HOMEBREW Digest #3045 Tue 01 June 1999

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		Digest Janitor: janitor@hbd.org
		Many thanks to the Observer & Eccentric Newspapers of 
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  To Dave Burley ("Jill and Phil Yates")
  bittersweet success or a Victory of my own! ("Frederick L. Pauly")
  Re:  Reusing champagne corks ("J. Matthew Saunders")
  H.B.D.: can we put H.S.A. to B.E.D.?/hot side aeration/oxidation ("Stephen Alexander")
  Possibly answer to HSA in homebrew vs commercial (Joe Rolfe)
  death of Hank's (Vachom)
  Dextrin degradation, malty taste, sulfite, yeast and head, (Dave Burley)
  yeast and head, Bauer's Bomb, covering the kettle prevents (Dave Burley)
  malt bills/Kunze ("Stephen Alexander")
  unappreciated brewers ... ("Stephen Alexander")
  Re: Siebel, malt modification ("Stephen Alexander")
  Inexcusable (AJ)
  HBD Christmas Party ("Phil and Jill Yates")
  Website Moved ("Alan McKay")

* Beer is our obsession and we're late for therapy! * 2000 MCAB Qualifiers: Boneyard Brew-Off 6/12/99 * (http://www.uiuc.edu/ro/BUZZ/contest5.html); Buzz-Off! * Competition 6/26/99 (http://www.voicenet.com/~rpmattie/buzzoff) Send articles for __publication_only__ to post@hbd.org If your e-mail account is being deleted, please unsubscribe first!! To SUBSCRIBE or UNSUBSCRIBE send an e-mail message with the word "subscribe" or "unsubscribe" to request@hbd.org. **SUBSCRIBE AND UNSUBSCRIBE REQUESTS MUST BE SENT FROM THE E-MAIL ACCOUNT YOU WISH TO HAVE SUBSCRIBED OR UNSUBSCRIBED!!!** IF YOU HAVE SPAM-PROOFED your e-mail address, the autoresponder and the SUBSCRIBE/UNSUBSCRIBE commands will fail! Contact brewery at hbd.org for information regarding the "Cat's Meow" Back issues are available via: HTML from... http://hbd.org Anonymous ftp from... ftp://hbd.org/pub/hbd/digests ftp://ftp.stanford.edu/pub/clubs/homebrew/beer AFS users can find it under... /afs/ir.stanford.edu/ftp/pub/clubs/homebrew/beer COPYRIGHT for the Digest as a collection is currently held by hbd.org (Pat Babcock and Karl Lutzen). Digests in their entirity CANNOT be reprinted/reproduced without this entire header section unless EXPRESS written permission has been obtained from hbd.org. Digests CANNOT be reprinted or reproduced in any format for redistribution unless said redistribution is at absolutely NO COST to the consumer. COPYRIGHT for individual posts within each Digest is held by the author. Articles cannot be extracted from the Digest and reprinted/reproduced without the EXPRESS written permission of the author. The author and HBD must be attributed as author and source in any such reprint/reproduction. (Note: QUOTING of items originally appearing in the Digest in a subsequent Digest is exempt from the above. Home brew clubs NOT associated with organizations having a commercial interest in beer or brewing may republish articles in their newsletters and/or websites provided that the author and HBD are attributed. ASKING first is still a great courtesy...) JANITORS on duty: Pat Babcock and Karl Lutzen (janitor@hbd.org)
---------------------------------------------------------------------- Date: Mon, 31 May 1999 20:22:43 +1000 From: "Jill and Phil Yates" <yates at flexgate.infoflex.com.au> Subject: To Dave Burley Dave, I have just about had enough of this Phil character insisting he go first whenever we write something so I have added him behind for a change. He might not think so but I reckon you're a pretty neat guy. Just the way you push this Pivo guy around and then admit to us all you are one and the same personality. And of course you are so widely travelled, as you mentioned. If I could get this Boof Head completely off my title transmission I might just like to batter my big eyes and say "hey, why don't you come and have a Mudgee Mud with me?" Cheers Phil, no that's Jill, Oh where is my medication? Yates. Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 31 May 1999 08:03:03 -0400 From: "Frederick L. Pauly" <flp2m at unix.mail.virginia.edu> Subject: bittersweet success or a Victory of my own! Well, not exactly Hop Devil, but I finally got that wonderfull bittersweet flavor I have been looking for. After hounding all of you and the brewers at Victory and Jim Bush I finally got at least close. It still lacks the strength of hop flavor and aroma but I'm working on it. So here's what I did. For 10 gallons 14.5 pounds Weyerman Light Munich 8.5 pounds Weyerman Pils mashed at 152 for 90 minutes Hops first wort hopping 46 IBU Centenial pellets 30 min 5 IBU Cent, 11 IBU Tettnager, 5 IBU Cascade (leaf and pellet) 15 min 14 IBU total cascade and Cent. leaf off heat 3 oz each of cascade and Cent. My total IBU calculation was 81 Now the yeast. I have been trying to get the flavor I want out of the above recipe for about a year with out much success using various Ale yeasts so this time I used WYeast Bohemian. The OG was about 1.065 FG 1.010 It's at 5 weeks right now and tastes great. Next time I would back off on the bittering hops just a tad and put more in the middle. Fermented at 40-45F Well, thanks again to everyone that helped me on my quest. Rick Pauly Charlottesville,VA Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 31 May 1999 10:15:38 -0400 From: "J. Matthew Saunders" <saunderm at vt.edu> Subject: Re: Reusing champagne corks Rob Hanson asks about cork finishing beers: The best way that I've found to cork finish a beer is to use regular straight corks. 1) I cut the "mushroom" top off champagne corks that I use and discard the bottom piece. 2) I soak the strait corks in a sodium metabisulfate solution overnight . (I know that there is some difference in opinion on this forum whether this practice works or not--but since I started sanitising my corks in this fashion, I haven't had any belgian stuff infected in the bottle.) 3) I fill champagne bottles with beer and cork the bottles like you would wine. 4) I put the "mushroom on top of the bottle and cage it down to the neck of the bottle. When I open the bottle, chances are I need a corkscrew, although I have had bottles that the pressure between the two corks has essentially fused them together hard enough to pull the cork our manually. When I use the corkscrew, I uncage the beer and remove the "mushroom" pretty quickly. Then I draw out the cork with the corkscrew. I HOLD ONTO THE CORKSCREW TIGHTLY so it doesn't go flying through the room and hit someone in the forehead. This is the system I use. If anyone decides to try using it, do it at your own risk--I am not responsible for any mis-hap that may come your way. Cheers! Matthew in VA soon to be brewin' in CO. Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 31 May 1999 10:33:45 -0400 From: "Stephen Alexander" <steve-alexander at worldnet.att.net> Subject: H.B.D.: can we put H.S.A. to B.E.D.?/hot side aeration/oxidation Jeff (Dr.Pivo) Irvine writes >can we put H.S.A. to B.E.D.? Well, certainly farther back on the back burner (sic). also ... >I did a little 'spurment last year with "HSA". Great experiment Jeff, *BUT* it failed to test the major premise. Many pointed out that oxidation damage may appear late and suddenly. The question should be - does the HSA beer *eventually* suffer an earlier and severe decline. Your 6-8 week aged beer experiment doesn't answer this. - -- Jeff Irvine and Matthew Arnold both apparently missed the point of my (long) follow-up question to Siebel re HSA. Dave Radzanowski of Siebel wrote of HSA ... >When you are required to ship large quantities for >great distance and need to have very long shelf stability under conditions >over which you have no control, then it becomes a factor. I was attempting to pointed out that HB *may* sometimes be subjected to equally long storage times and poor handling conditions. Mishandlings of all sorts were being referenced here. Jeff rejects that bottled and shipped homebrew even is homebrew: >What you are talking about is "homebrew contests" and not "homebrewing". Yet he also writes about his own difficulty controlling secondary temps >This (when the secondary temp creeps up over the primary), empirically, >leads to almost immediate "old barrel" flavours. So beer, mishandled by bottling and shipping NOT HB while beer mishandled by poor secondary temp control IS HB ? Utter nonsense Jeff ! No HB that I am aware of is continuously subjected to the sort of handling standards as found at a local brewpub. Dr.Pivo demonstrates this himself with his "spotty" cellar temperature control. I suspect DaveR of Siebel (perhaps still) underestimates the travails of *some* HB, tho' he may also be entirely correct in his low estimation of the importance of HSA. - -- Matthew Arnold writes about the same post ... Re: hot side aeration/oxidation >>(vorlauf) of about 50% of the mash liquor volume to get adequate clarity. >Does anyone else recirculate this much? 50%!?! There is a bit of hyperbole here, but 4qts is not unreasonable. We can discuss the how and why offline. In a 4-5 gal batch ... The point I was trying to make is that at HB scale the recirc percent is about 100X of that seen at mega-commercial breweries. If you move your mash from tun to lauter in a 'scoop' or by pouring, then you experience most of the hot-side O2 contact I was describing - even with no vorlauf! - -- >my initial run-off is stunningly clear.[...] >my clarity also improved dramatically when I got my >MaltMill (I previously used a Corona). Which may effect your definition of 'stunningly clear' vs murky as well. At the HB level we have no objective way to compare runoff clarity. My note regarding clarity was about beer, not runoff (tho' related). Just how long after pitching is it before HB beers approach commercial levels of clarity. Probably 3-4 times longer for HB than for Mega-beers. Time is the issue. >>Because of the lack of finish filtration (and often slower fermentation), >As far as clarity goes--two words: Irish Moss. Is this really that >difficult? Irish moss(IM) reputedly (and arguably and variably) impacts protein chill haze and less certainly permanent protein haze. It is absolutely NOT a functional substitute for cold finish filtration. >As far as flavor goes, [...] I always like enjoying the flavor changes that >occur in very young beer until it reaches it's theoretical peak. Same here, *but* I'm almost always impressed with how much better my ales taste at 2 months than straight out of the fermentor. >>A quick review [...]] of HB winning national prizes [..] age range of 3 to >>9 months [..] temperature control may be spotty. >That's a rather large assumption to be basing a general truth on, isn't it? ?!!? You need to re-read the original post if you think I was declaring some generalized truth. I was pointing out that HBs, may be commonly drunk at ages of 3-9 months and that their storage control is not comparable to commercial methods. Look at Jeff Irvine/Dr.Pivo's recent note about shifting beer around in a cool basement to keep the temperature in range, that is the HB practice of "spotty" temperature control I was referring to. >Here's the main issue in my mind. If you are a competition hound, then yes, >you will need to be much more careful. Instantly the agitation, >temperature, and other problems that arise with shipping suddenly >apply to you. There is a little truth here, but I mostly disagree. The fact that you can sometimes get away with marginal brewing methods if you then carefully handle the beer and drink it quickly is condoning sloppy methods that are likely to show up in other ways or later in your 'non-competition' beer. (see below) >.For 90% of the homebrew produced in this country, this is a non-issue. If pouring 10% of your beer down the drain is a "non-issue" - then I agree. I think I've had 3 brews over the past 4 years that suffered from clear and inexplicable oxidation damage changes. I spoke this weekend with a brewing friend who has won top national awards yet has a kegged brew that he referred to as "liquid cardboard". If you think it cannot happen to you - you are whistling in the dark. If you drink all your beer by week 6 then you probably have little to fear, but I don't think I'll enjoy your barleywines or lagers. >P.S. I hope this doesn't sound like a slam against Steve. No offense taken at all Matt, nor mean - sincerely. >But I believe that HSA is one issue where homebrewers need to apply >Charlie P.'s mantra. You should only 'worry' (in the positive sense of exerting control) over things you think are important and that you can effect. That is a generalized truth. It doesn't pay to become so 'anal' about a hobby (or a job) that it loses all enjoyment. On the other hand it also doesn't pay to accepting poor brewing practices just because you seldom see a major problem. I and others have posted on beer, which after drinking well for weeks or months - in a keg, then over just a few days shows significant oxidation damage. Search the archives - many such reports. As I noted in my post, HSA may not the ultimate culprit, *BUT* damage constant with oxidation is a well known and not uncommon HB problem. Siebel's statement that the source *PROBABLY* isn't HSA, just widens the mystery. Kunze (pp211) writes of "oxidation during mashing" that air uptake, for example by mixing results in: - darker wort and beer - a less refined beer flavor - decreased flavor stability . >>still sleeping uneasily, >Get some rest, Steve. This is one bogeyman that's not worth losing any >over. If Matt or Jeff (Pivo) would just explain what non-HSA source of oxidation is causing the damage ... then I might sleep that sleep that "knits up the raveled sleeve of care", Till then it's "Double, double toil and trouble; Fire burn, and cauldron bubble". Sorry to not answer Matt's issues in more detail, but 8k is enough on the topic. I'm perfectly happy to accept the Siebel statement (thankfully Dave R of Siebel clarified his meaning) that HSA is much less of a concern than post fermentation oxygen contact (which is horrific). The experience and judgment supplied by Siebel staff is precisely what cannot be easily gained from textbooks, nor from single point experiments. Posts by Siebel overall were wonderful, and I sincerely appreciate the time and effort taken to respond to our questions. -S Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 31 May 1999 10:39:26 -0400 (EDT) From: Joe Rolfe <onbc at shore.net> Subject: Possibly answer to HSA in homebrew vs commercial just one idea why it appears to be an issue in a smaller brewery: the total volume aerated is much larger in a small brewery. if your doing the hot wort directly into the fermenter you getting 100% of the volume. same applies if you transfer the mash. in a large brewery it is smaller percentage of the whole and is limited to the amounts to fill the runoff pipe, the bottom of the kettle, and the piping to the wort chiller. if it aproaches 10% of a larger brewery i'd be surprised. similar for the mash side, but usually not too much mucking around with the mash is done. thanx to the Siebel folks - class act. Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 31 May 1999 09:59:13 -0500 From: Vachom <MVachow at newman.k12.la.us> Subject: death of Hank's In HBD #3044 Tim mourns the death of Henry Weinhard's, swallowed whole by the gigantic real estate/brewing concern that owns Miller Beer. Tim, the closing of the brewery that made Hank's is the necessary result of Miller's recent acquisition of Stroh's. Someone correct me if I'm wrong, but I believe that Henry Weinhard's was not a craft brewery product at all but a Stroh's brand name. The Miller acquisition of Stroh's will also affect Boston Brewing which had contracted with Stroh's to produce a considerable portion of its flagship beer. At the time of the purchase, there was considerable concern that Miller which would unquestionably hike the contract value considerably, leaving Boston Brewing to either pony up or find someone else with whom to contract. But then, what brewery has that kind of capacity that is not either owned by or has as its major investor (Redhook, Shipyard) one of the mega-brewers? As Bill Siebel mentioned in his #3036 post, packaging craft brewers are now and will continue to repeat in miniature the recent history of the mega-brewers, that is, buying each other up, consolidating to save costs, contracting with mega brewers, etc. The positive spin on this trend is that the consistency and quality of craft brewed beer is bound to go up. The flip-side? Narrowing of style choices, the death of your favorite regional, the fact that the $6 you shell out for a six of craft brew is no longer going to your next-door-neighbor who bagged his corporate job to follow his dream of brewing beer but to a more faceless operation with its headquarters in Tampa. In the future you'll have to get your winter ale and your "support-locally" fix at the brewpub which might still be owned by your neighbor; then again, it might be owned by Archer Daniels Midland. Mike New Orleans, LA Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 31 May 1999 12:16:34 -0400 From: Dave Burley <Dave_Burley at compuserve.com> Subject: Dextrin degradation, malty taste, sulfite, yeast and head, Brewsters: David Humes asks about using dextrin malts versus modifying the mash conditions. I know your question was directed to Siebel, but their question period is over for a year and I do think it is a valid area for discussion. So, I hope you don't mind if I start this discussion. I and, I think, AlK have puzzled over this on more than one occasion either here or offline. If I use these specialty malts which have been fully saccharified ( like crystal and dextrin malts) I often add them at the end of the mash to avoid untoward modification of them by the mash enzymes. This is one good reason to "mash out" to guarantee the beta amylase is gone and the alpha amylase is reduced in concentration. I do not know how these malts are used commercially, although, I know commercial brewers tend to not make multiple grist additions. Therefore, I presume the effectiveness of these specialty malts will be dependent on the specific grist and mash program. For this reason, when I only make one grist, I tend to think of these specialty malts only for providing flavor ( crystal - caramelly flavors, dextrin - biscuitty <or is it malty?> flavors due to the higher kilning) and let my mashing program take care of the dextrins or else use them in single infusion mashes. - ------------------------------------------------- On the subject of "malty" flavors: I tend to think of the malts which have been more highly kilned, but are still pale-ish in color to offer the most malty flavor. Munich malts are on the outside edge of what I call malty, since other flavors from the higher kilning tend to cover up the malt, IMHO. Cut the kernel to judge the color. The color rating helps. - ------------------------------------------------ Bill Frazier asks about using sulfite in beer to improve its (bacterial?) stability due to the lower alcohol content he desires. At beer pHs, sulfite is ineffective as a anti-bacterial preservative. I know it has been against the law for many years to add sulfite to beers. Presumably, the higher volumes of beer ingested versus wine, the carbonation of beer which prevents the loss of sulfite on pouring and perhaps the potential for serious allergic responses are the reasons dictating against its use. - ------------------------------------- Ron Hansen asks about corking Belgians. I just partially insert a wine cork. Works fine and the upper section expands a little, so it is nearly similar to the real thing. HB shops have the champagne cages. - -------------------------------------- Keep on Brewin' Dave Burley Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 31 May 1999 12:16:47 -0400 From: Dave Burley <Dave_Burley at compuserve.com> Subject: yeast and head, Bauer's Bomb, covering the kettle prevents Brewsters: Dr Pivo, Siebel and I have made the same observation concerning yeast and head quality. All of my naturtally kraeusened ( using my starter kraeusen method - see archives) kegs give much better quality foam and lace down the side of the glass measuring each sip (or gulp!) with accuracy. I believe it is a physical phenomenon. Since often the same yeast are involved, I presume, like Dr. Pivo, that the yeast load is the important factor. I suggested a few years ago when I reported it here in the HBD that this was due to the fact that the yeast may serve as nucleation sites for the gas bubbles and the more yeast in the beer, the more and finer the foam. Kraeusening should leave more yeast in the beer. There does seem to be some optimum, however, as really yeasty beer seems to blow off quickly without a lot of head, in my experience. I also observe that this phenomenon will be yeast dependent to some extent since the flocculation rate is yeast dependent. It will also be dependent on post fermentation treatments like filtering, lagering, kegging vessel size and time. This might be an interesting experiment for those equipped with light scattering apparati to evaluate this using some ASBC foam stability testing protocols. Siebel? - ----------------------------------------- Harlan Bauer's use of a Sanke keg and a mechanical regulator to make a 15 gallon pressure cooker scared the crap out of me when I read it. Foamy wort ( not plain water) can clog the pressure guage and the mechanical pressure controller with continued use. Unfortunately, there was no provision for the inevitable pressure override which even simple, commercially built pressure cookers ( of MUCH smaller volumes and MUCH thicker walled vessels) have. Even though they have a mechanical controller, they also have - a < non-mechanical> fusible link which will blow when the temperature ( read steam pressure) gets too high. You have no such provision and it is nearly impossible to cool off a large volume vessel quickly enough to avert any damage. Controlling the pressure by adjusting the heat just won't do it reliably. Besides, to do so you would have to be there to do it. I would be running the other way and around the house to get some schrapnel protection. The nature of the heating of these Sanke kegs is uneven at best and they are not necessarily tempered to be recycled over these temperature ranges. What happens to the pressure rating ( only a 4 atm rating, at best, according to Harlan. This is less than a champagne bottle!) at these temperatures? I don't know, but I can guess. Even though I assume you are doing this outside, I think this is an extremely dangerous practice and I implore you to stop it. If you have ever seen the results of a pressure vessel or pipe blow you will understand just how foolish this practice is. Unfortunately, I once saw the results of a pipe driven through a worker by a reaction which got out of control. His family was left fatherless. Why do you need ten gallons of sterilized wort anyway? - ----------------------------------- Alan in Baltmore, I always boil with my kettle partially (in fact, almost completely) covered so that there is a steady jet of steam to guarantee no air is getting in. I always wait to do this after the first boil-up, however. Typically, I have it covered about 3/4 to get to the boil more quickly, but so I can see how it is proceeding, remove the lid as surface action and foam rise and then cover it when the foaming subsides. This does prevent oxidation, which can take place during the boil, despite the solubility of oxygen argument. If you don't believe it, check out the darkening of the foam and beer with time on an uncovered kettle. I have tried also makling a large cone from aluminum foil to emulate commercial kettles and produce a real jet of steam out the top. It worked fine, but I was unable to see the surface of the boil and it was just too much fussing for the marginally better result. Keep on Brewin' Dave Burley Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 31 May 1999 12:14:11 -0400 From: "Stephen Alexander" <steve-alexander at worldnet.att.net> Subject: malt bills/Kunze Kyle writes, >Oktoberfest, Munchner (dunkel), and Bock. I am not going to spend $100+ for >a book where all I want are the recipes. Would you, or someone else who has >the book, please post a few of the malt bills, thanks. Kunze is not a recipe book, but contains tons of practical and authoritative brewing info. Well worth the money IMO. The AHA brewing series books are relatively cheap, but less authoritative and some of them are quite dated. The complete Narziss reference is probably available from the Brauwelt website for a few bucks as a reprint the reference is: Narziss, L., Brauwelt 6(1990), S 178-184. The immediate answer is that Kunze/Narziss shows the following malt bills: (Dark Malt = Munich Malt) (Pale Malt = Pils Malt) (Coloured Malt = dark roast malt) Dunkel 50-60 EBC: Dark Malt (15EBC) 90% Pale Malt (3.5EBC) 9% Coloured Malt 1% -or- Dark Malt (15EBC) 40% Dark Malt (25EBC) 40% Pale Malt (3.5EBC) 14% CaraDunkel (120EBC) 5% Coloured Malt 1% -or- Dark Malt (15EBC) 50% Bruhmalt (35EBC) 30% Pale Malt (3.5EBC) 19% Coloured Malt 1% ==== Marzen (March Beer/Munich) 30EBC: Vienna (5.5EBC) 90% Pale Malt (3.5EBC) 10% [CaraHell (25EBC) 10% optional ] -or- Dark Malt (15EBC) 70% Pale Malt (3.5EBC) 30% [CaraDunkel (120EBC) 5% optional] -or- Dark Malt (15EBC) 50% Pale Malt (3.5EBC) 30% Bruhmalt (35EBC) 20% -or- Dark Malt (15EBC) 100% I'll take responsibility for any typos; you can do the EBC to SRM conversion yourself. === No comparable Bock/Doppelbock info, tho malt bills for 6 other styles are listed. Kunze contains further info on approximately 21 styles in chapter 7. Color, attenuation expected, storing and serving info - for example he notes a lighter and darker variant of Marzen. Reproducing all of it all here would be unfair to the publisher and author. Hopefully the above educational excerpt will whet your appetite for a very good practical brewing book. Commercial Marzens like Spaten and Paulaner have a bigger dark caramel note than I personally prefer. Some Munich malts are better at reproducing this than others, but note the CaraDunkel and Bruhmalt options above too. happy brewing -S Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 31 May 1999 11:08:49 -0400 From: "Stephen Alexander" <steve-alexander at worldnet.att.net> Subject: unappreciated brewers ... Rob says, >My fury is directed to the generally sorry state of our industry, that to >this date, continues to allow brewers to be lured with promises of 5.25 >dollars an hour...(it is a real occurrence).... and with the understanding >that they are no more valued than the next dishwasher...... ... >......"Christ, I can get anyone to brew! >Just turn that valve, and follow this recipe...." ... >Brewing is a lot of process...no doubt....but the art is what no one >appreciates.. I agree. I know a handful of professional brewers who have given up much more lucrative careers in order to brew (one from our own HBD midst). They do so for love of the craft, not money and I applaud their courage and willingness to follow their dream. Life is ultimately about experiences and relationships, money, at least for someone with real goals and decent values, is just a tool, and sometimes an impediment. Why are brewers so unappreciated ? My highly condensed response is: 1/ that their products are often not unique or the brewers best work. I've had enough "golden lagers" and mediocre ales to know that brewpubs make these for the local "Bud", or "I don't really like beer' segment of the market. 2/ Most brewpubs and even Micros distribute only regionally so there is little opportunity for a "high-end" beer to find it's way to the appreciative glasses of enough discerning beer drinkers and develop a following. 3/ 'Food service' attitudes and management usually pervade brewpubs. This means minimum wage and high turnover are often in the mix. Professionally trained chefs do no better than brewmasters in brewpubs. 4/ Name recognition for the brewer is impossible if his name isn't on the beer menu and label (a few are). The beer press and writers (M.Jackson included) also do a very poor job of spotlighting the brewer. It is interesting that winemakers, that is the technical vintners of high end California wines for example, have none of the above problems and often achieve a national or international level of recognition. They work in a lower margin business, yet are probably paid a bit better and no one would consider replacing them with a "dishwasher". There are some precedents for micros focused on a particular 'high-end' style, and distributing widely to acquire enough of their focus market. Celis Wit and Pierre Celis, Unibroue outside Montreal, with their magnificent and unique style and a little better distribution this place could be much bigger, Anchor Steam and SNPA certainly represent a focus on a limited style with wide distribution. Other classic styles also have great potential for US production and national marketing. I know of some absolutely great US lagers and weizens in local production, but I also can't often afford to travel 100+ miles just to get a beer I happen to like. These guys are missing their market by not distributing more widely. The other "beer" problem is image and education. It wouldn't hurt if the image of the beer drinker was more like that of a wine drinker rather than like Homer Simpson - can of Duff beer in hand. Beer education has a long way to go .. I think the 'rotating' popularity of certain wine styles has helped people recognize the differences. Would be nice if the beer industry could get a buy-in from a lot of micros and brewpubs to 'push' some seasonal styles of beer nationwide. Maybe two appropriate styles per quarterly season. I think it would help both the image and education problem. -S Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 31 May 1999 14:45:25 -0400 From: "Stephen Alexander" <steve-alexander at worldnet.att.net> Subject: Re: Siebel, malt modification I am copying Christopher of Siebel on this, tho I do not expect an answer. The deadline is passed, and the generosity of the Siebel staff in answering our questions to this point is extremely generous and well appreciated. Perhaps next year ... Christopher of Siebel writes ... >That said I would dare anyone to compare a base malt >grown and malted in North America to one from Europe >and find them similar. Dare taken - See below >What specifications would reveal modification? >Acrosphire growth, Diastatic Power, Soluble Protein, FAN, Friability? >Once conversions between the different systems of reporting this >information i.e. ASBC vs. EBC have been taken into account, I'm sure >you'll come to the realization that German Malt in particular, and we're >talking a base malt (2 row etc.) contains a higher percentage of HMW >material. In comparing 'Briess two row brewers', 'Schreier Two-Row Pale', 'Durst Pils', 'Weyermanns Pilsner' and 'DeWolf Cosyns Pilsen' I come up with only partial data on each. No acrospire length data published, and friability (Durst - 88%, 80-90% for Weyermanns Pils) has no comparison points for US malts that I can find. Scotmalt - a well modified english style malt comes in at 90-92% friable as a somewhat distant point of comparison. I also have no direct figures on FAN, tho many on the related factors of soluble nitrogen & protein. The Diastatic power of the 2 US malts give ranges of 110-140L , while the German and Belgian entry are 70-100L. Note the not only the malt germination, but also the kilning and the different barley varieties and their protein levels have an impact on this number. The Durst alpha-amylase figure is a notch lower, but the DWC is very much inline with Schreier and Briess. I would expect Alpha-Amylase to be somewhat less kiln sensitive. The US entries had total protein from 11-12%, soluble protein from 5-5.4%, and a soluble/nitrogen ratio of 44-45%. The German/Belgian malts were listed at 10-11.5% 4.1-4.8% and 42.9-46%.Kolbach(Sol/Tot ratio). In all I'd have to say that the euro malts have a significantly lower total protein level (~10% diff) which is a barley grain property, but the percentage that has been degraded into solubility during modification is very similar, (or perhaps just slightly less excluding the Belgian DWC). The Kolbach (soluble nitrogen to total ratio) ratings of 42.9-46% don't come close to matching the figures one reads about in traditional decoction brewing for undermodified malts of Kolbach's in the mid to high 30's. German malts - lower diastatic power, lower total protein, similar percentage of total nitrogen modified to solubility. That's how I read these limited figures. I find it hard to interpret this data as saying that German malt is significantly less modified. It may well contain more HMW protein than the US product, but the demonstration is not in these numbers. Looks to me like euro malts have less of all protein but very comparable percentages are degraded to solubility during modification. Figures are from several sources, esp 'Brewing Techniques 1997 Market Guide' and the websites of the various maltsters. -S Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 31 May 1999 19:05:34 +0000 From: AJ <ajdel at mindspring.com> Subject: Inexcusable George Fix closed his post in #3044 with "On a more serious note, I sincerely do wish everyone associated with HBD well. In spite of the occasional invective HBD is a good discussion group, and I am sure it will flurish [sic] in the years to come." I note with some sadness and confusion that much of the preceding material was given to an ad hominem attack the likes of which I have never seen in HBD and of which I am the subject. This was apparently based on a thread of "reasoning" deriving from remarks I made in #2999 (8 April 99) about an article he wrote in BT. I ask that readers refer back to this post and let me know if it contains the "ranting / venting" of a writer "stressed out about many things". If you think so please let me know. Ordinarily I try to avoid ommenting on situations of this sort which really don't do much towards advancing the value of this forum but when Fix writes "I have no idea how this gentleman reacted when he heard the news, but my only reaction was a deep sense of gratitude that these competitions are judged blind!" he publicly impugns my integrity. For this offense against gentlemanly conduct he is a rascal and a scoundrel. There were times in western society when such actions led to most serious consequences (perhaps Galois will be recalled). I don't believe that they should be taken lightly even today. Thus, distressing though I find it, I must, as a gentleman take two actions: I. Demand an immediate apology in this forum. This will test whether George Fix retains the right to be called "gentleman" henceforth. II. Set the record straight. I was, in fact, quite certain that the beer in question was Fix's. In a flight of 12 "Bohemian Pilsners" it was the only one with any Bohemian character whatsoever. There were some damn good German Pilsners in there (and some dogs). When you are pretty sure that George Fix has entered this category (because he has done so in preceding years) and you only have one beer that meets the guidelines, it's quite easy to guess whose it is (this kind of guessing is called "maximizing the a-posteriori probability" in my profession). It took some work on both the flight judges and the advancement panel to get this beer promoted (one judge didn't like it, period. The advancement panel thought the phenols were too high) and sent on to best of show and I was, in exact opposition to Fix's supposition, the advocate because I thought his beer was the beer that best represented the style. I don't care if the beer was brewed by Slobodan Milosovitch (or George Fix against whom I had nothing before this morning either). I will always carry out my responsibilities as a judge with integrity. To suggest otherwise on such a flimsy basis is inexcusable. I apologize to the readership for taking the space for this necessary message. A. J. deLange Numquam in dubio, saepe in errore. Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 1 Jun 1999 06:33:07 +1000 From: "Phil and Jill Yates" <yates at flexgate.infoflex.com.au> Subject: HBD Christmas Party I know it's a ways off but we better start thinking about this. We might be able to talk Fouchy into opening the BentDick brewery as the venue. It's a long way to travel but I'm looking forward to seeing Kyle perform for us in drag, no disrespect there Kyle. And if I get this recipe worked out I can bring along some Mudgee Mud for all to try. Then you can send me home with a big note pinned to my back reading "Bloody Awful". Cheers Phil Yates. Return to table of contents
Date: Mon, 31 May 1999 16:36:09 -0400 From: "Alan McKay" <amckay at nortelnetworks.com> Subject: Website Moved Hi folks, I have my own domain name now, so I've moved my website over to http://www.bodensatz.com/ The old pages are all still in place, but the text has been replaced with nothing but a pointer to the new site. If anyone finds any problems on them, please let me know. thanks, -Alan - -- Alan McKay OS Support amckay at nortelnetworks.com Small Site Integration 613-765-6843 (ESN 395) Nortel Networks Internal : http://zftzb00d/alanmckay/ External : http://www.bodensatz.com/ All opinions expressed are my own. Return to table of contents
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