HOMEBREW Digest #1157 Mon 07 June 1993

Digest #1156 Digest #1158

		Rob Gardner, Digest Coordinator

  Foam With Kegs; Forced Carbonation (Mark Parshall)
  Brewing Techniques & Book Reviews (Jeff Frane)
  what happens when you aerate fermenting wort? (biogeek)
  Cloudy Hose and Stainless Steel (SMUCKER)
  in defence of George Fix (Ed Hitchcock)
  Propane Cooker (Chris Estes)
  Red Star Yeast (George J Fix)
  Anagrams... (drose)
  Sam Adams revisited (shane)
  A Hop question. (Ford Prefect)
  Faster all-grain ("Spencer W. Thomas")
  Mashing times (John Freeman)
  EASYMASHER vs easy masher (Jack Schmidling)
  Lagering with A Hunter Airstat (Lee=A.=Menegoni)
  Re: Garlic Beer Inquiry (Richard Stueven)
  Hop Utilization ("Bob Jones" )
  stovetops, fermented black beans (Jonathan G Knight)
  The stick I buried won't grow and other stories (Ulick Stafford)
  SS and Phosphoric Acid (korz)
  RE: Hunter Airstat Modification (mkenny)
  Garlic in Beer: Not meant to be. (Mark Taratoot)
  Paulaner Salvator recipe (David Pike)
  Temperature Controllers (Darren Evans-Young)
  sanitizer (DAMON_NOEL/HP0800_01)
  Hunter Air-Stat too precise... (Mark Garetz)
  Calcium Chloride Source? (Darren Evans-Young)
  Iodine test (Darren Evans-Young)
  SS kegs,  beer fests in So. CA (John Fitzgerald)

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---------------------------------------------------------------------- Date: Thu, 3 Jun 1993 17:09:37 -0700 From: markus at pyramid.com (Mark Parshall) Subject: Foam With Kegs; Forced Carbonation In HBD# 1155 John (isenhour at lambic.fnal.gov) writes: >I believe that problems may arise when brewers use a bleach solution that is >too concentrated. I started kegging in 1978 using cornelius style kegs and ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ [stuff deleted] >bartending experience prior to the use of these kegs where I learned about ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ I read John's posting in HBD #1155 and took this opportunity to tap into his 15 years of experience kegging beer (pun intended). I have put together a Cornelius keg setup in a fridge and have kegged 4 batches so far. The problem is that when I try to artificially carbonate the beer (I tried the 1/3 cup sugar method and didn't get adequate carbonation) I end up getting a lot of foam when I dispense the beer. I have talked to several people on the subject and get various answers to my questions. I have noticed that if I lower the dispensing pressure to ~5 psi I will not get near as much foam although at around a 45 deg F ambient storage temperature (sorry, I've tried the 55 deg F celler temp common in UK but I just can't get used to drinking anything but stouts at that temperature) I can't seem to keep enough CO2 in solution to maintain adequate carbonation and the flow is pretty slow. Another guy told me that ~10 psi is what a lot of people use to dispense and the rule of thumb is to shoot for a flow rate of around 1-gal/min. At 10 psi I definitely get a lot of foam. I am using 1/4" I.D hose and have one of those cheapy "picnic type" faucets like you see on the rental units from your local liquor store. I am beginning to think at least part of the problem might be associated with the flow through this faucet (the restriction at the QD fitting of the Cornelius keg probably doesn't help either). I am planning to order some real faucets from Specialty Products and make a more permanent installation. One guy I talked to claimed that in order to properly carbonate the beer you have to 1) Cool the beer below 40 deg F; 2) Crank the CO2 up to 40-50 psi; 3) "Shake the shit out of it" for 10-15 minutes (I assume this means periodically over 15 minutes time). I haven't tried this method yet as I have read that this is indeed a way to do it but is more intended for getting beer carbonated quickly; The way I have been going about it is to 1) Chill to below 40 deg F; 2) Crank the CO2 up to 25-30 psi; 3) let it sit for 3-5 days under presure (with the CO2 valve open). Again this gets me adequate carbonation but gives me the foam problem. Maybe part of the problem might be related to the fact that when I actually go to dispense the beer after letting it carbonate I lower the CO2 regulator to 10 psi and "burp" the excess presure out of the keg. One guy told me this sudden pressure change may be the problem but I have gotten the same results if I carbonate and dispense at a common pressure of 10 psi. The guy at the local beer store claims that the "head pressure" has to be pretty much equal to the "pressure" trying to rise up out of solution and that even a difference of +/- 1-2 psi can cause problems. I am hardly a physics expert but I would think that these pressures would reach an equilibrium on their own (over time). I am also thinking if the pressure difference was *that* critical, this would be a much more common problem and would therefore be asked more frequently on the HBD. All the people I have talked to say that they have never had a problem with foaming. Also, this problem of not being able to keep the beer carbonated at low storage pressures and the foam problem at high pressures makes me wonder how people get away with the "demand cooling" approach using cold plates, etc. How can the beer stay carbonated when stored at temperatures approaching and exceeding room temperature and not foam when dispensed? Is it possible the CO2 will re-dissolve back into solution spontaneously in the cooling coils or some such? Once I get my foam problem solved I was thinking about putting one of these things together for portable use. Lastly, I was wondering how to control bacterial growth in beer dispensing faucets if they were used less frequently (once or twice a week)? Will the mold (or whatever) grow in just the nozzle or will it spread throughout the dispensing hose? Is there a way to prevent or retard this process without having to disconnect and flush the line after each use. I would greatly appreciate any help that anyone could give on any of the above questions. Thanks in advance, Mark-- - -- -m------- Mark Parshall ---mmm----- Pyramid Technology Corporation -----mmmmm--- markus at pyramid.com or {decwrl,hplabs,sun,uunet}!pyramid!markus - -------mmmmmmm- VOICE: 408/428-8462 FAX: 408/428-8210 Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 3 Jun 1993 09:52:48 -0700 (PDT) From: gummitch at techbook.com (Jeff Frane) Subject: Brewing Techniques & Book Reviews In addition to Martin Lodahl's comments on whether Brewing Techniques will review books published by other than the Association of Brewers: like, f'rinstance? A major reality: AofB is publishing the bulk of homebrew- or even micro-brew related books right now. It would be dishonest to avoid them and would also mean cutting down severely on the book reviews. So publish something, folks! A week or so ago someone asked if there was an e-mail connection for BT. No. But considering some of the people involved, I wouldn't be surprised if Steve broke down and got a connection -- really soon. Those of you out there who know him: keep nagging. - --Jeff Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 03 Jun 93 21:30:04 EDT From: biogeek at aol.com Subject: what happens when you aerate fermenting wort? While racking my latest concoction, a strawberry ale, into the carboy I splashed the wort around a lot. The problem was that my hoses were all cruddy so I figured (perhaps mistakenly) that I should just pour the wort through a filter funnel into the waiting carboy. As the wort was splashing around, something from the deep recesses of my mind remembered Papazian saying something about how doing this was a BAD thing. Does anyone know why this is so bad? Will my precious brew survive? Thanks, Daniel Katz, crazed student, homebrewer, armadillo Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 03 Jun 1993 21:36:53 -0400 (EDT) From: SMUCKER at UTKVX.UTCC.UTK.EDU Subject: Cloudy Hose and Stainless Steel To clear cloudy hose wrap it in a large sheet of clean paper, brown paper or a paper bag is OK. Seal with tape and place in you oven at 200 deg F. for 30 to 60 minutes. Your hose will clear and if you keep it sealed will be ready to use when you break the seal. On the discussion of stainless steels while 304 and 316 are both used, 304 being the most common, it is very likely that the welds are made with type 308 or 308-L. Corrosion is most likely in the weld or in the heat effected zone next to the weld. Like Fix I don't like bleach in contact with the stainless I pay for and want to use for years. Dave Smucker, Brewing Beer not making jelly!! Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 04 Jun 1993 10:30:09 -0300 From: Ed Hitchcock <ECH at ac.dal.ca> Subject: in defence of George Fix Donald Oconnor writes: > If I understand George correctly, he believes repeated use with a bleach >solution known to be safe, will eventually cause harm. Poor logic. If we >drink a beer a day for 40 years, we won't die from alcohol poisoning. I think George has the logic correct: If you land your canoe on the beach once nothing happens. Land it on the beach a thousand times and the bottom of your boat will be scraped away. And if I may correct your first sentence, it should read: "...repeated use with a bleach solution _believed_ to be safe _may_ eventually cause harm." Neither is a certainty, but better safe than sorry. ed ____________ Ed Hitchcock/Dept of Anatomy & Neurobiology/Dalhousie University/Halifax NS ech at ac.dal.ca +-------------------------------------------------------+ | I object to that comment! I know several pinheads | | and they are fully functional members of society! | +-------------------------------------------------------+ Eschew Labudmilloorsonhead Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 4 Jun 93 09:21:31 -0400 From: cestes at argos5.DNET.NASA.GOV (Chris Estes) Subject: Propane Cooker Hi All... We're getting ready to move into our new house next month. My brewing activities have been banished to the basement! That works well, except that I don't relish the idea of carrying 5 gallons of wort down the stairs after cooking. Add that to the fact that the new house has an electric stove and things look grim. I'd like everyone's input on what kind of propane cooker to get. I only make beer in 5 gallon batches, so I don't need a surplus Saturn V motor up-ended! What's best? What kind of gas do I use? How much should I expect to spend? Can I use it in the basement, or do I have to step out- side on the patio? Will I have to build a stand to hold my brewpot, or will it come with something sturdy enough? You get the idea; I'm totally in the dark on these things! TIA for everyone's help (I'm indebted to all for similar advice last year on the purchase of my kegging setup. "I'll never wash another bottle!"). Please e-mail directly or post here if you think it'll be of social benefit! Thanks, -Chris Estes- =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= Chris Estes | (301)925-4411 Manager of Production & Operations | ARGOS5::CESTES (6776) Service ARGOS | CESTES at argos5.dnet.nasa.gov 1801 McCormick Drive, Suite 10 | Landover, MD 20785 | =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= PGP is good. Let's all use it. - -----BEGIN PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK----- Version: 2.1 mQBNAit31v8AAAECAOJ+K1Tc3oD6OnPsJ59zAOYhoy6pwvcW9Jq7928YDOL5lL/W 5jw0cOKV1v6ZGViLiD4vPmABFo5VlV7SJedX6C0ABRG0KUNocmlzIEVzdGVzIDxj ZXN0ZXNAYXJnb3M1LmRuZXQubmFzYS5nb3Y+ =7XLK - -----END PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK----- Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 4 Jun 93 08:24:19 -0500 From: gjfix at utamat.uta.edu (George J Fix) Subject: Red Star Yeast The production of Red Star ale and lager dry yeast by Universal Foods of Milwaukee was terminated a few years ago because consumer dissatisfaction with these products. At the beginning of 1993 Larry Noakowski of Universal and Crosby + Baker entered into discussions about bringing these products back with new and improved production procedures. There was general agreement that yeast samples would be tested, and any production batch that did not meet standards would be sent back to Universal. Eventually Dr. Jim Foy of Universal and I came to an agreement about what precisely these standards would be. In particular, they are exactly the ones I gave in my article "Evaluation of Pitching Yeast" which appeared in the 1992 edition of Beer and Brewing. Dr. Foy decided to start with an ale strain AHY 43391. It is a different strain than was used previously, and my background checks indicate that it possibly may be one of the strains in the Tanner collection. These were used in small and medium sized commercial brewing in the first half of the 20th century. Two different evaluations were made. The first was on yeast produced in Dr. Foy's lab in Milwaukee, and the second was on yeast from a full production run at Universal's plant in Baltimore. The detailed analysis can be found in reports to C+B. The following is a summary: 1. Lactics - Some rods were detected in the lab sample, but the total lactic count satisfied our criteria of <1 cell per million viable yeast cells. The HLP analysis of the production yeast showed a nil count. Both Dr. Foy and Larry Noakowski anticipated this result. The production run was done under sterile conditions, while the lab sample was produced in a standard laboratory environment. 2. Viability - This is a strong point of fresh dry yeast. Less than 10% of the cells stained with Rhodamine B, indicating >90% viability. Dr. Foy and I are recommending the following hydration procedure: a. Use 14 grams of dry yeast per 5 gallons of brew. ***Rigorously*** sterilize everything used in the hydration procedure. b. Add the dry yeast to 1/4 - 1/2 cup of water at 90F. Higher temperatures are not needed with yeast like this which have a high % viability. Leave for 15 mins. c. Combine the hydrated yeast with 1-2 gallons of wort that is as close to the wort to be fermented as possible. I took samples from the main wort at the end of the mash/sparge and rapid boiled and rapid cooled it. This was used for the starter wort. d. Aerate the starter as much as possible under of course sanitary conditions. e. Don't forget to properly oxygenate the main wort once it is chilled. f. Pitch the starter into the main wort once the latter has been chilled to the recommended fermentation temperature (65-68F). Yeast with this type of viability will result in minimal lags. The longest I experienced in my test brews was 2 hrs. 3. Attenuation - Red Star's old ale strain was reported to be a poor attenuator. This is not the case for AHY 43391. One can expect an ADF in the 76-78% range. 4. Flavor - This strain leaves a clean, slightly dry finish with a gentle fruity tone. A German style wheat ale was brewed with it, and entered in the recent competition in Kenosa, Wisc. It took first place in the mixed ale category with scores of 41 and 42. The judges were Cheryl and Jay Schultz (certified). Copies of the score sheets were sent to C+B along with my reports. 5. General Recommendations - I feel this is an excellent yeast for beginning and intermediate brewers. It will not contribute the sophisticated flavors that many strains available in liquid form and slants do. On the other hand, if proper sanitation is used, this strain will not contribute anything ugly or unpleasant either. This is a yeast where the malt and hops used, and the way they are processed, will define the finished beer's flavors. As I hope was clear from my first post, I am being paid by C+B standard consulting rates to do this work. I also do similar work for others. I am not, however, involved in the distribution, marketing, or sales of this or any other products for that matter. In this particular case, this is actually something I regret. I fear C+B is going to retain "Red Star" on the label. If I had a vote, which I do not, I would call this new strain "Pasteur Ale Yeast" in analogly with Universal's widely used, and indeed first rate, champagne yeast. I have really enjoyed being on this forum, and I have posted the C+B material because I thought it might be of interest. There are, on the the other hand, some distinctly unpleasant elements on HBD that makes it anything other than fun. Perhaps it is the special nature of this type of communication which brings out these things. George Fix Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 4 Jun 93 10:34:18 EDT From: drose at husc.harvard.edu Subject: Anagrams... Greetings: OK, OK, I give up. What is a RIMS? And while I'm at it, what is a GRANT? Private e-mail if it seems like I'm the only one who doesn't know these terms.... dave rose. Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 4 Jun 1993 07:42 PDT From: shane <DEICHMAN at perch.nosc.mil> Subject: Sam Adams revisited Fellow zymurgophiles: It keeps getting strangerer and strangerer -- a Sam Adams spot heard last week on a local radio station (San Diego, Calif.) had our pal Mr. Koch telling the listeners that his beer had been chosen as the "Best Beer in America" at the GABF, "THREE years running." (emphasis added) Now, I've heard those commercials where he sez "four years...," and even heard one after the 3 yr. promo. Looks like Madison Avenue has got a few ads out that they don't want to pull, and that Mr. Koch has taken some of the uproar to heart... (however, even in the "3 yrs running" spot, he still tells us that Sam Adams is the only U.S. beer imported into Germany). -shane <deichman at perch.nosc.mil> - -------------------------------------------------------- oOooOOO Relax! Don't Worry! ooOOOO|\ oo || Have a homebrew! ....ooO|____|/ - -------------------------------------------------------- Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 4 Jun 93 08:35:26 -0700 From: sag5004 at yak.ca.boeing.com (Ford Prefect) Subject: A Hop question. I asked a question recently about a belgium like (I think) style, and some previous bumblings with trying to make a barley wine... Just made me have more questions. I realise that when the wort first comes to a boil there is no hot break yet. I have been told (or read I can't remember) that adding hops before the hot break will cause them to be coated protein goop and not allow for as much utilization as one might hope for. There also seems to be a debate about the use of low alpha acid hops for bittering. I there any information out there that could tell me if there are any know differences between adding the hops at the start of the boil, and waiting a bit till it really gets going and hot break has occured? Also what properties do the hops contribute to the beer when you add the bitter hops at first boil so they can get all goobered up with the proteins? I am not paniced, just curious. Thanks a bunch. stuart galt boeing computer services sag5004 at yak.boeing.com bellvue washington (206) 865-3764 or home (206) 361-0190 #include <standard/disclaim.h> I don't know what they say, they don't know what I say... Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 4 Jun 93 11:52:09 EDT From: "Spencer W. Thomas" <Spencer.W.Thomas at med.umich.edu> Subject: Faster all-grain In the search for faster all-grain brewing, I'd like to put forth something I tried this weekend. I made two (5-gal) batches of beer, an IPA and a Porter, from a single mash. It worked like this: Mash-in 20 lbs (turned out to be too much) pale ale malt and a little crystal malt at 67C. Mash for 1.5 hours (on suggestion of Foster in _Pale Ale_), mash out to 77C, sparge 4 gallons, dilute with 2 gallons, start boiling it. Meanwhile, add .5lb chocolate malt, .25lb black patent, .75lb crystal malt to mash tun, add 77C water as needed, steep 30min. Sparge 6 gal porter while IPA is boiling (60 min boil). Bring Porter to boil, start chilling IPA. Rack IPA to primary carboy, combine 2 smaller pots of Porter into large boiling pot (that had IPA in it), finish Porter boil. Chill & rack Porter. Pitch 1qt yeast starter into each (using same yeast for both, in this case). Clean up. Total elapsed time, from starting mash water heating, to end of clean up, about 7 hours. Wait, you say, that's a long time! Yes, but I got two batches of beer, so it's only 3.5 hours each. Also, I'm don't consider myself an "experienced" all-grain brewer, and it's only slightly longer than I have taken for my other 5 gal batches. There are some opportunities for making it shorter: * Overlap heating the initial strike water with some other activity. This takes almost an hour on my 11,000 BTU stove burner. * Shorten the mash. 1.5 hours is pretty long. * Get a more powerful burner. This would shorten the initial water heating period and the time to bring the first wort to a boil. * Get a second 8 gal pot. Except I don't know if my stove could really hold 2 of them. It seems to me that the critical path in this is: heat strike water-mash-sparge 1-boil 1-chill 1-finish boil 2-chill 2- finish clean up. Certain things are irreducible: the mash has a minimum length (30 min???) The boil need to be 60min to for best hop utilization, etc. I don't think it would be too hard to get it down to 5 hours for two batches, though. How did the beer come out? Well, it's still fermenting. But I did use too much malt: I got an IPA at 1.064 and a robust Porter at 1.060! And I probably could have bottled several pints of starter solution -- the gravity of the wort stream when I stopped sparging the Porter was still 1.025 (temperature corrected, of course). =Spencer W. Thomas | Info Tech and Networking, B1911 CFOB, 0704 "Genome Informatician" | Univ of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 Spencer.W.Thomas at med.umich.edu | 313-764-8065, FAX 313-764-4133 Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 4 Jun 93 11:02:53 CDT From: jlf at palm.cray.com (John Freeman) Subject: Mashing times I've posted this before, but the question of making mashing more efficient came up again, so... I drew up this PERT chart long ago to determine what could be done in parallel. I have mashed in as little as 3 1/2 hours - I had no homebrew to drink while I was doing it... With homebrew, it takes a little longer. I tried to draw this to scale, each column representing about three minutes, each task placed approximately where it belongs in time. The straight line represents the critical path, the things you cannot hurry: heating, mashing, boiling, cooling. One of the best speedups you can make is to sparge into your boiler while applying heat (at J). |-5|-30-|------------90---------------|--15-|--------60--------|----20---|-5-| D /----------H------------\ - /-------------Q /-T-\ / \ / \ / \ / \ / \ C \ F \ K \ N \ S \ A-B-----E-----------------------------J-----M-P---------------P-R---------VWX \ / \ L O / \ / \ / \ / \ / \ / G-----------------------I - \-------------/ \-U-/ A. Clean mash tun, measure mash water. B. Heat mash water. C. Assemble grains, scale, grain mill, etc. D. Crack grains. E. Mash. F. Clean up from cracking. G. Relax. H. Measure and heat sparge water. I. Clean and set up sparge equipment. J. Sparge into boiler. K. Heat wort to boil. L. Weigh hops. M. Boil wort. N. Clean up sparge equipment. O. Proof yeast (dry) or take wort sample for yeast starters. P. Add hops to boil. Q. Clean and set up wort chiller. R. Chill wort. S. Put hydrometer and thermometer in wort. T. Put away materials. U. Clean boiler, strainer, etc. V. Pitch Yeast. W. Clean wort chiller. X. Relax. Relax. Relax. Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 4 Jun 93 12:10 CDT From: arf at genesis.mcs.com (Jack Schmidling) Subject: EASYMASHER vs easy masher > johnc at hprpcd.rose.hp.com >Subject: EASYMASH & MALTMILL > I decided what the heck, I'll make an EASYMASHER and see what happens. Just for the record, EASYMASHER (like MALTMILL) is a registered trademark and technically, can not be "made" by any entity other than JSP. However, I encourage you all to make "easy mashers" to your heart's content. What better way to stimulate the need for a mill. > I did, however, have to recirculate about 1 gal to get a clear beer, but that is much better than the copper manifold (about 3 gal). As I claim that the runoff runs clear after a few ounces, I thought it was worth exchanging mail with John to see what the "problem" might be. Turns out the spigot he selected has a 3/8" flow through and the one I use has a 1/8". The flow through is defined as the smallest passage in the system, sort of like Kirchoff's law in current flow. The smaller opening restricts the maximum flow and seems to be the key to speedy clearing. Even with my smaller flow, I only crack it slightly until it runs clear and then run it at this rate for a while before opening it full. Actually, I open it full just to clear the big stuff and then close it down. Although a 1/8" flow doesn't sound like much, when several feet of 3/8" hose are connected to the spigot, the rate is about 10 min per gallon and provides a typical sparge rate. This is not a condemnation of larger spigots, just a suggesting of how to get a clear runnoff more quickly when using one. To repeat, open it to clear the big stuff then close it down to a trickle until it runs clear and then gradually open it wider as needed. js Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 4 Jun 93 12:06:47 EDT From: Lee=A.=Menegoni at nectech.com Subject: Lagering with A Hunter Airstat A Hunter Airstat is a fine device for homebrewers to use for a temperature controlled environment. The 40F limitation really isn't a problem unless one is trying to do an extended lagering near 32F. I generally ferment at 45F, diacetyl rest at 48F and lager at 40F. I really don't have the time or space to do a March to October Fest Bier fermentation. When I need temps near 32F I bypass the Hunter and use the temp control on the fridge which I have marked with the setting for 34F. My fridge happens to have a relly good control that goes to eleven. The only time I set it for the low 30s is to clarify beer, both prior to racking to a keg and the first few days its in the keg. One needs to take appropriate caution when doing an extended low temp lagering to ensure that you don't get yeast autolysis. Another important part of producing a lager is proper wort chilling to inhibit DMS production and a wort pitch temp at fermentation temp to minimize production of diacetyl and esters. Low temp lagering is another piece of the delicate puzzle we call lager beer. Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 4 Jun 1993 10:48:41 -0700 From: Richard Stueven <gak at wrs.com> Subject: Re: Garlic Beer Inquiry Lou Casagrande asks: >Does anyone have any advice on the best stage at which to add the >garlic? In HBD# 757, I wrote: Date: Wed, 6 Nov 91 08:14:52 PST From: Richard.Stueven at Corp.Sun.COM (Richard Stueven) Subject: Garlic Beer Due to numerous requests (four, to be exact) here's the "recipe" for gak & laurel's Garlic Beer: We didn't keep any notes on the garlic beer, so here's my best recollection: 6# plain light extract syrup (hopped? who knows...) 2oz Cascade leaf (60 min) 2oz Cascade leaf (10 min) one Big Thing of garlic (maybe half the size of your fist) Whitbread dry ale yeast The procedure is the same as for any simple extract beer. Chop up the garlic and throw it into the boil for the full 60 minutes. If you don't want quite so much garlic flavor, strain the garlic bits out before racking (we didn't). To which I'll add: Avoid this recipe. It was a particularly nasty beer...simply awful. have fun gak Richard Stueven, Castro Valley CA gak & gerry's garage, brewery, hockey haven and pinball palace Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 2 Jun 93 07:36:55 PDT From: "Bob Jones" <bjones at novax.llnl.gov> Subject: Hop Utilization I commend Glenn Tinseth's work on hop utilization! I have been looking for this type of info for years. Rager's numbers are a good first cute, however I think it's about time for the second cut. Keep up the good work, were all waiting for the results, that I assume will be published here first. Please don't tease us and then make us wait for the results in a Zymurgy special issue or Brewing Techniques. Formal publishing is also a good idea. Bob Jones Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 4 Jun 93 13:07:31 cdt From: Jonathan G Knight <KNIGHTJ at GRIN.EDU> Subject: stovetops, fermented black beans Here's my two bits on cruddy stovetops. bit #1: it seems to me that a lot of the crud comes not from actual boil- overs, but rather from various kinds of condensation and dripping. I wouldn't be surprised if some of it is simply from goopy steam condensing on the top of the stove (the scientists in the crowd are invited to blast this to smithereens if untrue) - but beyond that, if you just have a regular ole gas stove and you like to boil four gallons or so, as I do, then you have to keep the pot partially covered to maintain a good rolling boil (or is this a momily?). The steam that condenses on the lip of the lid on the side that sticks out over the edge of the pot then dribbles down the side of the pot, into the eye of the stove where it gets nicely cooked! bit #2: I haven't tried sloshing the top of the stove with water, or with dish soap, prior to brewing. Both ideas have been suggested in HBD and I certainly think they are worth trying. As an alternative to oven cleaner for the top of the stove (AFTER making a mess), may I suggest the more environmentally-friendly (not to mention epidermally-friendly) baking-soda- and-water solution? Just let it sit on the crud for a while, then most of it comes right up. For the worst of it you may need steel wool and elbow grease. But seriously, baking soda works great. I've also used it to clean greasy car batteries, and yes, also ovens! This is not a beer-related question except that it involves fermentation. I have seen several chinese recipes which call for fermented black beans. I love black beans, and I love fermenting, so I'd like to make my own. Does anyone out there have the slightest idea how to go about this??? T.I.A. Jonathan Knight Grinnell, Iowa Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 4 Jun 93 13:27:52 EST From: Ulick Stafford <ulick at brahms.helios.nd.edu> Subject: The stick I buried won't grow and other stories A few day ago I posted to r.c.b and received no repsonse. Basically I buried a Rhizome an inch deep 2 weeks ago and nothing has peeped up yet. Comments? Is it dead or did I dod something wrong (I planted it horizontally). Second comment is related, but there is a hop growing article that makes occasional appearence here, and a yeast washing article is often requested on r.c.b. Could these be stored in stanford/sierra/pub/ homebrew/docs? If they are in a different directory there, let me know. Thirdly, js commented about the lack of need for pH meters, but if you have the soft water supply that comes from the large natural reservoir (that is our sewer) that Chicago uses, pH adjustement is not necessary. The hard ground water I use requires considerable adjustement unless around 1.5 lb of black stuff is used in a batch. I will concur that a pH meter (cheapo) is a pain in the butt, and I am happier using those awful cheap 5-6 papers everyone complains about. Fourthly, I must thank Rafael Busto for his joke. AS the saying goes it was so funny that the first time I heard it, I fell off my wooly mammoth. __________________________________________________________________________ 'Heineken!?! ... F#$% that s at &* ... | Ulick Stafford, Dept of Chem. Eng. Pabst Blue Ribbon!' | Notre Dame IN 46556 | ulick at darwin.cc.nd.edu Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 4 Jun 93 14:16 CDT From: korz at iepubj.att.com Subject: SS and Phosphoric Acid Don writes: >George Fix uses a sanitizer containing phosphoric acid for his 304 stainless >kegs. Phosphoric acid reacts quite severely with 304 stainless. should Back to Cole-Parmer... Phosphoric Acid (<=40%) No effect on 304 Stainless Steel Phosphoric Acid (<=40%) Minor effect on 316 Stainless Steel Phosphoric Acid (<=40%) No effect on 440 Stainless Steel below 120F Phosphoric Acid (>40%) No effect on 304 Stainless Steel below 120F Phosphoric Acid (>40%) Minor effect on 316 Stainless Steel Phosphoric Acid (>40%) Minor effect on 440 Stainless Steel below 120F Also, the 23rd item on page 1184 is Benzaldehyde, still no sight of Chlorox... Are we using the same 1991-1992 Cole-Parmer catalog? Al. Return to table of contents
Date: 4 Jun 93 19:25:58 GMT From: mkenny at bcm1g01.attmail.com Subject: RE: Hunter Airstat Modification In HBD1156 Bruce Ray asks how to modify a Hunter Airstat to maintain temperatures below 40F. I originally posted this last November and have been using it with the mod very happily ever since. I use the airstat to control a 13cf chest freezer. I put the airstat in a manual "HOLD" mode and simply set the temperature up or down as desired. The airstat is designed to control a compressor driven refrigeration device (a room air conditioner) so it is right at home with a refrigerator or freezer. It turns the attached unit on when it senses a temperature 2 degrees above the setting and off 1 degree below the setting. It has a built-in timer with a 4 minute delay to keep the attached unit from cycling too rapidly. At 45F my freezer runs less than 2 hours total in a 24 hour period and about 3 hours at 35F. You cannot change the Air Stat range but you can offset the sensor calibration. In other words, performing the following modification will allow you to set the Airstat at 40F yet the fridge/freezer temp will be maintained at 35F. The sensor is a thermister that provides 10K ohms of resistance at 25 degrees C. According to the thermister data sheet, at 32 degrees F the resistance is 27.28K and 22.05K at 41 degrees F. The resistance decreases as the temperature rises so if you make the air stat think the sensor is 22k when its really 25k the air stat will say 41 but the sensor temp will be around 35 degrees F. This is done by simply putting more resistance in parallel with the sensor. Using ohms law, Rt = 22K, Rth = 25K (Thermister), and Rp (parallel resistor) = Rth (25K) * Rt (22K) -------------------- = 183K Ohms Rth (25K) - Rt (22K) With this resistor in place the the range of the air stat is effectively shifted about 5 degrees lower. Just keep in mind that the temperature reading on the air stat will not match the fridge temp. The thermisters change in resistance is not linear. It will change about 20k ohms going from -13F to -4F and only 2k ohms going from 68F to 77F. Therefore the desired range of use should be considered before determining the magnitude of offset. Although, in the 12 degree swing between 33F and 45F this should not pose a problem. /------------------------------------------\ |----------| | Airstat |-----------------| | \ | | | 12 : 00 40 | | / Sensor |----------|--(a) |---| |-----------------| | \ | | / |----------|--(b) | \ | |----\ |-----------------| | |----------| | | | H | M | D | | |----/ /-----\ |-----|------|----| | Submini spst | / | | \ | PROG| HOLD | U | | Switch >>> | * | | | | |-----|------|----| | (c) | | \ O / | /\ | \/ | R | | | \-----/ |-----------------| | \------------------------------------------/ 180K (a) ------/\/\/\/------o \o----| (c) | (b) --------------------------- I installed a 180K ohm resister in series with a sub-mini spst toggle switch mounted on the front panel just left of the AC outlet and below the pocket that holds the sensor. It is fairly easy to do since the sensor leads are readily accessible. This switch lets me use the airstat normally above 40 degrees when off and down to 34-35 when on. The airstat seems to sample the sensor about every 5-10 seconds and will indicate the change in this timeframe. Cheers, Mike Kenny Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 04 Jun 1993 13:54:29 -0600 (MDT) From: Mark Taratoot <SLNDW at CC.USU.EDU> Subject: Garlic in Beer: Not meant to be. Greetings. In HBD 1156, Lou Casagrande asks about garlic beer. Well, I made one (12 oz) bottle of the stuff. I put a peeled clove of garlic into one bottle of a golden amber ale that I had brewed (at bottling time.) We split this beer between 5 people for tasting. After we had all tasted it, there were still 11 ounces left. The stuff was bad. And I LOVE garlic (I usually move the decimal place in recipes calling for garlic so I increase the garlic content by an order of magnitude). Nobody liked this beer. And 3 of us liked the jalapeno beers we had made previously. But, by all means, try it. You might like it. Just don't expect too much. -toot Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 4 Jun 93 14:24:08 PDT From: davep at cirrus.com (David Pike) Subject: Paulaner Salvator recipe All right HBDer's, I'm looking for a Salvator clone recipe. All grain, extract, whatever you have. We have the technology to brew any recipe. I'll summerize the private responses back to the HBD. Thank you. Dave Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 04 Jun 93 18:15:55 CDT From: Darren Evans-Young <DARREN at UA1VM.UA.EDU> Subject: Temperature Controllers Steve Septer: I have a 23 cu ft chest freezer that I use a temp controller I got from William's for $49. It has a range from 20F-80F with a 4 degree temperature differential. When set to 50F, it will cool to 46F, shut off, then wait for the temp to rise back to 50F before it comes on again. I'm very happy with it. Darren Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 4 Jun 93 21:35:00 +0000 From: DAMON_NOEL/HP0800_01 at mailhub.cs.itc.hp.com Subject: sanitizer I have been using a product called "Starsan" which I obtained from a local brewpub which uses it in sanitizing their stainless equipment on a continual basis. I have to believe that it is not only effective, but also harmless in continuing use to their equipment. I was told that it is a phosphoric acid product, but no mention was made of iodine content. I use it as prescribed, 6 ml per gallon. At this concentration it does not require a rinse and seems to have no taste (I tried it straight, at the use concentration...some people will drink anything!). It's been very effective on bottles, tuns, counterflow chillers, etc. Does anyone know what the nature of this product really is? I can recommend it without reservation based on experience. Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 4 Jun 93 16:35:36 PDT From: Mark Garetz <mgaretz at hoptech.com> Subject: Hunter Air-Stat too precise... Steve Septer writes (paraphrasing): >My dealer told me that the Hunter Air-stat was TOO precise, shutting on >and off for every little temperature variation... burning out compressors... The Hunter Airstat has a reasonable temperature differential built in to prevent this. After all, it was designed to control a room air conditioner which has the same kind of compressor as a refrigerator/freezer. Its only limitation is that it doesn't go below 40F. Someone else in the last HBD requested posting of a mod to make it go lower. I too, would appreciate that post. BTW, I got my Airstat at Home Depot (a hardware "superstore") for about $19.75. Home Base (the competition) also has 'em for the same price. One of the advantages of the Hunter vs the Johnson is that the Hunter has a digital temperature readout of the internal fridge temp (as well as the set point). Another is that the sensor is solid state and connected by wires. The other uses a capillary tube and makes it a bit harder to get a good door seal (but this is being real picky). For those that like that type, Graingers has several of these to choose from, starting at about $37 (if memory serves). Mark from HopTech Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 04 Jun 93 19:28:24 CDT From: Darren Evans-Young <DARREN at UA1VM.UA.EDU> Subject: Calcium Chloride Source? Does anyone know a source for food grade calcium chloride? I'd like to use some for water adjustment. Darren Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 04 Jun 93 19:32:42 CDT From: Darren Evans-Young <DARREN at UA1VM.UA.EDU> Subject: Iodine test Personally, I stir my mash at least once to evenly distribute the temperature and enzymes. I used to put a drop of mash liquor on a white plate and then put a drop of iodine next to it and run them together. It was hard to read due to particles or because the beer was dark (porter/stout). Here's what I do now... Put a drop of mash liquor on one edge of the plate and tilt the plate so it runs to the other side. Put a drop of iodine next to the starting point of the mash liquor drop. Run them together and observe the reaction. A single drop spread out that much, you will be able to see particles and the liquid and see the color change. I haven't tried it yet with a really dark beer like stout, but I don't see why it wouldn't work. Darren Return to table of contents
Date: 4 Jun 93 15:06:00 PST From: John Fitzgerald <johnf at ccgate.SanDiegoCA.NCR.COM> Subject: SS kegs, beer fests in So. CA There is something that I've been wondering, and I've seen this question posted before, but I'm not sure I've seen the answer. I know there are a lot of homebrewers using half of a keg for a brew pot. What I'm wondering is how do know whether or not the keg is SS? Are they layered metal, Aluminum on the outside, but lined with SS? I guess I've always thought they were made out of Al, but I must be wrong. Are certain kegs made from different materials? And with all of this talk about different grades of SS, is there a cheap/efficient way of determining what grade the keg is made of? I'm searching for the "cheapest big SS brewpot", and cutting a keg in half seems like a decent way to go, but I'd like to know what it is made of. Sorry to end on a sad note, but I was majorly bummed to learn that there was a beer fest (several?) in Temecula, CA, and I never even knew! Whoa! Imagine a collective gathering over good brews just 40 miles from your house, with some pretty major HBD players attending (see HBD #1154, and 1155 for some of the names), and you missed it without a clue! Are these things annual events? Do you need to be invited? Do I need to get on somebody's mailing list? Missing the boat, John Fitzgerald. Return to table of contents
End of HOMEBREW Digest #1157, 06/07/93