products in the best possible light, I can understand that. But have they really solved the taste and permeability problems? What say the experts? Thanks, Ken Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 10 Sep 2003 07:18:42 -0800 From: Christopher Swingley <cswingle at iarc.uaf.edu> Subject: Re: Color in no-sparge / batch sparge recipes Greetings, I think there's a little confusion in the terms I used in my posting about color and no-sparge / batch sparging. I understand these two sparging methods are different from one another, but I'm not sure if they're what Michael says -- at least not how I've practiced them. * Michael Owings <mikey at swampgas.com> [2003-Sep-09 15:21 AKDT]: > Batch sparge involves either: > > a) Taking the first runnings, and then subsequently adding a single > large charge of water to finish the sparge. > > b) Simply adding a single large charge of sparge water water. I believe that what I've read suggests that batch sparging is a) and no-sparging is b). When the size of my lauter tun permits, I do a no-sparge mash, which means I mix grain and hot water at the proper ratio and temperature for a normal mash (0.9 - 1.3 quarts / pound). After the mash has completed, I add a single dose of enough "sparge" water to the tun such that when it is drained, I'll wind up with my boil volume. I estimate this as boil volume (quarts) + [0.52 * grain (pounds)] I guess I'm technically "sparging", so I'm not sure where the no-sparge terminology came from. Batch sparging is the same process but you add the bulk sparge water in two additions, the first is (boil volume / 2 + [0.52 * grain[) and the second is (boil volume / 2). Maybe these should be termed, one-dose and two-dose sparging? Or monosparge, duosparge? > Option a) should not affect your efficiency at all. Option b) will > probably only affect it minutely assuming you take the same amount of > runnings you would have taken fly sparging. I don't think this is correct. With fly sparging, you are continuously "washing" the grains of their sugars (and colors?) with fresh water. The gravity of the runnings starts very high, and decreases as the sugars are removed. No-sparge and batch sparges are less efficient because the sparge water comes to equilibrium with the sugars in the grain and then you drain off the mixture (I'm a computer scientist / ecologist, so this may not be a very scientific description. . .). You won't get all of the sugars this way because you're not continuously adding fresh water that has the capacity to absorb and carry additional sugars not removed earlier in the sparging. My efficiency with fly sparging is about 75%, and my efficiencies with no-sparge and batch sparge recipes have ranged from 57 - 62% (n=4). - ---------------- On the subject of my question: * Fred Johnson <FLJohnson at portbridge.com> [2003-Sep-09 03:46 AKDT]: > In my humble opinion, the argument that the color of a beer is not > affected by the difference in efficiency of extraction between sparge > systems is nonsense. The color components from the grains and the > sugars formed in the mash are dissolved in the wort and are thoroughly > dispersed throughout the entire volume of the wort if either (1) the > colorful grains are mixed in reasonably well with the other grains in > the grist or (2) there was some stirring or recirculation of the wort > before running it off. Of course, this should always be the case. The > "efficiency of extraction" at that point is now a function of > separating that colorful, sugary liquid away from the particulate > matter in the grist. This is what I would have suspected too. I would also guess that the color components from the grain may be "more extractable" than the sugars using various sparging methods, but I would agree with Fred that it does seem like the efficiency of your mashing / sparging procedures should affect color in similar proportions as sugar. So if the efficiency of extracting sugars is 75%, perhaps the "color efficiency" is 85% or something slightly higher. But the reason I bring it up, is that the references I've read (which isn't all that many, admittedly) for predicting color don't include efficiency in their equations. The Zymurgy article (26(5): 20-25) includes "Efficiency of mashing" in the "Stuff You Can't Predict" section at the end of the article. "Efficiency of mashing" certainly *is* something you can predict, at least when it comes to the sugars, because we can measure this. So why not use the extraction efficiency that we can calculate as a factor for predicting color? I guess I'm really suggesting that someone include extraction efficiency in their model the next time they're experimenting with predicting the color of a brew. I believe that it's an important variable, based on my own brewing. Unfortunately, it's pretty hard for a home brewer to objectively evaluate color results without equipment that most of us don't own (spectrophotometer / Lovibond comparison standards / etc.). Thanks for the comments! Chris - -- Christopher S. Swingley email: cswingle at iarc.uaf.edu IARC -- Frontier Program Please use encryption. GPG key at: University of Alaska Fairbanks www.frontier.iarc.uaf.edu/~cswingle/ Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 10 Sep 2003 09:55:33 -0400 From: Marc Sedam <marc_sedam at unc.edu> Subject: I don't like SPAM...changes are working As a data point...in the few days that Pat made the change to "mask" the HBD email addresses my junk email content has dropped by at least 50%. I always wondered how I got so much junk in my inbox...now I know. Thanks for making the change. It's already made a real difference. - -- Marc Sedam Chapel Hill, NC Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 10 Sep 2003 08:16:29 -0500 From: "Greg R" <gmrbrewer at hotmail.com> Subject: Fullers Vintage Ale Hi all, My brother-in-law gave me a boxed bottle of Fullers Vintage Ale (1999). The label says the bottle can be stored for years. Is it a barley wine? Old ale? I'm wondering if, at four years of age, it might already be past its prime, and if I should drink it now. Or is this worth saving for a while longer? Cheers, Greg in Chicago Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 10 Sep 2003 07:38:04 -0400 From: "Don Scholl" <dws at engineeringdimensions.com> Subject: Beer for Beer Tasting Party! Good morning! My wife and I are throwing a beer tasting party for our friends at the end of February 2004. I will brew all beers being served. What I need from everyone are ideas of 4-5 types of beer to serve and what food and/or dessert to serve with them. Don Scholl Twin Lake, Michigan (140.9, 302.4)Rennerian Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 10 Sep 2003 07:32:19 -0400 From: Darrell.Leavitt at esc.edu Subject: Tamarindo <raj_apte at yahoo.com> asks about Tamarind in beer. I have not made beer with it, but I have made mead with a large can of Tamarindo Juice, and honey with champagne yeast... It was a real hit.... ..Darrell Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 9 Sep 2003 10:48:43 -0500 From: "Harlan Nilsen" <ramnrah at nebi.com> Subject: Spent Grain Bread I had so many requests privately that I decided I would put this recipe on the HBD. It is for a 1.5 lb. loaf made in a bread machine but I have known some to use this recipe and make it in the usual manual way. I do not know what happens to the husks but they seem to virtually disappear. The fiber would be in the loaf someplace. If you use more dark roasted grains the bread will turn out somewhat darker and have a somewhat heavier flavor. We like it best made from grains from a pale ale or some of the lighter colored beers. We serve it many times at club happenings such as gang brews, Big Brew and the like. It takes a lot of loaves as the beer hogs are also bread hogs. SPENT GRAIN BREAD 1.5 LB. LOAF 3/4 Cup 80 degree water .5 Tbsp. Honey 1 Tbsp. Vegetable Oil .5 Cup Wet Spent Grain (Wet is how they come out of the mash) .5 Cup Bread Machine Flour or Bread flour 1 Tsp. Salt 2 Tsp. Active Dry Yeast (I use a little bit more so the loaf rises higher and lighter) 1 Tbsp. Wheat Gluten (optional but suggested) If using a bread machine, add the ingredients in the order listed. I have known some that have increased this recipe to make more loaves using the non-machine method. Use the same settings on your bread machine that you use to bake white bread. If you have dried your spent grain modify the recipe as follows: 1/3 Cup Dry Spent Grains 1 Cup Warm Water The rest of the recipe is the same. Hint: When I brew I measure out the grain and put .5 Cup in small baggies, seal and keep in the freezer until ready to use. Harlan Nilsen 32nd Street Brewery Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 10 Sep 2003 07:24:27 -0400 From: Alan McKay <amckay at neap.net> Subject: beer and kids I missed this thread first time around a few weeks (months?) ago. A buddy told me that here in Ontario, Canada, it is perfectly legal to give your kids alcohol in your own home. Although the legal drinking age is 19. I'm not sure if my buddy is right but his wife is a lawyer so I tend to believe him. I plan to bring my kids up responsibly drinking alcohol. Better for me to teach them how to deal with it responsibly, than to have the kids at school teach them how to deal with it irresponsibly, as I myself learned at a very young age. - -- http://www.bodensatz.com/ TCP/IP: telecommunication protocol for imbibing pilsners (Man-page of Unix-to-Unix beer protocol on Debian/GNU Linux) Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 10 Sep 2003 07:16:31 -0400 From: Alan McKay <amckay at neap.net> Subject: disposing of spent grain in the city I live in the city and have a small yard so I compost. A buddy of mine in an apartment used to flush it all. You have to do it a few cups at a time but it works and is not harmful to your sewer system. YMMV. - -- http://www.bodensatz.com/ TCP/IP: telecommunication protocol for imbibing pilsners (Man-page of Unix-to-Unix beer protocol on Debian/GNU Linux) Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 10 Sep 2003 06:44:38 -0400 From: darrell.leavitt at plattsburgh.edu Subject: re-using yeast I have been re-using my yeast for the last several years,...not washing, but just re-using the yeast cake by pitching a new batch on the older after transferring it into secondary. Generally I think that I have gotten good redults, ie healty starts, higher gravity (if wanted) with subsequent batches, etc. However, this last time that I did so I only waited 6 days (with a Trappist yeast). The yeast was still working, although not real vigorously. Consequently the lag time was about 1-2 hours at the most! I like the short lag time, but wonder what others think about the optimal time to transfer when re-using. And, I suppose that this differs depending upon the yeast used? ..Darrell Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 10 Sep 2003 01:57:45 -0400 From: "-S" <-s at adelphia.net> Subject: er: Color in no-sparge / batch sparge recipes Christopher Swingley says, >It is my impression from what I've read on the subject >(including the article in the recent Zymurgy) that color isn't affected >by efficiency I can't imagine exactly how to interpret that statement numerically. I *suspect* that statement above means that if you sparge and collect N gallons of wort from X lbs of a particular grist that your color won't vary widely despite efficiency differences. That is true since most of the color is concentrated in the first runnings and the latter runnings are diluting the coloration with varying shades of far paler lautered runoff. A few years ago I made a pair of O'fest beers - one from a no-sparge and another from the first batch sparge. I then diluted the no-sparge SG as the 1st batch sparge wort. The no-sparge first runnings were darker than the 1st batch sparge even after dilution to the same SG. The difference wasn't subtle. My conclusion is that the colored matter (at least from Munich malt) appears disproportionately in the first runnings, and less so in the lautered wort. The proportion of 'color' in the early runnings is even greater than the relative proportion of extract in these early runnings ! There is some decent evidence that the malt flavor is also more concentrated in the first running than is extract. >Meaning, for example, that if your efficiency with fly sparging is 75% >and it's 60% with batch sparging, you can't simply increase each grain >by 25% because you'll wind up with too much color from the darker >grains. Your point is valid ... if you use 'no-sparge' you might net half of your normal extract efficiency(37% vs 75%), but I'm certain you'd get more than half of the color extraction (but not 100%). You could replace some of the recipe malts with pale malt to decrease the color ... but then what is happening to the flavor profile ? If we assume that color and flavor are comparably concentrated in the first runnings then you are stuck with the proposition at any attempt to concentra te the flavor per unit extract by 'undersparging' or no-sparging will unavoidably result in a darker beer. ! [[There is an interesting open question about which is most concentrated in the first runnings - flavor or color. There are some reasons to *SUSPECT* that not all flavors follow the same extraction pattern. Some of the malty-toasty flavors are concentrated at the surface of the malt, while roast flavors and crystal flavors may be more distributed within the grain and *perhaps* extract slower and more evenly ... like fermentable extract.]] The point is that a change to the brewing process, like undersparging, seldom impacts only one beer parameter. It would be nice if we have independent control of color, flavor, extract concentration etc ... but we don't. You change one and the others inevitably change. You'll need to experiment with the batch or undersparging methods and see if you can produce desirable results within the interdependent constraints. As long as I'm on an opinion rant ... Also let's not be slaves to fashion. If you make your best tasting pseudo-pils with no-sparge but the color is several notches darker than the bohemian ideal - then scr*w the style guidelines. If a beer tastes great and looks great yet doesn't meet some abstract guideline ... where is the fault ? Style classifications are a useful means of separating beers into groups of comparables, but a style is not intended to be an end in itself. -S Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 9 Sep 2003 18:25:05 -0700 From: "Parker Dutro" <pacman at edwardwadsworth.com> Subject: Food grade silicone Jules asks about food grade silicone: Because the silicone will be in contact with an acidic mash in the 150f temperature range, it is important to know the parameters of the product. I would imagine that an aquarium sealant safe for the delicate environment of fish would be safe for us, if it were just being used with tepid water. Hot, sweet wort is a different story. DAP makes a FDA approved food safe silicone sealant tolerant of up to 450 degrees (when cured and washed) and I have used it with moderate success. The problem I encountered was that some bits and chunks of the sealant broke off and ended up in my boil kettle! Now, because its food safe and can withstand boiling temps I "knew" the beer would be ok, but I would rather not have particles of chemical sealant floating around in my pre-beer. There are a few sites that demonstrate how to build a watertight bulkhead fitting that would be better for the tun, or you could do what I did for my first six all grain batches. Get a rubber stopper at your local homebrew shop to fit the hole in your tun (I had to drill a bigger hole to allow for a stopper big enough to handle my manifold tubing) Then make sure the hole in the rubber stopper is big enough for the manifold outlet tube. I would always use warm water to wet the stopper and copper tubing, in essence lubricating it and allowing for a nice, snug fit. Worked perfectly until I decide to convert some kettles. Parker Dutro Portland, OR "To every man, in his acquaintance with a new art, there comes a moment when that which before was meaningless first lifts, as it were, one corner of the curtain that hides its mystery, and reveals, in a burst of delight which later and fuller understanding can hardly ever equal, one glimpse of the indefinite possibilities within." C. S. Lewis Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 9 Sep 2003 18:25:05 -0700 From: "Parker Dutro" <pacman at edwardwadsworth.com> Subject: Sparging Eric asks about sparging: Eric, Hey man, when I first started all grain brewing I was as bewildered as I had ever been. An invaluable resource for me was John Palmers online book, HOW TO BREW. I don't have the link saved anymore and am too lazy to find it for you, but it will be really simple to find. Do a google with "how to brew John Palmer" you will probably end up with 47 links. If you can get to his book, scroll down or right to find HOME and start from there. John is a nice guy with a super user friendly online book that allowed me to move forward leaps and bounds in my brewing craft. He is also a member of this digest, and you may see a post or two from him on occasion. In an attempt to answer your question, sparing is the process of rinsing the grain of as mush sweet, sugary stuff as possible without "over rinsing". While a dude could accomplish this in many ways, with your setup, the easiest way, I believe, would be to drain your wort out, add a measured amount of heated water (160-170) stir, let settle, and drain again. Both drain times you should collect in the kettle you will be boiling in, and a typical goal for pre-boil volume is 6.5 gallons. This process is referred to as batch sparging, which you can read about in John's book. The are other methods, continuous or fly sparging, no sparge mashing... you should check out How to Brew. Good luck. This is where the real fun starts! Parker Dutro P-town "To every man, in his acquaintance with a new art, there comes a moment when that which before was meaningless first lifts, as it were, one corner of the curtain that hides its mystery, and reveals, in a burst of delight which later and fuller understanding can hardly ever equal, one glimpse of the indefinite possibilities within." C. S. Lewis Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 10 Sep 2003 10:05:50 -0700 From: "Mike Sharp" <rdcpro at hotmail.com> Subject: Re: Water coolers Chet Nunan says he has a water cooler "Think it could be converted to a wort chiller?" Maybe, but what I'd do is make it into a glycol chiller. Then you can use it to keep your fermenters very closely contolled, especially if your circ loop has a heater in it. If it's too warm, it chills, if it's too cold, the solenoids switch and heated water warms it. I have a small glycol chiller (used by bars for keeping long runs of beer lines chilled). Very handy. The heat removed from 5 or 10 gallons of wort is way more than your little chiller will be able to handle, but you can store up some of that cold by chilling an insulated water cooler (the round kind) filled with a water/propylene glycol mix. You then circulate the glycol around as needed. Regards, Mike Sharp Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 10 Sep 2003 16:39:50 -0400 From: Bob Pelletier <rp at ihrsa.org> Subject: Building Tap Handles Anybody have any good instructions? Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 10 Sep 2003 18:48:00 -0600 From: KROC World Brewers Forum <WBF at kroc.org> Subject: KROC World Brewers Forum The Keg Ran Out Club will be "Taking the Beer World by Storm" at the "9th Annual KROC World Brewers Forum." The Keg Ran Out Club in association with the American Homebrewers Association, the BIRKO Corporation, White Labs, Beer at Home, Pete's Wicked Ale, Spoetzl Brewery, BridgePort Ales, the Boulder Beer Store, and The Great American Beer Festival, are planning for our biggest event ever. Michael Jackson Internationally renowned beer author, traveler, and leading expert on all things beer. Ken Schramm Author of the "The Compleat Meadmaker: Home Production of Honey Wine from Your First Batch to Award-Winning Fruit and Herb Variations." James McCrorie Beer writer, historian, and member of the Durden Park Beer Circle. Food, homebrew, and commercial beer will be served. Door prizes will be given away and our biggest raffle ever with a portion of the proceeds given to the American Red Cross. You DO NOT want to miss this event! What: KROC World Brewers Forum When: Thursday, September 25th, 8pm-midnight Where: Embassy Suites, 1881 Curtis Street, 303-297-8888 Info: http://KROC.org Cost: Free RSVP: WBF at kroc.org or 720-984-4390 Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 10 Sep 2003 21:07:49 -0400 From: "-S" <-s at adelphia.net> Subject: er: uisge beatha Robert Marshall notes, >First off, my use of Woski was a phonetic spelling, >and nothing was intended to suggest Polish, if that's >what you really think I was doing. Don't be thick as well as obstinant Robert. No one thinks it's Polish. My point remains that it is NOT a credible phonetic spelling. It is NOT pronounced anything like "Woski". >My reference was that of Rick Steve's >"Travels in Europe," Then you and Mr.Steves both need a better reference. The suggested pronunciations vary but none includes a leading "W' sound, nor anything that I might imagine sounds like "wos". Of course there are no "WOS" words in English so your pronunciation guide is entirely fictitious. A very nice mp3 pronunciation of several variant Gaelic language terms for 'water of life' appears at http://www.adf.org/rituals/celtic/language/ A BBC site suggests > Uisge Beatha [...] . Pronounced ishker-vahr. Here is a cite with a .wav file. http://www.bartleby.com/61/80/U0158000.html SMWS.com suggests .... Ooshgy-bay]. elsewhere in the web we see ... >oosh ga bay'ha >oosa+e bea+e >use-kay-bah >OOS-ke BEY-ha ========= >here is a >private response I received: ... >> the Uisce (pronounced something like "ooisc"). "uisce" is the Irish Gaelic variant spelling while ("uisge" the Scottish). The unknown writer provides a reasonable initial pronunciation , but the final vowel sound is missing in this interpretation yet present in all others. The term whisky was reputedly introduced into English in the 18th century via Ireland, and tho' there are numerous terms along that transition, there is no "woski" even on the English side of the track. -S Return to table of contents
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