HOMEBREW Digest #775 Thu 05 December 1991

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		Rob Gardner, Digest Coordinator

  STUFF (Jack Schmidling)
  All Grain Questions (C.R. Saikley)
  Brewing Techniques (martin wilde)
  Re: HBD 773 Silver Solder ("Benjamin F. Hantz")
  Re: How yeast affects flavor (korz)
  Re Club Coors Party Line (korz)
  decoction mashing (korz)
  Cranberry Lambic, Bottles (AEW)
  cask source (Dieter Muller)
  re: Cranberry Stuff (Dick Dunn)
  Re: Electric bins for mashing (Desmond Mottram)
  Re: Homebrew Digest #774 (December 04, 1991) (Mike Sharp)
  Wine/beer snobbery? (Robin Garr)
  Re: re: rE...Re-using yeast (Paul Yatrou)
  SS Bud Kegs (again) ("Andy Wilcox")
  boil overs (Brian Bliss)
  Boil-over, mesh, and antinomy (BAUGHMANKR)
  Re: Late Boil-up
  Yeast for barley wine... (Dave Beedle)
  Re: Guinness draft in a can ( Brian Kelley )
  shopping list... (JHOLMES)
  Re: Pasteurized Pub Draught Guinness (Richard Stueven)
  Coke-a-Brew I&II (JHOLMES)
  WYeast #1084 Irish Ale yeast (ingr!b11!mspe5!guy)
  Brew Kegging Supplies (Stuart Crawford)
  Sanitizing Kegs (man)
  Re: Stolen (?) Kegs (ingr!b11!mspe5!guy)
  Priming with DME syrup (S94TAYLO)
  Lacing (Conn Copas)

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---------------------------------------------------------------------- Date: Tue, 3 Dec 91 10:38 CST From: arf at ddsw1.mcs.com (Jack Schmidling) Subject: STUFF To: Homebrew Digest Fm: Jack Schmidling From: Tom Dimock <RGG at CORNELLC.cit.cornell.edu> Subject: Silver Solder >I am reading my way through the HBD archive, and came across a post in HBD 512 stating that silver solder is 97% lead and 3% silver. That's still lead solder. It's an alloy used for soldering electronic modules. Someone else can tell you what silver solder is but it is more or less the other way around. From: joshua.grosse at amail.amdahl.com Subject: Going all-grain. >For those of you without grain mills; what do YOU use? I will use this as an excuse to post a "commercial" on the mill I made. I can make a few more, if anyone is interested, send me email. But I warn y'all, it aint cheap. I will post some info on it separatley. >A 4 gallon mash didn't all fit in the lauter-tun at the same time! I ended up taking a lot of run-off out right away in order to stop leakage from between the two buckets! Miller recommended a 5-minute rest for settling; I couldn't. >This made the sparging get a little more complicated. This also made it not-sparging and explains all the problems you ended up with. The mash must be allowed to settle or you can not establish a filter bed and will only get what you got. I do not understand Miller's idea of allowing the water to drop below the grain level unless he is talking about spray sparging. None of the grain above the water level will get sparged. Furthermore, unless you have a transparent lauter vessel, how would you control it? Sounds like you had a perfectly miserable time but three cheers for the effort. Fix those leaks. From: BAUGHMANKR at CONRAD.APPSTATE.EDU Subject: 2-row vs. 6-row >Jack posted the outline for his EASYMASH method and then asked for ways to make it easier. During his discussion of decoction mashing I realized that... >Why make life more difficult than it needs to be? Brother Ockham would be displeased. Tis a bit inconsistant with "Easy", isn't it. I guess I wanted to make good beer first and then simplify it after I had a target to shoot at. >Why couldn't a single-stage mash of two-row malt yield wort which would be characteristic of the lager style? >OK, you guys. The ball's in your court... I will rise to the "challenge", if such a drastic simplification can be considered a challenge. On my next batch, I will use a single temp infusion at 150 F in lieu of my 5 step method over a 3 hr time frame. It will be interesting to compare the results. What is the concensus on the time for the single temp infusion? ........ This is from yesterday, I forgot to post it... I hope this can be taken as reasonable discussion because it is not meant to be confrontational. After all, I did ask for comments. From: mcnally at Pa.dec.com >No mention is made of the pH of the mash. Well, for openers, it is called "Easy Mash" and dealing with pH sort of contradicts that direction. I have also avoided it because I am currently trying to make sense out of the readings I get which are inconsistant with recommendations. I do not know yet whether I am dealing with measurement problems or momilies. > Where Jack lives, the water chemistry must be appropriate to the type of brewing Jack does. Blessed with L. Michigan water, you probably have a point. Too bad I don't have access to some nice polluted, mineralized, "Sky Blue Water" :) >The single-step infusion spurned by Jack is in fact used by most British brewers and many commercial brewers of lagers in America and on the continent. It is less a matter of spurning than of needing something to do while monitoring the mash. > If, however, Jack uses very hot sparge water, he probably is better served by decoction. As a matter of fact I use boiling water and have some thoughts on that... Not based on brew tech but just physics. When boiling water is dribbled on top of one inch of water, on top of six inches of mash, it seems reasonable that, by the time the water gets to where it is extracting sugar, it is probably close to the proper temperature. It hadn't occurred to me to measure the temp at the outflow of the masher but my guess is that it is around 150 F. >Jack contradicts himself when he states first that the object of the sparge is the removal of as much sugar as possible, and then a few sentences later instructing the budding masher to stop sparging when the gravity falls to about 10. Perhaps mention mught be made of the reasons for stopping at that point, lest an over-eager masher might continue to sparge and leach unwanted tannins out of the grain. It was just a reference point for instructional purposes. The reasons are spelled out in the tech pubs. The actual number, according to Noonan is 1.008 but I suffer from a propensity to round off. js Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 3 Dec 91 12:54:57 PST From: grumpy!cr at uunet.UU.NET (C.R. Saikley) Subject: All Grain Questions >From: joshua.grosse at amail.amdahl.com >I went all-grain for the first time yesterday. Congrats, brewing from grain is extremely rewarding, and I would recommend that any experienced extract brewer give it a try. The magical process of turning grains into beer is truly gratifying. >I was unable to obtain or use a grain-mill. >For those of you without grain mills; what do YOU use? What kind of extract >rates do you get? I got a lot less than I'd hoped. It seemed I made a >mixture of flour and uncracked whole grains. For those with mills; how much >do they cost? It's unfortunate that you couldn't get access to a decent mill. A coffee grinder or Cuisinart just isn't going to give you a good crush. This can cause the problems you experienced with poor extract and cloudy runoff. It can also cause a stuck mash, which fortunately you avoided. The Corona grain mill is the old standby. It's hand cranked, but can be connected to a power drill to make life easier. The crush is far from perfect, but it can be made to work OK. A new one will set you back about $40. Many homebrew shops carry them. Try Williams Brewing in San Leandro CA. Another option is to have your supplier crack your grain. A decent homebrew shop will have a two roller mill, which should give you a much better crush than a Corona can. It usually costs no more than 4-5 cents/pound extra to get your grain cracked, and some suppliers will do it free. Cracked grain doesn't keep well, so you'll want to brew ASAP after milling. If you live in an area where you must mail order your grain, having it pre cracked is not a good idea. >I couldn't obtain PH papers. Where do you find them? I know the brand name >that Miller recommends, but my local homebrew supply and one pharmacy I >checked with didn't carry 'em. I've never had much luck with pH papers either. Especially with darker brews, the color of the wort can obscure the color of the paper, making it difficult to read. A cheap digital pH meter can be had for $40 from Edmund Scientific. This same meter can cost $80-90 in homebrew supply shops. It's got a single point calibration, so you need a standard buffer solution to calibrate it. It's accurate to 0.2 pH (the catalog doesn't specify whether this is +/- 0.1, or +/- 0.2), which is generally close enough for brewing. More accurate meters cost hundreds of $$$. >I used the old Iodine test that Miller doesn't like. As Papazian predicts, >the mash was done in less than 40 minutes. Miller likes to mash for an hour >and a half without testing. I preferred to test. Dr. Michael Lewis at UC Davis claims that with Klages malt and a hot mash (160F) the conversion will be complete in under 5 minutes. I've mashed for as little as 20 minutes and gotten good results. The Marin Brewing Co. routinely mashes for 35 minutes (because it takes that long to heat the sparge water) and FWIW they took 4 medals at this years Great American Beer Fest. Given that, Miller's recommendation of 90 minutes seems excessive. >The electric boiler never got a really good high ruckus boil. The advantages of a good rolling boil are several. This topic is thoroughly covered in many places, so I won't go into that here. Suffice to say that a strong boil is highly desirable. It seems that nearly everyone's first all grain brew is time consuming, messy, and fraught with mistakes - I know mine was. Fear not, for with a little experience, things will flow much more smoothly and your results will likely improve. Cheers, CR Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 3 Dec 91 21:04:22 GMT From: martin at daw_302.hf.intel.com (martin wilde) Subject: Brewing Techniques A good book to pick up is the one titled "Brewing Better Lager Beer". I don't remember the author right now, but it is the green book of beer brewing. Although it is slighted towards lager brewing, there are many, many, many tips which can be used in ale brewing. Some of these are (and some from other sources): - A step mash: 30 minutes at 116 degrees and then 60 minutes at 150-158 (depending on the dextrin content you desire) will reduce chill haze which is prevalent in single step infusion mashes. I have also read in the all grain addition of Zymurgy this aids in taste and body (cuts done on harsh offtones). Even 2 Row lager grain benefits from this. Yes I know the British for decades have done infusion mashes on 2 Row Klages and Pale Ale malts, but it doesn't mean its the best method... Maybe the simplest... - A 90 minute mash is required for full color development. - The sparge must be maintained at a constant temperature. - Recycle the extract from the sparge a couple of times (2-3 quarts). This helps in extracting the extract. The slower the sparge, the better the extract collection. When the SP of the extract is below 1010, quit collecting. Use brewing water if more water is necessary in the brewpot. - After collecting the extract, get it boiling as soon as possible when using the step mash or decotation mash methods. - A Rolling boil throughout. Have the lid off for at least 30 minutes. This removes some of the bad hop flavors, acids and other foul odors which results from boiling the hopped wort. - DO NOT aerate the wort while it is cooling, this leads to oxidation. - Have the yeast in the carboy prior to putting the chilled wort in. This way the yeast is off and running. This is a big plus if your are using a starter culture and pitching at full krausen. - Use starter cultures. It is a beautiful sight to behold when your wort starts blowing off after 8-12 hours and bubbles form after 4 hours. - Aerate the heck out of the wort and yeast in the carboy. I found it beneficial to take the carboy for a ride after filling. Something about those bumpy rodes that aerates it really good!!! - When brewing with extracts, instead of adding water to the carboy, add the water to the brewpot (assuming you have a large enough pot). This way the water will be boiled and sanitized during the boil. One less thing to go wrong. I hope some of these help... Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 3 Dec 1991 17:47 EDT From: "Benjamin F. Hantz" <HANTZ%MOE.ERE-NET.COM at pucc.PRINCETON.EDU> Subject: Re: HBD 773 Silver Solder In HBD 773 Tom Dimock writes: >I am reading my way through the HBD archive, and came across a post in >HBD 512 stating that silver solder is 97% lead and 3% silver. Do any >of our metalurgists (or materials scientists) out there know what the >story is on this? If silver solder can result in free lead, I'd like >to know so that I can deal with that in my construction article. A fellow brewer, Lou Curcio, checked with one of our metallurgists and submits: The term silver solder is a misnomer, it should be called silver brazing. (The difference between soldering and brazing has to do with the liquidus temperature). The filler metals in silver brazing contain about 50% silver, 30% copper, and the balance is zinc. (Some fillers contain cadmium, but they are not recommended for food processing.) There is no lead in silver brazing. The AWS (American Welding Society) classification of these fillers are BAg-4 through BAg-8. Regards, Ben Hantz Equipment Engineering Division Exxon Research and Engineering Company Florham Park, NJ 07932 Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 3 Dec 91 16:54 CST From: korz at ihlpl.att.com Subject: Re: How yeast affects flavor Desmond writes: >Re Yeast: I've been impressed by the range of yeasts mentioned on HBD. In >the UK many yeasts are available for wine-making but I've found only three >for beer-making: real-ale, cheap and lager. How much difference does the >yeast strain make to the flavour of the beer? I'd suspect a lot, but havn't >got the variety to experiment with. In my opinion, yeast makes a BIG difference. Bigger than which brand of extract you use! Different yeasts produce differing amounts of esters and other by-products, such as diacetyl, phenols, etc. My biggest increases in beer quality were: 1) switching to Wyeast (from Muntona (M&F), Doric, and Edme) and using a wort chiller (better cold break). In addition to flavors, with Wyeast, you have better control over attenuation (single strain yeasts have more reproducable attenuation characteristics) so you can make your Scotch Ale taste like McEwans, for example. I suggest you call Wyeast Labs at (503)352-7844 and ask them if they have a distributor in the UK. If not, maybe you could be it! Good luck. Al. Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 3 Dec 91 17:32 CST From: korz at ihlpl.att.com Subject: Re Club Coors Party Line I also called. I answered "Other" to the brand of beer I drink and proceeded to use the recording like this: "I don't wish to join your club. I would like to use this opportunity to let you know what kind of beer I drink. I don't like flavorless, industrial, lagers like Coors. I like beers with flavor and body like Sierra Nevada Pale Ale or imports like Samuel Smith's Old Brewery Pale Ale..." Suddenly, I was cut off. Maybe they use voice recognition and cut you off after the second time you say "Pale Ale" figuring no person could have the phonyms of "pale ale" in their name and address TWICE. ;^). Al. Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 3 Dec 91 17:58 CST From: korz at ihlpl.att.com Subject: decoction mashing I believe that I read somewhere (great reference, eh?) that decoction mashing was developed back when there were no thermometers (or at least they were scarce) so brewers relied on boiling a known percentage of their mash to control the temperature of the mash. However, I tend to believe (more weasel words) that the mash process used does affect the final flavor. Why else would Pilsner Urquel use a triple decoction mash in this day and age? All this is strictly my gut feelings based on the knowledge of the processes involved -- I've never made the same recipe using the three methods and then compared them side-by-side. Al. Return to table of contents
Date: 03 Dec 91 14:34:21 EST From: AEW at b30.prime.com Subject: Cranberry Lambic, Bottles Fellow Homebrewers, In the past few HBD's there have been several posts about Sam Adams Cranberry Lambic. Here's my 2 cents worth: From what I have heard (From the local package store and a friend who recently toured the Sam Adams brewery) there were three batches of Cranberry Lambic Brewed. One batch made its way into the 12-pack case, one into Kegs and the third into all lambic six-packs. All three batches are significantly different in taste! (I don't know if they are different in recipe.) The kegged version is much lighter tasting that the six-pack version. I have not yet bought a 12-pack, but have heard from a friend that has had all three that it is somewhere in between the two others. The six-packs were available in toe boston area about three weeks ago and sold like hot cakes! I'm glad a friend picked up a couple :-) I enjowed the brew in that packaging/batch. On another note I prefer Whitbread Ale bottles for their good balence of taste, bottle color and label removability. I consider the taste worth the price too! =============================================================================== Allan Wright Jr. | Pole-Vaulters Get a Natural High! Seabrook, NH +-------------------------------------------------- Internet: AEW at B30.PRIME.COM | These are my words only, drifting through time... =============================================================================== Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 03 Dec 91 21:49:16 EST From: IO10676 at maine.maine.edu I guess everybody has The Batch From Hell sooner or later, and it looks like this Solstice Stout is fixing to be mine. Some of you may recall that this is the one that boiled over after 45 minutes of good behavior. Well, now the fermentation has refused to start, and I'm at a loss. I'm almost ready to start _worrying_ here, folks. After I got it in the fermenter last Monday evening, I added a starter made from 2 packets of Red Star ale yeast. It was a good starter, too; the yeast were clearly off and running. This sort of thing usually gets me a visible ferment by the next morning, but not this time. So, just to help it along, I dumped in another packet of Red Star before I had to leave. That afternoon I was leaving straight from work to the airport to visit family for Thanksgiving, so I hoped it was just being a little slow. I got back home last night and found that no ferment was going on, and no evidence was extant that one had. I took a gravity reading and found it essentially unchanged from its initial reading of 1.056. I tasted the sample, also, and it definitely was unfermented. I made up one more Red Star starter then last night, dumped it in, and moved the fermenter out of its 55-60 degree closet and into my living room, hoping a little heat would kick-start it. It's still doing nothing, and despite a couple bottles of Big Dog's best Hexham Brown Ale, I'm starting to worry. Have any of you ever had a ferment that simply _would_not_start_? This is a very new thing for me, and in my experience is completely out of character for Red Star ale, usually quite a vigorous strain. I know the yeast was good, as it did fine in the starter. The fermenter was well rinsed and did not smell of chlorine. No great temperature shocks have occurred. I just don't know. As far as I can tell from the smell, it's not infected _yet_. Is there anything I can do, besides wait and hope? Please e-mail me directly with any suggestions! Thanks . . . Sterling Udell Big Dog Brewing Cooperative - Eastern Division "NEVER turn your back on a boiling wort." - Big Dog Solstice Stout Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 4 Dec 91 00:47:07 MST From: dworkin at habitrail.Solbourne.COM (Dieter Muller) Subject: cask source Here's the information on wooden casks from the Cumberland General Store: Paraffin-lined Oak: Gallons Diameter x Height Price 5 10.5'' x 17.25'' $44.20 10 12.5'' x 22'' $56.90 15 14'' x 17'' $71.00 30 18'' x 29.25'' $103.50 Charred Oak: 1 7.5'' x 8'' $59.18 2 8'' x 10.5'' $63.90 5 10.5'' x 17.25'' $91.73 Paraffin-lined Basswood: 5 10.5'' x 16.5'' $35.90 15 14'' x 23.25'' $51.80 30 18.5'' x 29.25'' $84.80 Shipping to Colorado would be somewhere between $5 and $12, depending on UPS or USPS and the weight of the barrel. Obviously, your mileage will vary. I find it kind of surprising that you can mail a 30 gallon cask.... They also have oak water kegs (paraffin-lined, hinged top), rain barrels (40 gallon, oak or basswood, paraffin-lined), and nail kegs (pine, not lined, not rated for liquid). Obviously, it was too late at night when I read this originally, since I don't even have the option of unlined. I'm considering getting one of the paraffin-lined, and one of the charred, just to see what the effects of the linings are. They have lots of interesting other wooden things like bungs, faucets, etc. Also, there's a beer & wine-making section. It's kinda like a Whole Earth catalog, but oriented mainly on pioneer-like things. Their address: Cumberland General Store, Inc. Route 3, Box 81 Crossville TN 38555 The catalog has a $3.00 price tag on it, I don't know how serious they are about enforcing the price. Dworkin Return to table of contents
Date: 4 Dec 91 01:05:17 MST (Wed) From: rcd at raven.eklektix.com (Dick Dunn) Subject: re: Cranberry Stuff Mike Sharp <msharp at cs.ulowell.edu> writes, among other things about Samuel Adams Cranberry Lambic: > o wheat malt is not used in a lambic (but I'll concede this point > since I've been known to use wheat malt too) Not true...wheat is likely to be up to perhaps 1/3 of a lambic. > o maple syrup is definately not used in a traditional lambic. True, but there may be a non-malt sugar added to the lambics with fruit... I seem to think it would be the equivalent of invert sugar but I'm about 900 miles from my reference books. Anyway, they do add some "sugar for sugar's sake". Maple is hardly traditional, but it is mostly sugar which won't contribute anything to the body. Mike goes on with one of the best examples of "damning with faint praise" I've ever seen (!)...and on the subject of Samuel Adams (the most over- marketed small brewery in the US) I'll not even attempt to gainsay him. > ...The beer tastes like a _very_ light beer (or my tap water) > with a slight hint of hops & cranberry/maple. I was rather > supprised with the lack of body/character and of the total > lack of any lactic sourness... I'd be glad to hear other comments on fruited beers. My sense agrees with Mike (and with the way the fruited lambics are made) - that these should be rather more substantial than average. --- Dick Dunn rcd at raven.eklektix.com -or- raven!rcd Boulder, Colorado ...Simpler is better. Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 4 Dec 91 10:10:13 GMT From: des at swindon.swindon.ingr.com (Desmond Mottram) Subject: Re: Electric bins for mashing > From: Dean Cookson <cookson at mbunix.mitre.org> > Subject: Electric mashing bins > > Ok, I've been convinced. It's time I try making an all grain beer. > > But, now I have to decide what to mash in. I've been thinking of > buying a 40qt round plastic cooler, and doing a simple infusion > mash (I'm mainly a British ale brewer/drinker), but all this talk about > electric mashing bins has be curious. How much do these things > run in general, how easy are they to use, and can you boil as well > as mash in all of them?? Also, are there any 110 VAC units worth it? > I have a gas stove and a gas dryer, so there are no 220 VAC outlets > in the house. :-( I've been using an electric bin for mash and boil for nearly a year now. It is easy to use and I'm pretty pleased with it. But it does have disadvantages that make me feel I shall move on sometime. I did mention some a couple of digests ago, but to re-cap briefly, worst disadvantage first: - Mine is slow to boil (3 hours for 5 galls) and goes off the boil every 20 secs when the simmerstat cuts out. - You can't use it to heat sparge water whilst it's tied up mashing. - You can't begin the boil as you sparge, as you have to clean the bin out first. - It heats from the bottom, so you have to stir it up every 30 mins or so to avoid uneven mashing. Neverthless I like it and don't think I've wasted my money. > > Thanks, > Dean > Desmond Mottram. > > Kent "maybe someday I'll get this brewing business figured out and quit > experimenting with EVERY flipping batch" Dinkel Not a chance! You'll never rest. Once satisfied with one brew, you'll think "now how about trying..." It's more than a life's work getting them all right. That's half the fun! The other half is consuming the product of course :-))))) The hard bit is having the patience to change only one variable at a time. > > dinkel at hpmtaa.lvld.hp.com > DJM des at swindon.swindon.ingr.COM Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 4 Dec 91 8:08:51 EST From: Mike Sharp <msharp at cs.ulowell.edu> Subject: Re: Homebrew Digest #774 (December 04, 1991) John DeCarlo writes: > This reminds me that there was an interesting article about a > former Homebrewer of the Year in _zymurgy_ a few years back. It > discussed how he raises his own barley, malts it himself, ..., > and uses wooden kegs. (Did he win with a Belgian Brown?) This was Mike Matucheski. He gave a talk at the last AHA conf. The article is in the summer '89 issue. He did win the Belgian category a few years ago with a beer he calls 'Goudenband'. His brew seems to be exclusivly Belgian in character and he uses bottle cultured yeast (apparently obtained on one of his _many_ visits). He brought a few samples of his stuff to the unofficial lambic tasting (at the last conf.). It wasn't bad, but I would definately say it was horsey. This is a common character in Belgian lambics. Its the aroma you'd be into if you were a conoseur of horse sweat. Finally, Mike is making the conference beer for this year. Its a Framboise (did I let the cat out of the bag?). If nothing else, it'll be an eye openner for many people. Ken Weiss writes: > I was in LA over Thanksgiving. My mother-in-law lives about two blocks from > Wolfgang Puck's brewery, Eureka. .... > Not only was the bar closed as well, but the > bartender behaved as if we were insane for thinking we could get a beer at > such an outrageous hour. I mean, really, did we think we were in a BREWERY > or something??? If someone can send me a Pediococcus culture, maybe I'll > drop in on my next trip to LA and spray it around... ;-P Imagine that, going to a bar in the middle of the afternoon & expecting to get a beer!! How many gallons of slurry would you like? --Mike Return to table of contents
Date: 04 Dec 91 08:45:15 EST From: Robin Garr <76702.764 at compuserve.com> Subject: Wine/beer snobbery? In Digest No. 774, Ken Weiss writes: > What's next? Beer tastings complete with precious little commentaries? "A > woodsy little beerwith an insoucient nose, and a rascally finish. > Unpresumptuous, butsturdy." ARRRGHHH! If I wanted to be associated with > pretentious snobby weenies that drink for flavor and not effect, I'd drink > wine. Whew, I feel better now. Not to start another flame (we've had enough, on other subjects), but I'd respectfully point out that to stereotype wine-lovers as "pretentious snobby weenies" is no more accurate than to stereotype beer-lovers as "fat, burping slobs." I know Ken's tongue is visibly in his cheek here, but it bears occasional repeating that a lot of folks enjoy wine, beer and other fermented fluids (thanks, Martin!) as adjacent stopping points along a continuous spectrum. As a wine lover AND home brewer, I've got no problem with that. But in these troubled times, when there are dark forces out there who would be happy to see a modern version of the failed experiment Prohibition return, I'd respectfully suggest that we ought to be seeking common cause among those who favor beer, wine or spirits, or any combination. Robin Garr Associate Sysop CompuServe Wine and Beer Forum 76702.764 at compuserve.com Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 4 Dec 1991 11:20:30 -0500 (EST) From: YATROU at INRS-TELECOM.UQUEBEC.CA (Paul Yatrou) Subject: Re: re: rE...Re-using yeast Bryan Gros writes: - ----------------- :I was amazed to see bubbles in 10 minutes and a full fermentation :in 30 minutes. I had never seen it take off so fast. Unfortunately, :I don't drink my beer fast enough to do this often, but I'd like :to save some of this yeast. Quite a few of us would like to re-use yeast that we've had good results with (to cut down the cost, among other reasons). But not all of us have the chance or time (or energy?) to brew succesive batches so that we can repitch off the sediment in the secondary of the previous batch. There's always the technique for propagating some of the trub in sterile wort and using it within a week or so, but what if you need more time? Now here's my question/suggestion: - --------------------------------- What about culturing yeast from your own bottles? This is regularly done with Chimays and other imported beers, granted you don't have any other source for getting these yeasts. Could the same method be used here? Or is there a problem with culturing from such a small sample such a long time after it's been active (infections, mutations, or just plain old weakened yeasties). Maybe you can culture from several bottles-worth to increase the size. Presumably, recapping the empty bottles and storing them in the fridge a day or two until you have enough will not hurt the yeast. This would allow you weeks/months before starting a new batch. Also you have the benefit of "tasting" the results of the yeast before you use it. Has anyone tried this? PY Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 04 Dec 91 11:40:23 EST From: "Andy Wilcox" <andy at eng.ufl.edu> Subject: SS Bud Kegs (again) After several months of not brewing, I'm ready to jump back in again. During the break, I've happened across several of the 15gal SS Kegs. I'd like to set up the "ultimate" all grain brewing system with these. Just as a preliminary guess, I'm thinking of using one for a boiling vat (natural gas powered), one for a lauter tun, and another for a fermenter. I'd be very interested in hearing about what kinds of gas fired multiple keg systems that ya'll are using. Andy Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 4 Dec 91 10:49:01 CST From: bliss at csrd.uiuc.edu (Brian Bliss) Subject: boil overs All of my extract beers seem to foam over to a great extent, but my all grain batches come to a nice rolling boil without ever foaming up at all. Until last weekend, that it. I added .5 lb roasted barley to 1.5 gal water, brought to 152F, and added 2 tsp of amylase enzyme to do a partial mash. I let it sit for 20 min, turned on the heat, brought to a boil, and added 2 cans JB dark extract. It came to a boil without ever foaming over. I never tried using amylase enzye before. I hypothesize that it is the unconverted starches in the wort that cause the boil over, and that when I do the full mash of an all-grain beer, or at least a very complete partial mash, these are eliminated. Handy stuff, that amylase. bb Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 4 Dec 1991 12:05 EDT From: BAUGHMANKR at CONRAD.APPSTATE.EDU Subject: Boil-over, mesh, and antinomy Subject: Re: Late Boil-up >From: IO10676 at maine.maine.edu >When the wort forms a head and starts making a run for the edge >of the pot, you pour a splash of cold water in it. Puts it >right in its place, which is back in the pot. And Martin sez: >I figured this was worth a question to the digest. I have >resorted on occasion to the "cold water" method, but dislike it >since you have to watch out for boil-over again. So I normally >just use the "blow on" method to reduce the foam. This is tough >on those who hyperventilate easily, but is great in that you >don't have to worry about another boil-over happening that batch. Boil over is caused by the formation of a viscous film of protein on the surface of the soon-to-boil wort. When the steam escapes upward at the onset of the boil, it blows a big wort-bubble all over creation. To prevent boil-over, I skim the creamy head of protein that forms in the pre-boil stage several times. Haven't had boil-over in years. Boil-over usually doesn't occur after that initial 'steam-break'. I've always assumed that this is because the rolling action of the boil prevents another film of protein from forming. The cold water method may fail sometimes because the protein probably skims over again. The cold water would have returned the wort to a pre-boil temperature, preventing the rolling action of the wort which will thereafter prevent the wort-bubble action. At least, that would be my guess. And, no, this doesn't affect the head retention of my beers. There's plenty of protein left in the wort for that. As for mesh: A non-metal source of mesh is 'no-see um' mosquito netting from an outdoors hiking/camping shop. It easily withstands boiling temperatures. And just when you thought the solder thread had run its course: Is there a problem with antinomy in solder? Some lead-free solders contain 5%. Seems like someone had a disparaging attitude toward antinomy a couple issues back. Sure is nice to have the Digest back to normal. Kinney Baughman | Beer is my business and baughmankr at conrad.appstate.edu | I'm late for work. Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 4 Dec 91 11:04:19 CST From: dbeedle at rs6000.cmp.ilstu.edu (Dave Beedle) Subject: Yeast for barley wine... I'm planning on brewing up another batch of barley wine soon (my second) and am curious as to what yeast you folks might recommend. I read in Zymurgy that most comercial examples of BW do not mak use of champagne yeast so...what ale yeasts are up to the task? I've also found out (after the first batch) about rousing the yeast during the ferment. Any comments? TTFN - -- Dave Beedle Office of Academic Computing Illinois State University Internet: dbeedle at rs6000.cmp.ilstu.edu 136A Julian Hall Bitnet: dbeedle at ilstu.bitnet Normal, Il 61761 Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 4 Dec 91 12:24:54 EST From: bkelley at pms001.pms.ford.com ( Brian Kelley ) Subject: Re: Guinness draft in a can Bob Jones wrote in HBD 774: > The real question I have is how do they release the nitrogen when you open > the can? Bob, I also wondered about this. I believe I have it figured out. (This is all IMHO based on examining the can). At the factory, I believe they put a small quantity of liquid nitrogen into the plastic reservoir. The edges of the reservoir are sealed, but the small hole in the center is not. Before this liquid can boil off, they fill the can with beer, add C02 and seal it. When the beer is poured in the can, it cannot enter the plastic dome because the nitrogen is bubbling out. When the can is pressurized, the beer presses down on the dome causing it to seal and trap the nitrogen. When the beer is opened, the center of the dome pops up, allowing the now gaseous nitrogen to jet into the beer. It is really a neat idea. <Beer exerting pressure> __ __ __| || |__ (side view of circular dome) ^^ The edges are always sealed ^^ pressure causes this junction to seal against the base. - --- bkelley at pms001.pms.ford.com Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 04 Dec 91 13:53 EST From: JHOLMES at CLEMSON.CLEMSON.EDU Subject: shopping list... I have read Papizan, Miller and Zymurgy religiously. I know what to buy. However ther are no Homebrew shops near where I live! So will someone be so kind and allow me to get the names and addresses of their favorite homebrew shops and catalog places? Relax, james holmes - ------------------------------------------------------------------- jholmes at clemson.clemson.edu---------------------------------------- - ------------------------------------------------------------------- Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 4 Dec 91 10:58:08 PST From: Richard.Stueven at Corp.Sun.COM (Richard Stueven) Subject: Re: Pasteurized Pub Draught Guinness In HBD# 774, bkelley at pms001.pms.ford.com ( Brian Kelley ) exclaims: >One thing that did surprise me was the large "Pasteurized" stamp on the can. >I never realized Guiness was pasteurized. Truth, Fiction, or Urban Legend: All beers imported into the US are required to be pasteurized and/or to have chemicals such as _formaldehyde_ added to them. I've heard this from a number of people over the years, none of whom really know any more about it than I do. Does any net.brewer know for sure? Pointers to relevant legislation will also be appreciated... thx gak P.S. Personally, I believe the "pasteurized" part, but not the "formaldehyde" part. Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 04 Dec 91 13:59 EST From: JHOLMES at CLEMSON.CLEMSON.EDU Subject: Coke-a-Brew I&II Well a friend of mine who likes to do stuf to his beer that no Well a friend of mine who likes to do stuffto his beer that no other man would d o, decided to make a new addition to his beer. He adde Coke A Cola to his brew instead of adding corn sugar. The result was magnificent. At first it had a really bitter taste but as the bottle was emptied it turned out to be something to drink again and a gain. Now he wants to add the soft drink ginger ale to the brew he is working on and hopefully it will turn out as just delicious. - --------------------------------------------------------------- Jholmes at clemson.clemson.edu - ------------------------------------------------------------------ Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 4 Dec 91 13:01:39 CST From: ingr!ingr!b11!mspe5!guy at uunet.UU.NET Subject: WYeast #1084 Irish Ale yeast In response to the question on (lack of) carbonation using Wyeast Irish Ale yeast, I have never had this problem. I used it in an Irish sweet stout and it produced quite a nice, creamy head. I currently have another stout in the secondary and the yeast in it is now thrice pitched Irish Ale yeast. I used it first in my Christmas beer, saved the dregs from the secondary, pitched it into my "Yellowdog Mild", saved the dregs again, and then pitched into the current stout. I have noticed that the primary fermentation has gotten less vigorous each time. The first time (Christmas beer), I had some blowoff even though I was fermenting 5 gallons in a 7 gallon carboy. The second use yielded about a 4" - 5" kraeusen, and this batch only rose up about 1". It still ferments well (starting gravity on my current batch was 1.051 and was down to 1.016 after 4 days when I racked it) and I still have had no carbonation problems. The Christmas beer has a thick, brown head that lasts until the glass is empty. This yeast is my personal favorite. Just another data point for your survey. - --- Guy D. McConnell "All I need is a pint a day..." Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 4 Dec 91 11:40:44 PST From: stuart at ads.com (Stuart Crawford) Subject: Brew Kegging Supplies I want to start kegging my beer, so am looking for an inexpensive approach. Someone suggested acquiring the "Foxx Equipment catalog". Anyone have an address, or other source for supplies in the SF Bay area? Thanks, Stuart Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 4 Dec 91 16:27 EST From: man at kato.att.com Subject: Sanitizing Kegs After reading George Fix's posts about SS fermenters, I thought of a few questions. George said that sometimes boiling water wasn't good, because high iron content would be a problem. Someone else contradicted this, I believe, but that isn't important. My question is this: Can I take a 15 gal Bud keg and put it on my King Kooker and put, say, 2 gallons of distilled water in it. Then boil it all out and let the steam sanitize the fermenter ? Remember, Bud kegs are NOT rubber or plastic lined on the outside, they are all metal. My water supply could probably be used, but distilled could be used for problem water supplies. Any comments ? For me, with my flame thrower burner, this makes a very easy way to sterilize without any chemicals. BTW, my local beer distributor sold me three 15gal Bud kegs for $10 each. I plan to use 2 as fermenters and 1 as a combo masher/boiler (and maybe a lauter tun) to make 12 gallon batches. Mark Nevar Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 4 Dec 91 16:03:19 CST From: ingr!ingr!b11!mspe5!guy at uunet.UU.NET Subject: Re: Stolen (?) Kegs In Digest #744, Donald P Perley writes: > Someone asked about the cost to a brewery if you sacrifice the deposit > and keep a keg. > > I got this from the latest issue of "The Irish Emigrant" >> > > > > > > > > > BITS AND PIECES < < < < < < < < < >> >> - 57,000 empty beer kegs belonging to Guinness went missing >> during the first nine months of the year. The company suspects >> organised criminal gangs but does not say what they do with >> them. The kegs cost #50 each to replace. > > I guess WE know what everyone is doing with them; heh heh heh... > I don't know what the currency exchange rate is. Using Liam's posting of the currency exchange rates later in the Business section of "The Irish Emigrant" and assuming that they are talking about Irish pounds instead of Sterling, each keg costs $85.85 to replace. That's almost 5 million dollars worth of kegs!! Now, *I'd* like to get my hands on a FULL keg of Guinness! - --- Guy D. McConnell "All I need is a pint a day..." Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 4 Dec 91 19:08 EST From: <S94TAYLO%USUHSB.bitnet at VTVM2.CC.VT.EDU> Subject: Priming with DME syrup Kent Dinkel got flat beer because he didn't use enough DME. One cup of DME has only 0.8 cup of malt extract solids, only 3/4 of which is actually fermentable. So, about 3/5 of a cup (less than 2/3 cup, by my primitive math) is fermentable. To get the same carbonation you would get from 3/4 cup corn sugar, you would need to use 1-1/4 cup of any syrup. Al Taylor Uniformed Services University School of Medicine Bethesda, Maryland Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 4 Dec 91 16:05:10 GMT From: Conn Copas <C.V.Copas at loughborough.ac.uk> Subject: Lacing I've always understood lacing to be a function of hop bitterness. I once made a low gravity no adjuncts extract brew which finished around SG 4, and was also way overhopped with Hallertau. It had almost no head retention but considerable lacing. Return to table of contents
End of HOMEBREW Digest #775, 12/05/91 ************************************* -------
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