HOMEBREW Digest #1781 Fri 14 July 1995

Digest #1780 Digest #1782

		Rob Gardner, Digest Janitor

  RE: alcohol=drug=evil (Not!) (olson)
  What people should be allowed to post/Cleaning RIMS (Eamonn McKernan)
  chillers/what to call 'em/spent grains as trub filter (Jeffrey Ziehler)
  Ale ferment temp ("Steven W. Smith")
  Mashing Dark Munich Malt ("Michael R. Swan")
  Carbonator/Oxygenator (" Richard Byrnes Jr                                                        ")
  (Fwd) Fermenter patterns - REVEALED! ("Pat Babcock")
  subscribe (Munmagic)
  SG (Harralson, Kirk)
  beer and bibles (LimaWiskey)
  Marzens from Heaven (Harralson, Kirk)
  brewing with 100% unmalted grains (Andrew J Donohue)
  Water Worries ("Harrington, Stephen J")
  lead solder (MATTD)
  Clarity of lautering: summary ("Dave Bradley::IC742::6-2556")
  Judging - Reply (Ray Daniels)
  Hard Water and Back Issues of HBD (Brent Irvine)
  Kegging Questions (SweeneyJE)
  Edinburgh 2 (A. J. deLange)
  Cheap supplies by mail... (Kenneth K Goodrow)
  Use of Bad Batch (Rob Lauriston)
  wheat and Wyeast 3944 (Mark Kirby)
  re:white precipitate in carboy (Lenny Garfinkel)
  Re: SCAM??? ("Michael D. Fairbrother")
  Priming a Party Pig (W. Paul Bell)

****************************************************************** * POLICY NOTE: Due to the incredible volume of bouncing mail, * I am going to have to start removing addresses from the list * that cause ongoing problems. In particular, if your mailbox * is full or your account over quota, and this results in bounced * mail, your address will be removed from the list after a few days. * * If you use a 'vacation' program, please be sure that it only * sends a automated reply to homebrew-request *once*. If I get * more than one, then I'll delete your address from the list. ****************************************************************** ################################################################# # # YET ANOTHER NEW FEDERAL REGULATION: if you are UNSUBSCRIBING from the # digest, please make sure you send your request to the same service # provider that you sent your subscription request!!! I am now receiving # many unsubscribe requests that do not match any address on my mailing # list, and effective immediately I will be silently deleting such # requests. # ################################################################# Send articles for __publication_only__ to homebrew at hpfcmi.fc.hp.com (Articles are published in the order they are received.) Send UNSUBSCRIBE and all other requests, ie, address change, etc., to homebrew-request@ hpfcmi.fc.hp.com, BUT PLEASE NOTE that if you subscribed via the BITNET listserver (BEER-L at UA1VM.UA.EDU), then you MUST unsubscribe the same way! If your account is being deleted, please be courteous and unsubscribe first. Please don't send me requests for back issues - you will be silently ignored. For "Cat's Meow" information, send mail to lutzen at alpha.rollanet.org ARCHIVES: An archive of previous issues of this digest, as well as other beer related information can be accessed via anonymous ftp at ftp.stanford.edu. Use ftp to log in as anonymous and give your full e-mail address as the password, look under the directory /pub/clubs/homebrew/beer directory. AFS users can find it under /afs/ir.stanford.edu/ftp/pub/clubs/homebrew/beer. If you do not have ftp capability you may access the files via e-mail using the ftpmail service at gatekeeper.dec.com. For information about this service, send an e-mail message to ftpmail at gatekeeper.dec.com with the word "help" (without the quotes) in the body of the message.
---------------------------------------------------------------------- Date: Wed, 12 Jul 95 09:38:28 PDT From: olson at sx4gto.enet.dec.com Subject: RE: alcohol=drug=evil (Not!) Art Steinmetz sez: > Keith Royster sez: > > "The point is, there is a large gap between the perceived pro/con > ratio for alcohol and the actual ratio, and that needs to be > changed." You're right. One problem is the BATF has criminalized saying anything about the pros of alcohol. Bert Grant tried to put nutrition labeling on his beer and look where it got him. - -- Art Now that you mention it, look where it got him- this showed up in my mail t'other day and purports to be Supreme Court support for Grant's case. I did not verify the origins of this so if its important to you be advised to verify it independently, as with most anything you get on the net. DougO - ----- SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES Syllabus RUBIN, SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY v. COORS BREWING CO. certiorari to the united states court of appeals for the tenth circuit No. 93-1631. Argued November 30, 1994-Decided April 19, 1995 Because 5(e)(2) of the Federal Alcohol Administration Act (FAAA or Act) prohibits beer labels from displaying alcohol content, the federal Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (BATF) rejected respond- ent brewer's application for approval of proposed labels that dis- closed such content. Respondent filed suit for relief on the ground that the relevant provisions of the Act violated the First Amend- ment's protection of commercial speech. The Government argued that the labeling ban was necessary to suppress the threat of ``strength wars'' among brewers, who, without the regulation, would seek to compete in the marketplace based on the potency of their beer. The District Court invalidated the labeling ban, and the Court of Appeals affirmed. Although the latter court found that the Government's interest in suppressing ``strength wars'' was ``substan- tial'' under the test set out in Central Hudson Gas & Electric Corp. v. Public Serv. Comm'n of N. Y., 447 U. S. 557, the court held that the ban violates the First Amendment because it fails to advance that interest in a direct and material way. Held: Section 5(e)(2) violates the First Amendment's protection of commercial speech. Pp. 3-15. (a) In scrutinizing a regulation of commercial speech that con- cerns lawful activity and is not misleading, a court must consider whether the governmental interest asserted to support the regula- tion is ``substantial.'' If that is the case, the court must also deter- mine whether the regulation directly advances the asserted interest and is no more extensive than is necessary to serve that interest. Central Hudson, supra, at 566. Here, respondent seeks to disclose only truthful, verifiable, and nonmisleading factual information concerning alcohol content. Pp. 3-6. (b) The interest in curbing ``strength wars'' is sufficiently ``sub- stantial'' to satisfy Central Hudson. The Government has a signifi- cant interest in protecting the health, safety, and welfare of its citizens by preventing brewers from competing on the basis of alcohol strength, which could lead to greater alcoholism and its attendant social costs. Cf. Posadas de Puerto Rico Associates v. Tourism Co. of Puerto Rico, 478 U. S. 328, 341. There is no reason to think that strength wars, if they were to occur, would not pro- duce the type of social harm that the Government hopes to prevent. However, the additional asserted interest in ``facilitat[ing]'' state efforts to regulate alcohol under the Twenty-first Amendment is not sufficiently substantial to meet Central Hudson's requirement. Even if the Government possessed the authority to facilitate state powers, the Government has offered nothing to suggest that States are in need of federal assistance in this regard. United States v. Edge Broadcasting Co., ___ U. S. ___, ___, distinguished. Pp. 7-9. (c) Section 205(e)(2) fails Central Hudson's requirement that the measure directly advance the asserted government interest. The labeling ban cannot be said to advance the governmental interest in suppressing strength wars because other provisions of the FAAA and implementing regulations prevent 205(e)(2) from furthering that interest in a direct and material fashion. Although beer advertising would seem to constitute a more influential weapon in any strength war than labels, the BATF regulations governing such advertising prohibit statements of alcohol content only in States that affirmatively ban such advertisements. Government regulations also permit the identification of certain beers with high alcohol content as ``malt liquors,'' and they require disclosure of content on the labels of wines and spirits. There is little chance that 205(e)(2) can directly and materially advance its aim, while other provisions of the same Act directly undermine and counteract its effects. Pp. 9-13. (d) Section 205(e)(2) is more extensive than necessary, since available alternatives to the labeling ban-including directly limiting the alcohol content of beers, prohibiting marketing efforts emphasiz- ing high alcohol strength, and limiting the ban to malt liquors, the segment of the beer market that allegedly is threatened with a strength war-would prove less intrusive to the First Amendment's protections for commercial speech. Pp. 14-15. 2 F. 3d 355, affirmed. Thomas, J., delivered the opinion of the Court, in which Rehnquist, C. J., and O'Connor, Scalia, Kennedy, Souter, Ginsburg, and Breyer, JJ., joined. Stevens, J., filed an opinion concurring in the judgment. Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 12 Jul 1995 12:59:09 -0400 From: eamonn at chinook.physics.utoronto.ca (Eamonn McKernan) Subject: What people should be allowed to post/Cleaning RIMS Normally I keep my big trap shut when debates arise (AS THEY ALL TO FREQUENTLY DO!) on the HBD about what is and isn't appropriate to post on the HBD. Some people like competition results, some like RIMS info, some like the occasional judging information, the list goes on. I don't like to add to the quantity of wasted BW, but I got kinda peeved today. (shields up!) In HBD 1779, I read that Kenn Goodrow wants to move the religion debate off the HBD because of the flames it has attracted. (shouting imminent) DON'T DO IT KENN ! Face it folks, if there's an interest in a topic, then threads will live on, if there's no interest, they die quietly. As far as I'm concerned, as long as information is not illegal to post (pornography, hate literature, copyright...) AND it pertains to beer in some tenuous fashion, then we should quietly accept all topics as legitimate. That's what free exchange of information is all about. If someone's being insulting, the huge flames this individual will attract makes Hiroshima look like a firecracker. I've seen it happen. I think the religion issue is indeed "... a critical discussion topic because it has to to with the image of brewing." (from Kenn's post). And even if I didn't find it critical, it certainly has to do with brewing, and shouldn't be censored by others. Now before the AI robot floods my mailbox with coriander (mmmm... coriander...) Let's get back to brewing... ************* (yes I know my post violates my own criteria for what should be on the HBD because it hasn't anything to do with beer, but it does have to do with beer discussions...) ************* The few responses about how to clean RIMS suggested citric or acetic acid to get the flux and crap form the insides of freshly soldered pipes. I figure a gallon of cheap vinegar diluted in some water should do the trick. And when that's don, I'll rinse well with water, then run baking soda and water through to absorb any residual flavours. Baking Soda is not just for un- plasticising carboys and buckets I figure! Certainly can't hurt. ************** Keith Royster: your mailer is still messed up, my mailings still get bounced. Eamonn Mckernan eamonn at atmosp.physics.utoronto.ca "...Canada insists on being, to a large extent, a nation of nitwits... many of the people who scream the loudest about crooked politicians are too ignorant to vote." -The weekly Tribune, Campbelton, N.B. Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 12 Jul 1995 12:15:12 -0500 (CDT) From: Jeffrey Ziehler <ziehler at post.its.mcw.edu> Subject: chillers/what to call 'em/spent grains as trub filter this got rejected for long lines so I had to re-justify. Sorry if that makes it tough to read. : > From: Norman C. Pyle <npyle at hp7013.ecae.StorTek.COM> : > Subject: Chillers : > For example, a friend of mine uses an immersion chiller, but the chiller is : > immersed in ice-water, not wort, and the coolant is only moved around by : > stirring every once in a while. The wort flows through the chiller, but it : > is in no way a "counter-flow" chiller. This is an incremental chiller : > immersed in ice-water. It has much more in common with a CF chiller than an : > immersion chiller, but its construction and use is more akin to the immersion. : > It is most definitely an incremental chiller though, as the wort is cooled a : > little bit at a time. : That's exactly like mine. I don't know _what_ to call it. A coutner-top : chiller? (I used to mostly use it in the bathtub, but the rubber duck would : get too cold with all the ice. I now use it in a large laundry-sink. I've been putting my coil in my bottling bucket, adding cold water and ice when the water in the bottling bucket gets too hot. Using the bottling bucket allows removal of the hot water via the spigot and allows me to have the chiller (and bucket) sitting on a chair right by the stove to keep my siphon tubing reasonably short and leading right into the fermenter. I and a number of people I know have this style. I've always been calling it a semi-flow or single-flow chiller. somebody else (lost the attribution, sorry) wrote: : In my brewing system I boil and then cool the wort with an immersion chiller. : During the cooling cycle I try not to disturb the wort and let the trub and : cold break settle. I then rack to a carboy, pitch yeast, etc. : I still get varying amounts of trub which I usually don't worry about, but it : would be nice to eliminate it. Looking at my Zap-Pap I figured I have a : pretty good filter bed of spent grains, it is still warm (140 deg.) so should : be free of bacteria, just haven't had the nerve to pass a finished batch : through the grain on its way to the carboy. Has anyone ever tried this? Is it : even worth a try? Will it even filter out the trub? EEEK!!! No, don't do this! The grains, while warm, have only been brought up to about 170 or 180oF (if you do mashout). This may _very_slightly_ pasteurize them, but I wouldn't trust it. There are all kinds of viable bugs still in there. Everyone remember the Papazian Sour Mash? You'd probably get something similar running your boiled wort through the spent grains. - -- Jeffrey Ziehler ziehler at post.its.mcw.edu http://www.its.mcw.edu/~ziehler I tried to get a custom license plate, but the DMV told me that "I'm a grad. student-SHOOT ME!" was too many letters. Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 12 Jul 1995 10:48:07 -0700 (MST) From: "Steven W. Smith" <SYSSWS at gc.maricopa.edu> Subject: Ale ferment temp Quick question: I have _very_ imprecise control over fermentation temperature by fiddling with the stock temp dial. I've got 10 gallons fermenting in a fridge at an average temp of 55F, according to my handy Radio Shack indoor/outdoor thermometer. I'm using Wyeast "German Ale" - (1010? didn't bring the empty packet to work for some weird reason...). Is this "too cold" to be ideal? If so, might I expect any defect to result other than a slow ferment? The alternative is to leave it out in the open with ambient temp of about 85F - not a real alternative... Oh yeah... *Hmmmph* the digestifier software apparently won't accept a message with the return address of God at AI-Robot.com, so I must reveal my message sans anonymity: I had a religious experience! A vision, if you will. The following was revealed to me and I relate it verbatim (as I must!). God: Verily, this is the first and only warning lest I smite thine wort with Lactobacillus and suicidal diving bats. Thou shalt not discuss me or my works in a forum devoted to the holy beverage, beer. That's what he said, and I though I should let everyone know before it's too late. _,_/| \o.O; Steven W. Smith - Systems Programmer, but not a Licensed Therapist =(___)= Glendale Community College, Glendale Az. USA U syssws at gc.maricopa.edu or smith at peabody.gc.maricopa.edu "You're useless and pathetic. Like a useless and pathetic thing." - Rocko Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 12 Jul 95 13:36:51 -0400 From: "Michael R. Swan" <mswan at fdic.gov> Subject: Mashing Dark Munich Malt I am getting ready to do my first all-grain batch and had the following question for the collective wisdom: This batch is a Munich Dunkle based on a recipe from Dave Miller's _Complete Handbook of Homebrewing_. (Since I only want to make a two gallon batch, I cut down the grain bill). I bought three pounds of Briess crushed Dark Munich Malt, 20 degrees lovibond. After I did this, however, I came across a reference to the diastatic power/degrees Lintner of this malt and became a little concerned. The malt is listed as having a DP of 20 degrees. Is this high enough to convert the starch? (I recall reading somewhere that malt needed a DP of at least 30 degrees itn order to convert itself) Can I do a single infusion mash with this malt or would some other method be better? I am not planning to use any adjuncts. In order to be safe, I bought about 1/2 pound of crushed 2-row pale malt (DP=140). If I mash this grain with the Munich malt will I get an acceptable extract level? Thanks in advance. Mike Swan Dallas, Texas mswan at fdic.gov (Standard disclaimers apply) Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 12 Jul 1995 15:19:50 EDT From: " Richard Byrnes Jr " <rich.byrnes at e-mail.com> Subject: Carbonator/Oxygenator Hey all, I had a Carbonator cap go bad on me (threads wouldn't lock onto any cap, it kept popping off under pressure) and my local retailer was out, and didn't plan on restocking for a while. I called Liquid Bread (the mfg) and they gave me an address to send it back, not only did they send me a new (yes, a new & improved!) one, they sent a check for the postage, and a nice apology letter for any inconvenience I may have incurred, all this within a week! My hat's off to the fine folks at Liquid Bread! (No affiliation, etc, etc...) Oxygenator, anyone have one & care to comment on it? I didn't get any literature on it from the company, I've just seen the ads and it seems like a nifty tool, and yes, I remember the recent threads on how safe it is to just use normal air through a hepa filter, but a cheap source of controllable pure O2 seemed like a good thing too. Regards,_Richard Byrnes Jr B&AO Pre-Production Color Unit \\\|/// phone #(313)323-2613, fax #390-4520 (o) (o) USFMCZGM at IBMMAIL.COM_______________________o000__(_)__000o Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 12 Jul 1995 15:23:36 +0000 From: "Pat Babcock" <pbabcock at oeonline.com> Subject: (Fwd) Fermenter patterns - REVEALED! The line length 'bot got me... - ------- Forwarded Message Follows ------- From: "Pat Babcock" <pbabcock at oeonline.com> To: homebrew at hpfcmi.fc.hp.com Date: Wed, 12 Jul 1995 15:14:02 +0000 Subject: Fermenter patterns - REVEALED! Priority: normal Whoop! Whoop! This is not a test! UNCIVIL DEFENSE ALERT: The following confession from an employee of a major aerospace firm has recently come to light. Kirk, listen up: <Identity withheld to protect the source> sez: >I do have evidence tying extraterrestrial activity to brewing. A >rancher outside of Las Vegas has been interviewed extensively on the >subject of cattle mutilations at his ranch by some UFO program on >Fox. The tie in? He had been feeding the cattle spent grains from >the Holy Cow Casino, Cafe and Brewery (This info was provided by Dan >Rogers, head brewer at said establishment). >Brewery-related abductions and mutilations may be on the increase >since my Batch 15 recipe was included in a bunch of other scanned >info on board the Direct Broadcast Satellite DBS-D2. This could >have been a bad move on my part especially since the recipe was not >one of my best. The aliens could be looking for better recipes. There you have it. I have instructed the perpetrator to scan a copy of Cat's Meow, or at least a better recipe and send it up on the next satellite to appease the mischievous alien beings. Perhaps finding better recipes they will determine that we are indeed worthy to inhabit this planet and should not be obliterated, species by species; or driven mad by strange phenomena in our fermenters. In the meantime, please refrain from eating products derived from spent grains as you may end up like those cows. Stay tuned to the HBD for further details as they develop. End uncivil defense alert. This has not been a test. "Drink all you want - I'll brew more!" Patrick (Pat) G. Babcock | "Yup, Kit's (Anderson) a brewer... President, Brew-Master | What he isn't is a woman." - Dan Hall and Chief Taste-Tester | "Let a good beer be the exclamation point Drinkur Purdee pico Brewery | at the end of your day as every sentence pbabcock at oeonline.com | requires proper punctuation." -PGB SYSOP on The HomeBrew University - Motor City Campus BBS (313)397-9758 Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 12 Jul 1995 15:50:39 -0400 From: Munmagic at aol.com Subject: subscribe Thanks - --------------------- Forwarded message: From: DECKARDKW at fafb.af.mil (Deckard, Ken W., Loral) To: Munmagic at aol.com (Munmagic) Date: 95-07-10 15:49:48 EDT This is the header from the latest (7/10/95) HomeBrew Digest, address "To:" to homebrew-request with the "Subject:" as SUBSCRIBE. You will receive an automated response from the net to let you know that you have been added to the mailing list. Hoppy Brewing! Send articles for __publication_only__ to homebrew at hpfcmi.fc.hp.com (Articles are published in the order they are received.) Send UNSUBSCRIBE and all other requests, ie, address change, etc., to homebrew-request@ hpfcmi.fc.hp.com, BUT PLEASE NOTE that if you subscribed via the BITNET listserver (BEER-L at UA1VM.UA.EDU), then you MUST unsubscribe the same way! If your account is being deleted, please be courteous and unsubscribe first. Please don't send me requests for back issues - you will be silently ignored. For "Cat's Meow" information, send mail to lutzen at novell.physics.umr.edu ARCHIVES: An archive of previous issues of this digest, as well as other beer related information can be accessed via anonymous ftp at ftp.stanford.edu. Use ftp to log in as anonymous and give your full e-mail address as the password, look under the directory /pub/clubs/homebrew/beer directory. AFS users can find it under /afs/ir.stanford.edu/ftp/pub/clubs/homebrew/beer. If you do not have ftp capability you may access the files via e-mail using the ftpmail service at gatekeeper.dec.com. For information about this service, send an e-mail message to ftpmail at gatekeeper.dec.com with the word "help" (without the quotes) in the body of the message. Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 12 Jul 95 16:08:00 EST From: kwh at roadnet.ups.com (Harralson, Kirk) Subject: SG Sergio Escorza startles us all by actually disussing brewing on the HBD!: >1) In page 34 of that BT issue, you conclude that sucrose produces a >specific gravity increase of 46.31 points/lb/gal. Nevertheless, if I work my >way finding the percent sucrose by weight in solution, I come with a >different result. Let's see it. If we disolve 1 lb of sucrose in 1 gallon of >water (assuming a water density of 0.9990 Kg/l or 8.338 lb/gal at 60 F), the >percent sucrose in solution will be: >1 lb of sucrose divided by 9.338 lb of solution (8.338 lb water + 1 lb >sucrose) = 0.1071, or 10.71% (10.71 Plato). >Using your equation [3] of the BT article (also used to get that figure of >46.31 you provide) to convert from Plato degrees to SG points (the formula >being SG = 259/(259-P)), we get: >SG = 259/248.29 = 1.04313, that is to say, we got 43.13 points, not 46.31. I think the key difference is that the resulting sugar-water mixture will be more than one gallon, taking into consideration the volume of the sucrose. In winemaking, this is referred to as "sugar to the gallon" as opposed to "sugar in the gallon". There is a handy conversion factor for this, but I don't have it with me at present. Kirk Harralson Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 12 Jul 1995 16:26:34 -0400 From: LimaWiskey at aol.com Subject: beer and bibles I'm on a first name basis with God and he's never mentioned beer to me. I'd just as soon not mention God to my beer either. So - STOP ! I'm not running for Pope for a reason. Just don't remind me. It disappoints my mother. (Yes - I had one of those too.) On that note - Russell writes------------- If we're talking about how politics, auto-repair, or the wholesale diamond industry relates to homebrew, that is appropriate here. - -------------------------------------- I have a Surburan that I haul my homebrew in I bought from a Republican who has an inside with Harry Winston. It runs badly and my Priest's blessing didn't help. He did like the homebrew, however. ( No affliliation with the GOP, Oppy, Harry, General Motors , or the Vatican.... more or less in that order.) Is my beer ruined ? Now - back to our regularly scheduled topic ..... What are the hop flavors in Spaten Club Weisse ? I had some of this for the first time last week and am in love. (Don't tell my girlfriend - though she already suspects. Don't make it mad, boys- it's Irish. ). I think I can master the body given some time and a couple of samples - but the hops formula is beyond my corrupted palate. Anyone have some insight ? Finally - Open Fermentation. I got rid of the African Grey some years ago ( Krik - maybe the bateria infected budgie should 'fly away') so I'm safe from Ornilite infection. I knew I had seen the lactobacillus label somewhere but couldn't remember where. Yep - it is the same stuff. Digestive aid for the lousy gullet these creatures have. My brew celler is relatively primitive (read: Lambik Land) and I have taken the open plunge. While head formation in the Krausen stage is less formidable when the fermenter is covered than open - the beers open fermentation produces seem fine. I have had to remove one (1) possum and two (2) raccoons from the basement for a fifteen yard penalty (unbeerman-like conduct). After plugging the holes and scattering 'rodent-b-gone' about the cave, the beer is doing well. Flavorful and hoppy. The ease of cleaning fermenters and the sheer joy of peeking at the krausen has convinced me to construct rock fermenters with the approriate self-plumbing for sanitation requirements. I'm working on hard-surface slate after an inspiring note about the 'Yorkshire Squares' . A slate belt runs near my home. Big slabs ... et al. Still searching for my stainless milk cans. I will let the collective know how this comes out. The use of a porous (sp) masonary cement for binding the edges is causing some concern. limawiskey at aol.com jd sprague I would highly reccomend open fermentation for that link-with-the-past feeling. Then again - GETTING RID OF INDOOR PLUMBING MIGHT DO THE SAME. Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 12 Jul 95 16:32:59 EST From: kwh at roadnet.ups.com (Harralson, Kirk) Subject: Marzens from Heaven I usually don't ask regional questions, but since so many people attended "Planet Beer" here in Baltimore recently, I thought I would make an exception. Hopefully, many of you had the opportunity to try DeGroen's Marzen while you were here. It is absolutely in a class by itself. I have tried many Marzens, and have made several, but DeGroens is far better than anything else I've had. Most of my previous attempts were based on Dr. Fix's book, which is an excellent reference, and recipes in Papazian's books. I've looked through recipes in the Cat's Meow III, but haven't tried any yet. I suppose this has started me on a quest to make the perfect Marzen. For the people who have had the chance to try DeGroens -- do you have any suggestions on how to emulate that rich flavor profile? For everyone -- what is your favorite recipes, techniques, suggestions, ingredients for the perfect Marzen? I will gladly summarize any and all useful information. On with the quest! Kirk Harralson Bel Air, Maryland Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 12 Jul 95 16:39:51 EDT From: andy2 at hogpa.ho.att.com (Andrew J Donohue) Subject: brewing with 100% unmalted grains This should be of interest to people with allergies to traditional grains used in beer and to people trying to use up that acre of wheat or barley they have growing. I was given an article from "Bio Times" the quarterly magazine from Novo Nordisk, an industrial enzyme manufacturer. The article is entitled "the impossible beer from Nigeria." It seems that in Africa in general and Nigeria in particular quality malted barley is both rare and expensive due to the climate. To overcome this problem they have been experimenting with 100% unmalted grains such as sorghum corn & cassava and comercially produced auxiliary enzymes. I have no experience with any of these grains, but they describe sorghum beer as opaque, pinkish in color with an acidic taste. If anyone has contacts in the Alfred Jorgensen Laboratory of Fermentation maybe we can find out more about brewing this way. It certainly opens up a whole world of interesting options for fermentables. Andy Donohue andy2 at hogpe.ho.att.com Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 12 Jul 1995 16:08:47 -0600 From: /O=PRDMSMAC/S=HUMPHREY/G=PATRICK/ at x400.pprd.abbott.com Subject: Re: Homebrew Entry Thanks to all of those who replied to my question about how many bottles are normally entered in a homebrew competition. Most said that 2-3 bottles is the normal amount and that the six bottles requested was out of line. With that in mind, I called the organizers of the competition. It turns out that they are going to have judges from the AHA and also some celebrity judges, the brewmaster from Goose Island brewery in Chicago and another from a local brewpub called Mickey Finn's. Also, they are going to allow all entrants to taste the other beers entered. This sounded like a good idea so I am going to go ahead and sacrifice a six of each of my beers and enter them. Thanks again for the responses. Pat patrick.humphrey at abbott.com Lindenhurst, IL Return to table of contents
Date: 12 Jul 1995 14:09:19 -0800 From: "Harrington, Stephen J" <sharrington at msmail4.hac.com> Subject: Water Worries I have faithfully paged through all of the high tech posts on making different water styles as I am just not that chemically inclined. However, they have gotten me to thinking..... I try to make brewing as simple as possible (I am having homebrew while I do it), so my techniques are not that polished. I do all-grain brewing. I use reverse-osmosis water. I never monitor pH during the mash. I never add any salts, etc. I get good extraction rates (at least what I think I should get). My beers taste fine. The only 'problem' I seem to have is that I tend to require more priming sugar than average to get the right carbonation (usually 1 cup corn sugar per 5 gallons). I am wondering if I am making a big mistake by not doctoring my water. Any and all comments are appreciated. Stephen Harrington Manhattan Beach, CA Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 11 Jul 1995 14:45:25 -0600 (MDT) From: MATTD at UWYO.EDU Subject: lead solder I recently picked up a 30 gallon stainless steel whirlpool at a scrap yard for $9.50. I am currently having the drain in the bottom patched and plan to put an EasyMasher type spigot on it and use it for mashing. My only concern is that it was put together with lead solder. Now I don't want to start the lead crystal type thread again. Does anyone know if I will pick up much lead from the solder? How much is the pH going to change the solubility? I'm sure there is a nice layer of lead oxide on the outside of the solder but I don't know how much protection this will provide. I would have liked to have had the whole thing taken apart and welded but I was told this couldn't be done because the steel wasn't clean enough anymore. Thanks for your help. Matt Dickey Mattd at uwyo.edu Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 11 Jul 1995 15:23:45 -0500 (EST) From: "Dave Bradley::IC742::6-2556" <BRADLEY_DAVID_A at Lilly.com> Subject: Clarity of lautering: summary >From the HBD on (around) 7/6, here's the responsorial (!) to my question... Q: What is the affect of starting and stopping the flow from the lauter tun during the initial recirculation period? (My "technique" has been to stop the slow flow while returning the still cloudy sweet wort already collected back the top of the grain bed, and pseudo-clarity seems to take more time for me to achieve than for others (all-grain time thread).) A: Several kind HBDers told me what I had suspected (makes sense too); the small particles causing clouding will be held, then released in a cycle as the flow is started, then stopped. Only the stuff lowest in the bed will do this enough to exit the tun; the majority of particles would have to disperse along a path too long before overall clarity is achieved. Thanks for helping me on this! db From: BRADLEY DAVID A (MCVAX0::RC65036) To: VMS MAIL ADDRESSEE (IN::"homebrew at hpfcmi.fc.hp.com") cc: BRADLEY DAVID A (MCVAX0::RC65036) Return to table of contents
Date: 12 Jul 95 14:17:55 EDT From: Ray Daniels <71261.705 at compuserve.com> Subject: Judging - Reply HBD 1777 contained two posts asking questions about judging. Here are some thoughts: >John Majetic (JOHNMAJ at aol.com) commented on the actions of one national judge that scored his >beers low on two occasions. 1) You can file a complaint about a judge with the BJCP. I don't recall the process that these complaints go through, but they do become part of the judge's "permanent file." Based on your pair of experiences with the same judge (one judge well more than 7 points away from the other), I would urge you to do this. 2) Just because someone is a national (or master) judge doesn't mean they know anything about judging beer, or that they will do it correctly. As a national judge and frequent organizer of both regional and national level competitions, I could tell you some real horror stories. Things can go wrong in the judging process that the organizer may not detect. This is another reason for competitors to let the BJCP and organizers know when they see something seriously wrong with their score sheets. 3) I have a whole file-drawer full of score sheets on beers that I have entered in competitions over the past five or six years. Luckily, I have a bunch of ribbons to show for the effort as well. But one thing I have learned for sure is that judging is a highly capricious process -- that is fickle, uncertain, hit-or-miss, if you will. I have had beers take best of show honors one month and then not get a ribbon a month later. Because of all this, you can't live or die on the outcome of a single competition. To really see how good a beer is, you need to enter it into a several competitions and observe the pattern of results you achieve. >Domenick Venezia (venezia at zgi.com) asked about judging process and specifically whether >discussions occured between the judges before the scoresheets were completed. Well, that depends on the judges. You are supposed to complete your evaluation, including comments and scoring before the discussion begins. But some people can't contain themselves for one reason or another. Also even without discussion, judges can telegraph their opinion of a beer through facial expressions and non-verbal noises (gagging, etc.). (The judges often sit facing each other.) I believe that the discussion between judges begins with each judge stating the total score they have assigned to the beer. The closer the scores, the less discussion necessary. If you are interested in more info on judging procedures, the AHA has a whole booklet they would probably be willing to send you. Regards, Ray Daniels Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 12 Jul 95 17:22:47 EDT From: Brent Irvine <brenirvi at village.ca> Subject: Hard Water and Back Issues of HBD I am interested in the water articles, but have missed the earlier parts. I have been using town water which has been softened in the making of my beer. To date the beer has been just fine, but there has been something missing in some of them. I have easy access to well water and am going to try it with a variety of extract recipes. I have reason to believe that the water has a lot of iron in it as well as other unknown compounds. Will the iron or hardness have an adverse effect on the brewing process, or provice additional goodness to the beers? Please note that I would like to have consulted previous versions of the HBD for the water articles, but am unsure how to decompress them. I am familiar with .zip files, not .z files. How do I decompress them, and where do I find the programme to decompress them? Brent Irvine in Cochrane, Ontario Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 12 Jul 1995 19:44:05 -0400 From: SweeneyJE at aol.com Subject: Kegging Questions Hi Everybody, I while back I asked for information on where to order kegging equipment. Thank you to everyone who responded. What I probably should have added was that I know nothing about kegging. eg. How do they work, what is the best type to get, what are the benefits of one type to another. In short - what do I need to know. I do know that I would like to keg my beer for parties, but I dont think that those party pigs hold enough for the way my family and friends like to drink! Any advise would be appreciated. TIA -Joe Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 12 Jul 1995 20:19:29 -0500 From: ajdel at interramp.com (A. J. deLange) Subject: Edinburgh 2 Edinburgh 2 This is the ninth in a series of posts on the formulation of waters similar to those of famous brewing cities of the world. They are based on ion concentration profiles given by Dave Draper in his post in #1704 (10 April 95). See my post "Water Series" (#1763) for explanatory material (correction: in the Line 3 explanation read 1.8 ml of 1 N sulfuric acid, not 18 ml). Quick reminders: all ion concentrations and salt quantities are in ppm which is the same as mg/l. The water to which the salts are added is assumed to be ION FREE (i.e. it is DISTILLED WATER or REVERSE OSMOSIS WATER). Edinburgh 2 profile is attributed to Papazian, "The New Homebrewers Com- panion", p83. It is better balanced at pH 7 than Edinburgh 1 (anion/ cation ration 0.623) and is adequately synthesized using simple salts (although external acid is required): Formulation I n: 810000 Temp: 0.000981 Energy (rms %): 4.293839 Edinburgh 2 Desired Cations: 10.436 Anions: 6.503 mEq/L Ratio: 0.623 ION WT DESIRED REALIZED ERR, % SALTS AMOUNT Ca 1.00 120.000 112.761 -6.03 NaCl 33.321 Mg 1.00 25.000 24.485 -2.06 Na2CO3.10H2O 0.000 Na 1.00 55.000 52.304 -4.90 CaCL2 0.000 K 1.00 0.000 0.000 0.00 CaSO4.2H2O 84.581 CO3 1.00 225.000 241.750 7.44 CaCO3 232.425 SO4 1.00 140.000 143.931 2.81 MgCL2 0.000 Cl 1.00 20.000 20.209 1.05 MgCO3 0.000 H 1.00 3.099 0.000 -100.00 KCl 0.000 Na2SO4 0.000 MgSO4.7H2O 248.176 H2SO4 0.000 NaHCO3 143.236 HCl 0.000 Carbonic: 0.7788 Bicarbonate: 3.2468 Carbonate: 0.001554 mM Total Required Hydronium: 3.0995 Sulfuric Hydronium: 0.0000 mEq Hydrochloric Hydronium: 0.0000 mEq 3.0995 mEq additional hydronium required to maintain pH 7.00 Solubility Products - CaCO3: 8.70E-09 MgCO3: 2.60E-05 Ion Products - CaCO3: 4.37E-09 MgCO3: 1.56E-09 Alkalinity: 3.21 mEq; 160.41 ppm as CaCO3. No permanent hardness. Temporary hardness: 7.64 mEq; 382.02 ppm as CaCO3 We note that the calcium and magnesium here are at the upper limits of their ranges as given by Noonan in "Scotch Ale", p104, that sodium is well above its upper limit (55 ppm) and that carbonate is a bit above its upper limit (200 ppm). Chloride, converesely, is below Noonan's minimum level (30 ppm). A fair amount of external acid, 3 mEq, is required to maintain the pH at 7. Dependent on how one plans to use the water in his brewing, he may ignore the external acid requirement (and wind up with a lower pH), use external lactic acid, or external carbonic acid. If the latter choice is elected, saturation with CO2 should give a pH near 5.66. Aeration to pH 7 would result in a total carbonate of 474 ppm. Further aeration to approximately pH 7.3 will give carbonate at approximately the specified level of 225 ppm. Note that 7.3 is within the range of pH specified for Edinburgh water by Noonan. A.J. deLange Numquam in dubio, saepe in errore! ajdel at interramp.com Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 12 Jul 1995 20:02:19 -0500 (CDT) From: Kenneth K Goodrow <goodrow at orion.etsu.edu> Subject: Cheap supplies by mail... A month or so ago I asked to receive 800 numbers to suppliers (mail-order) and the messages flooded in. Thanks to all of you who responded. I boiled down the cheapest of the cheapest and came to one supplier after perusing countless catalogs and calling many suppliers. Gus's Discount Warehouse, Inc. out of Petoskey, MI (800-475-9688) was the cheapest. Every price was cheaper than any others compared. I don't know Gus, but he seems to be doing a good job. He has answered the phone whenever I call and I ordered my first bunch of supplies from him a few days back. Just wanted to let you know what I found. Anyone ordered from him before? Results? Private posts please, then I will post a summary of what I get. Thanks! Cheers for Beers, Kenn in boiling hot East Texas Somebody do something about this heat wave! Can't brew worth squat! Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 12 Jul 95 20:32:21 -0700 From: robtrish at noif.ncp.bc.ca (Rob Lauriston) Subject: Use of Bad Batch In # 1778 Chris Strickland <cstrick at iu.net> wrote about the Use of Bad Batch >... has anyone tried using beer from a bad batch in a new batch to see what flavor it adds. Just pouring it in during the last fifteen minutes of the boil? I don't know about the flavour effect, but it doesn't break any of the 'sacred rules of brewing' (as if there were such things). Here's what I have done: As a brewhouse operator, I have been instructed by a brewmaster who *should* have been knowledgeable to take old out-of-date beer which had been emptied from bottles into a big tub and to add the beer to the kettle. The idea was that it would give you some extract (though not fermentable) and it was a slight reduction in effluent. The intention was not to change flavour, and the amount added was too small compared to the batchsize to expect any effect on flavour; two or four brews went into each fermenter (I don't recall on which fermenter it was) and then there would be blending during filtration. Sort of reminds you of those sickening stories of what's *really* on top of pizza... Rob Lauriston, The Low Overhead Brewery <robtrish at noif.ncp.bc.ca> "Moderation in all things, especially moderation" Vernon, British Columbia Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 13 Jul 1995 00:01:16 -0400 (EDT) From: Mark Kirby <mkirby at isnet.is.wfu.edu> Subject: wheat and Wyeast 3944 1) I've never brewed with unmalted wheat and would like to tap in to the vast HBD collective for some advice. A local bread/bakery shop owner is "selling" me some raw wheat grain for an attempt at a Celis white clone. He has, in his words, a hard red wheat from the midwest. He's offered to grind it to flour (like he uses for bread), but I'm not sure if this is appropriate or not. I have an adjustable Maltmill(tm) which I occasionally motorize with a drill (seems to work great). I would be milling about 10#. I've read that this stuff is a real PITA to mill, but that's OK if it's going to make a significant difference in the finished product or in the mashing/sparging. Any suggestions? 2) Is there a need to add lactic acid to this style of beer if you're using the 3944 Belgian White. Others have told me that this particular Wyeast contains a lactobacillus strain that contributes an appropriate tanginess to the brew. I find this hard to believe, given the potential problems with a controlled lactobacillus infection. Perhaps an attenuated strain?? As always, many TIA. Kirby Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 13 Jul 1995 11:30:10 +0300 (IDT) From: Lenny Garfinkel <lenny at zeus.datasrv.co.il> Subject: re:white precipitate in carboy Rick Gontarek asks about the white precipitate in his carboy and how to get rid of it. We have very hard water here in Israel and I find that if I am overzealous in my sanitization and add too much bleach, I get these white, crusty precipitates which don't wash out with water. Vinegar dissolves the precipitates and gets the glass spanking clean. Good Luck. Lenny _________________________________________________________________ Dr. Leonard Garfinkel | Internet: lenny at zeus.datasrv.co.il Bio-Technology General | Office Phone: 972-8-381256 Kiryat Weizmann | Home Phone: 972-8-451505 Rehovot, Israel | FAX: 972-8-409041 - ----------------------------------------------------------------- Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 13 Jul 1995 06:00:07 -0400 From: "Michael D. Fairbrother" <mdf at apollo.hp.com> Subject: Re: SCAM??? I got this letter as well, I recently joined AHA so, I would assume there the list seller. Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 13 Jul 95 07:13:30 -0500 From: wpbell at emngw1.emn.com (W. Paul Bell) Subject: Priming a Party Pig For the Pig owners out there, what's the "best" amount of priming sugar to use for a Pig? I've used 1/4 cup for the first two batches I've pigged, and both have been more foam than beer. I've purchased an electronic balance so I can go by weight on the next batch. Anyone have a recommendation? Paul Bell Jonesborough, TN Return to table of contents
End of HOMEBREW Digest #1781, 07/14/95