HOMEBREW Digest #5089 Thu 09 November 2006

[Prev HBD] [Index] [Next HBD] [Back]

		Digest Janitor: pbabcock at hbd.org


          Northern  Brewer, Ltd. Home Brew Supplies
Visit http://www.northernbrewer.com  to show your appreciation!
               Or call them at 1-800-681-2739

    Support those who support you! Visit our sponsor's site!
********** Also visit http://hbd.org/hbdsponsors.html *********

  RE: fusels and harshness ("Horzempa, Jack")
  Re: fruits and vegetables { (and what?) in beer } ("steve.alexander")
  SN Celebration Ale (JSC-NS\)[AND]" <steven.j.daniel@nasa.gov>
  Gump Time (& temp) ("steve.alexander")
  Dry yeast usage for different styles ("Lemcke, Keith")
  Brewing with Amarillo hops (David Thompson)
  Refrigerator vs. Freezer ("Janie Curry")
  Fort Collins Water Profile ("Janie Curry")
  Is Promash - The Sausalito Brewing Co. still around? ("Charlie")
  Re: Amarillo hops ("Brian Lundeen")

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * The HBD Logo Store is now open! * * http://www.hbd.org/store.html * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Suppport this service: http://hbd.org/donate.shtml * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Beer is our obsession and we're late for therapy! * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Send articles for __publication_only__ to post@hbd.org If your e-mail account is being deleted, please unsubscribe first!! To SUBSCRIBE or UNSUBSCRIBE send an e-mail message with the word "subscribe" or "unsubscribe" to request@hbd.org FROM THE E-MAIL ACCOUNT YOU WISH TO HAVE SUBSCRIBED OR UNSUBSCRIBED!!!** IF YOU HAVE SPAM-PROOFED your e-mail address, you cannot subscribe to the digest as we cannot reach you. We will not correct your address for the automation - that's your job. HAVING TROUBLE posting, subscribing or unsusubscribing? See the HBD FAQ at http://hbd.org. LOOKING TO BUY OR SELL USED EQUIPMENT? Please do not post about it here. Go instead to http://homebrewfleamarket.com and post a free ad there. The HBD is a copyrighted document. The compilation is copyright HBD.ORG. Individual postings are copyright by their authors. ASK before reproducing and you'll rarely have trouble. Digest content cannot be reproduced by any means for sale or profit. More information is available by sending the word "info" to req@hbd.org or read the HBD FAQ at http://hbd.org. JANITORs on duty: Pat Babcock (pbabcock at hbd dot org), Jason Henning, and Spencer Thomas
---------------------------------------------------------------------- Date: Thu, 9 Nov 2006 09:55:18 -0500 From: "Horzempa, Jack" <horzempa at drs-c3.com> Subject: RE: fusels and harshness I tried posting the below message last week (11/1/06). Hopefully it will get posted this time. I just wanted to provide some input to the discussion of fusels and 'harshness' that has been ongoing on the HBD. I have had numerous offline discussions with Fredrik and Peter Ensminger on this topic. I want to thank both of them for their gracious consideration of my numerous questions and comments. My primary motivation in this matter was curiosity on a Saison that I made this past summer (during a heat wave in the Philadelphia area); the beer had a less than pleasant aroma/flavor. During my discussions with Fredrik and Peter I described my Saison as having a winy aroma/flavor. I would not personally describe it as 'harsh' but perhaps others would. I was thinking that the problem was too much higher alcohols (i.e., fusels) since this beer was fermented under warm conditions (high 70's F), had a significant amount of candy sugar (3 lbs.), and had a high OG (1.062). Of course the higher fermentation temperature could also have caused excessive ethyl acetate instead (or in addition to the fusels)? It may be worthy to mention that the yeast strain was Wyeast 3787; Wyeast lists a recommended fermentation temperature of 64 - 78 degrees F for this strain. I fermented near the upper limit of 78 degrees F. During some research I became aware of the Beer Flavor Wheel which is on the Brewing Techniques web site. There is a description on this wheel of an aroma/flavor of "Alcoholic (spicy/vinous)". The descriptor of vinous (or winy) is consistent with my perception of the unpleasant aroma/flavor in my Saison. Based upon this input I made the 'translation' of vinous/winy = alcoholic = fusels. So, if indeed I have a fusel problem will it eventually mellow out? There is some input in the book by Al Korzonas (Homebrewing Volume I) which suggests that this could happen: "During aging, these higher alcohols will esterify in the presence of yeast and acids and create mostly fruity flavors." I emphasized the aspect of "yeast" since I think this may be one distinguishing feature between a homebrewed beer vs. a commercial beer (since most commercial beers do not have 'live' yeast in the bottle). In numerous posts by Steve Alexander (and some recent posts by Fredrik) there is discussion of chemistry which seems to indicate that it is unlikely that fusels will 'convert' to other compounds (e.g. esters). In my offline discussions to Fredrik I suggested that perhaps in a homebrewed beer the 'dynamics' of a beer mellowing may be more of a biochemistry phenomenon (vs. a 'regular' chemistry phenomenon) due the presence of yeast? Since I am not a biochemist (or a chemist) I do not have the academic background to postulate potential explanations to any of these phenomena. I bottled my Saison the end of July (7/29/06). I tried another bottle last night (10/31/06) since I thought it might be appropriate to have a scary beer on Halloween night. To my surprise the winy aroma/flavor was gone from my Saison! It was actually an enjoyable beer to drink (after drinking one I wanted another). So, it appears that after 3 months of aging the unpleasant aroma/flavor has mellowed out. I must say, that I am quite pleased that this happened. I look forward to seeing how this beer 'evolves' over the next few months (I suspect that I will have consumed most of this beer by Christmas time). So, I can provide one more data point that an unpleasant beer can indeed mellow out with time. So, the fundamental questions remain: Was the unpleasant aroma/flavor due to excess fusels or excess ethyl acetate (or perhaps both)? What is the explanation for why the fusels (or ethyl acetate or both) mellow with aging? Jack Horzempa King of Prussia, PA Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 09 Nov 2006 10:28:02 -0500 From: "steve.alexander" <-s at adelphia.net> Subject: Re: fruits and vegetables { (and what?) in beer } Peter A. Ensminger wrote: > I have always appreciated that botanists and cooks/chefs have > different opinions about fruits and vegetables. It's a different but overlapping definition I think, just as the oil on your salad isn't the stuff from container ships, tho' chemically ... > For a botanist (I am one! BS & PhD), a fruit is the product of a > ripened ovary *and associated parts* [see Gleason & Cronquist, 1991, > "Manual of Vascular Plants" and a gazillion other sources]. Thus, the > pumpkin, strawberry, watermelon, gourd, banana, fig, lingonberry, > pepper, and tomato are all fruits to a botanist. In the kitchen, I > treat the pumpkin, gourd, pepper, and tomato as vegetables. I accede to your technical definition and credentials Peter, although I have read other definitions that do not include the "associated parts" (clearly a 'too loose' definition). So wheat germ, sunflower seed and walnuts are called 'fruit' in your household ? Remind me NOT to sample the fruit punch at the Botanist's Ball ! Also since grains are clearly a fruit then all beers are fruit beers. Certainly this calls for a major revision of the beer style guidelines. The point remains that the technical definition of "fruit" is not applicable in the kitchen or brewery. The word-wonks (not Peter) that insist on the dredging up the irrelevant fact that pumpkin or tomato are fruits should take up a more useful activity like emailing all the netizens who write "lose" with two "o"'s. > Now that we're past pumpkin season and Thanksgiving season beckons, > how about some ideas for making a "cock ale"!?! Please, let's call it "rooster ale" to avoid alternate definitions ! I think I'll pass on Peter's ale too ;^) -S Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 9 Nov 2006 09:57:13 -0600 From: "Daniel, Steven J. \(JSC-NS\)[AND]" <steven.j.daniel at nasa.gov> Subject: SN Celebration Ale Is Sierra Nevada Celebration Ale (aka HOPS DAMMIT!) bottle conditioned? I noticed a fine layer of mung in the bottles of the newly released batch, but I don't remember it being this way in the past. The beer tastes fine, so I'm not worried - just curious. Steve Daniel Test Safety Officer Anadarko Industries, LLC work (281) 244-5656 fax (281) 483-3801 Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 09 Nov 2006 11:29:53 -0500 From: "steve.alexander" <-s at adelphia.net> Subject: Gump Time (& temp) Sincere Thanks for Rob M for his notes on a beer that literally went from worst to first. But ... I don't quite understand .... >> The beer was brewed 12.31.05, took the silver for B-wine at >> the 96 WBC >>in June, then the Gold at the GABF at the end of September. > > The beer continued to mellow for several years, though one could detect ... >>I think Siebel called it at 10.54 ABW when they analyzed it in 98. Now the way I interpret the calendar the brew date, 12.31.05, was just over 10 months ago, so the comment that it improved for several years and that it was tested in '98 indicates a pretty severe disturbance in the time-line. More likely 1995-ish as I recall the Gump/Bosco scenario. What year was it brewed ? I take it that this 24P=OG bruiser improved a lot in approximately 6 months. Well huge barleywines are certainly problematic in many ways - the potential for fusels and esters is huge. Achieving good attenuation is usually difficult. The concentration of phenolics make this a potential problem. They require massive hopping to offset the massive dextrin concentration. And tho' beer is a very forgiving medium of expression to ply one's art, it is also highly non-linear - with barleywines including several extremes. This leaves me more puzzled than enlightened, since the time for improvement was very very long and the factors more conentrated making slow chemical transitions more possible - and the other factor - temp was omitted. What were the storage temps like from brew to silver medal, Rob ? Did the fining agent and time sediment some awful flavors ? Did huge time + storage temp ester or fusel reaction to proceed ? Fine data point, but we need a few more. Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 9 Nov 2006 12:11:25 -0500 From: "Lemcke, Keith" <klemcke at siebelinstitute.com> Subject: Dry yeast usage for different styles I am with the sales & marketing department of Danstar yeast, and I am looking for input from brewers using our yeast varieties (Nottingham & Windsor) as to the beer styles you have successfully brewed with these strains. If you have any information you would like to share, please forward it to me at klemcke at lallemand.com. The information will be kept confidential and used only to build a better understanding of how home brewers are using these products. Thanks very much. Keith Lemcke Danstar & Lalvin Dry Yeast Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 09 Nov 2006 13:07:40 -0600 From: David Thompson <david at dtphoto.com> Subject: Brewing with Amarillo hops Fred L Johnson asks: >I've finally gotten my first opportunity to brew with Amarillo hops and >I'm looking for a nicely balanced recipe that features this variety. I >know many of you would recommend a highly hopped IPA to show off these >hops, but I have been too often disappointed with my highly hopped >brews, so I'm really looking for something a little more tame. >Any suggestions for an American Pale Ale? What if I just substituted >these hops in my Sierra Nevada clone recipe (which is usually quite >good)? I make a Texas Pale Ale with these hops. Basically it's like Sierra Nevada... 11 lbs 2-row 1 lb of Munich dark 1/2 lb crystal 90. Then I bitter with Magnum, which gives a silky smooth bitterness. Usually under an ounce of magnum. I first wort hop an ounce of Amarillo... and at flame out I drop in 2 more ounces. Wonderful ale. 1.00 ounce Amarillo First Wort Hop .40 ounce Magnum 13.7% AA 60 minutes 2.00 ounce Amarillo at flame out ~Dave Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 09 Nov 2006 22:01:11 +0000 From: "Janie Curry" <houndandcalico at hotmail.com> Subject: Refrigerator vs. Freezer I'm trying to decide whether it's best to purchase an upright refrigerator or an upright freezer for a lager cellar and kegerator for my garage brewery. I've noticed a lot of discussion about converting freezers to lager cellars using external temperature controllers. However, a number of posts to the HBD indicate that freezers will fail after a few years when used in this manner (shorter lifespan). Several manufactures now make upright refrigerators with no top freezer (16 cu feet or more). And, they state that the refrigerator can be used in a garage during winter weather (they have some sort of heater that prevents mechanical failure in cold climates). So, would it be best to buy a refrigerator that would hold a corny keg or two, CO2 bottle, and possibly a carboy for primary fermentation and control it using an external temp controller? Or, are freezers best suited for the job? I've considered buying the Frigedare Kegerator, but it is only 11 cubic feet or so, costs $700, and is not designed for use in a garage in the winter. Todd in Fort Collins Liquid Poets Homebrew Club Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 09 Nov 2006 22:50:34 +0000 From: "Janie Curry" <houndandcalico at hotmail.com> Subject: Fort Collins Water Profile I'd appreciate some help making sense of water chemistry analysis for Fort Collins CO. I'm interested in brewing all styles of beer. I don't have access to a balance or accurate set of gram scales (other than kitchen scales), so any recommendations for mineral additions will have to be in fractions of level teaspoons. Here is what I have from the City of Fort Collins: Alkalinity mg/L as CaCO3 37 Calcium mg/L as CaCO3 42.4 Chlorate mg/L <0.1 Chloride mg/L 2.5 Chlorite mg/L 0.1 Hardness mg/L as CaCO3 48.8 pH 7.91 Sulfate mg/L 12.0 Iron ug/L 18.0 Should I add anything to the mash? In previous brewing locations (Raleigh, NC and Boise ID and Turkey), I have had to adjust mash pH using food grade lactic acid. Mash pH seems to self adjust here in Fort Collins (pH 5.3-5.5, sample taken from kettle just after mash in and cooled to room temp). How about kettle additions? How could I improve mouth feel for ales? Thanks in advance. Todd in Fort Collins Liquid Poets Homebrew Club Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 9 Nov 2006 17:01:19 -0600 From: "Charlie" <charlybill at aircanopy.net> Subject: Is Promash - The Sausalito Brewing Co. still around? Since my computer crashed and has been replaced I need to download Promash again. Have been to the website but couldn't find where to download again. My email address has changed since last time I visited the site. I have tried contacting them but have not been able to get a reply from email or phone calls, I have been trying for two weeks now. Does anyone know if they are on holiday, closed for business or something? Any help would be appreciated. Thanks, Charlie Walker Old Okra Brewery Lancaster, TX Charlybill at aircanopy dot net Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 9 Nov 2006 18:35:50 -0600 From: "Brian Lundeen" <blundeen at mts.net> Subject: Re: Amarillo hops > Date: Tue, 7 Nov 2006 23:02:07 -0500 > From: Fred L Johnson <FLJohnson52 at nc.rr.com> > Subject: Amarillo hops > > I've finally gotten my first opportunity to brew with > Amarillo hops and I'm looking for a nicely balanced recipe > that features this variety. I know many of you would > recommend a highly hopped IPA to show off these hops, but I > have been too often disappointed with my highly hopped brews, > so I'm really looking for something a little more tame. > > Any suggestions for an American Pale Ale? What if I just > substituted these hops in my Sierra Nevada clone recipe > (which is usually quite good)? > It can only improve it. Cascade... Spit! One of my favorite recipes for an APA used Centennial and Perle for bitterness and flavour, and Amarillo and Hallertau for flavour and aroma. As the old recipe saying goes, add to taste. I'm sure the style purists will take me to task for this, but I also like using the citrusy hop varieties (well, not Cascade... Spit!) in Wits. Call me an iconoclast, just don't call me late for happy hour. Cheers Brian, in Winnipeg, Canada (coordinates available if Jeff is still the center of the homebrewing universe) with homage to a chalk-hating Kiwi Return to table of contents
[Prev HBD] [Index] [Next HBD] [Back]
HTML-ized on 11/10/06, by HBD2HTML v1.2 by KFL
webmaster@hbd.org, KFL, 10/9/96