HOMEBREW Digest #3475 Fri 10 November 2000

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  Low Gravity Brewing-Matt in VT (Chris Swersey)
  Suitable Plastic ???  (Again, in case you missed it the first time) (Smith Asylum)
  Packaged water salts (Christopher Farley)
  So Many Beers, So Little Time ("Phil & Jill Yates")
  Pumps and connecting hoses ("Mike Pensinger")
  RE: Pseudo-lager ("Mike Pensinger")
  Pitching on Yeast Cake (Bob Hall)
  Mad sparrow disease, brewitup, efficiency (craftbrewer)
  zinc  Clap-trap (craftbrewer)
  ServoMyces (Nathan Kanous)
  wacko chest freezer (fridgeguy)
  Yeast behavior observation (Chris Cooper)
  Re: janitors in trouble ("Lutzen, Karl F.")
  yeast cakes ("Paddock Wood Brewing Supplies")
  Re: low gravity beers (Jeff Renner)
  Chiller testing (Danny Breidenbach)
  Fridge in the garage or basement? (JE)" <steinbrunnerje at dow.com>
  Conspiracy, Permits & Big Ferment ("Pannicke, Glen A.")
  soapy taste ("Czerpak, Pete")
  Stupid Brewer/Hydrometer Tricks (Richard Foote)
  Homebrew Eqpt  at  eBay (aschober)
  Sparge Arm Design (Mike.Szwaya)
  Xfering commercial beer to corny's (John Martin - Product Business Analyst)
  Extract FWH ("Scholz, Richard")
  Re: wind screen (Spencer W Thomas)
  Here's a Cat. 5 for ya. ("Leland Heaton")
  monitoring temps with a PC (Doniese)
  Happy Holidays Homebrew Competition ("Brent Stafford")
  aussie translation (Frank Tutzauer)

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---------------------------------------------------------------------- Date: Wed, 08 Nov 2000 22:51:36 -0700 From: Chris Swersey <cswersey at salmoninternet.com> Subject: Low Gravity Brewing-Matt in VT After years as a commercial and homebrewer, I am not keen to admit particular knowledge in this area. Having said that, I can offer Matt some advice. Matt, you never really say that you have experienced an astringent oversparged beer in this circumstance, you are however correct in anticipating that you could get that result. In the end, it really depends on taste. If your beer tastes good, do not worry about what may be happening in your process. If not, worry about it and change the problem. In my experience, there are two situations where you want to cease wort collection. 1) the gravity of the runoff falls below 1 deg. Plato, or 2) the pH of the runoff rises above around 6.0. These are both arbitrary, but rules of thumb nevertheless that serve me well at home and work. I would check these to see where you are on a routine basis until you are comfortble that you stay in the range you want. In the latter case, you can keep the pH below 6 by making sure your sparge water is appropriately treated like your mash water. Matt lists a number of ways to accomplish 5 gal of low grav. beer given his system constraints: "SO - it seems that there are several choices for making a 1.040 or less OG beer: 1) Make a smaller batch (3-4 gal) using a smaller grain bill; 2) Use a 'normal' grain bill and dilute before boil; 3) Use a 'normal' grain bill and dilute after the boil; 4) Make a 'normal' batch and dilute after fermentation; 5) something else?" For sanitation and aeration reasons, I would not recommend 4) above, unless you have access to a diluent system, ie. a way of making low dissolved O2 water. For reasons of hop utilization and consistency, I would not recommend 3) above. My advice would be to use a smaller grain bill, cease wort collection when either the extract level becomes to low or pH too high as discussed above, and then add liquor to the kettle to make up the difference to 6.5 gallon level normally used as the starting volume. (Sort of a combination of 1) and 2) above, if I read Matt's words correctly.) This will do two things for you. 1) It will keep your hopping regimen the same as usual, given that the volume is what you normally do, and 2) It will allow you to boil the entire wort charge, sanitizing it. Best of Luck Matt! Chris Swersey Brewlab N. America JCS Consulting Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 08 Nov 2000 23:20:14 -0700 From: Smith Asylum <smithly at neta.com> Subject: Suitable Plastic ??? (Again, in case you missed it the first time) Question for the gurus of brew: What plastic compound is suitable for diverter valves and fittings when transferring hot wort? PVC ? CPVC ? ABS ? Other suggestions and/or sources for in-line valves? I'm concerned with some of the reviews I've read concerning the outgassing of plastic fittings and the subsequent off-flavors that it gives the beer when transferring hot wort. Thanks, Lee Smith Chandler, AZ Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 9 Nov 2000 00:24:46 -0600 (CST) From: Christopher Farley <chris at northernbrewer.com> Subject: Packaged water salts In Homebrew Digest #3470 (November 4, 2000), Jeff Renner <nerenner at umich.edu> wrote ==>> Anti-regulatory anecdotes snipped <<== > Oops, i guess I got myself started, didn't I? But really, I think > any wholesaler would be able to do it, even if not a local shop. Of > course, there may not be much of a market for it. > > Maybe Chris Farley of Northern Brewer or Lynne O'Connor of St. Pat's > is already set up and would have an idea about this. This sounds like a great idea, not because it's going to generate huge profits, but because it sounds extremely useful to brewers. If one were a national wholesale distributor, it could be a reasonably lucrative convinced to buy the pre-packaged salts. Well, "every homebrew shop in the country" might be a little bit strong... But wholesale distributors at one time thought that the market juniper berries, wormwood and Indian sarsaparilla was great enough to merit hiring graphic designers, designing display racks, and the launching "The Brewer's Garden" line of products. If there's a market for this, then there's got to be a market for a *truly* useful product line, like the "Municipal Water Replicator Kits". Maybe I'm fooling myself. Nevertheless, I'm putting it on my "to do list". As a reminder, the forward-thinking people at Paddock Wood in Canada sell these salts now. Excelsior! - ---- Christopher Farley Northern Brewer / 1150 Grand Avenue / St. Paul, MN 55105 www.northernbrewer.com Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 9 Nov 2000 21:56:42 +1100 From: "Phil & Jill Yates" <yates at acenet.com.au> Subject: So Many Beers, So Little Time Just lately, I have found myself struggling to keep pace reading the HBD and keep on top of all that is expected of me. No doubt this happens to all brewers at times. Having achieved what I wanted with rice lagers, my current exploration has been with wheat beers. I have to admit, I love wheat beers. My latest creation is a peach wheat, the original recipe being from Chad Bohl. This is the one which literally left the girls peachless (sorry, I mean speechless) and lying enticingly dormant about the billiard room. In my younger years I would have been thinking : "So many women, so little time!" (And I have to be honest, the thought has not at all left my mind) But being as we are in a more politically correct environment, I keep my mind on the beer. Next on my list is a strawberry blonde. Does anyone have a suggestion? For the beer I mean - for the beer! Phil Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 9 Nov 2000 07:48:10 -0500 From: "Mike Pensinger" <beermkr at verizon.net> Subject: Pumps and connecting hoses Greetings all, I recently stumbled on a couple of magnetic pumps at the local junk/surplus store (Fill a box for $20!< I got two) My question is for those who are using pumps, what kind of hose/piping are you using? I would like to make the system easily disassembled so flexible hose would be preffered? Thanks in advance> Mike Pensinger beermkr at bellatlantic.net Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 9 Nov 2000 08:12:49 -0500 From: "Mike Pensinger" <beermkr at verizon.net> Subject: RE: Pseudo-lager I have had good luck using ice rings to maintain my temps. Here is the basic process. Get yourself a bunt pan or jello ring mold and freeze water in it. Place your carboy in a bucket to container and drape a couple t-shirts over it. Place the ice ring around the neck or the carboy and pull one of the t-shirts up to cover it. The ice melts and the cold water runs down the sides of the carboy and will maintain around 50-55 degrees. I made a Mai Bock this way and won first place in our local club competition. Mike Pensinger beermkr at bellatlantic.net Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 09 Nov 2000 08:20:29 +0000 From: Bob Hall <nap_aca_bh at nwoca.org> Subject: Pitching on Yeast Cake Cass asked about pitching wort directly onto a yeastcake .... I've also experienced the same quick fermentation rate when pitching on the yeast cake. I guess it's just like using a mega-starter, and things take off like crazy. Actually, I consider it the ideal process if you can brew batches quickly enough. I've never noticed flavor shifts from one style to another, and if you're going lighter to darker (eg. amber to porter), the more robust flavors would mask any slight carry-over. I'd guess that you might get more flavor from the residual hops that anything else. I think the key is getting the wort on the yeast quickly, a rapid primary fermentation, then on to the secondary where the batch can stew in its own juices. And actually, by using a good yeast cake I think you're lowing your chance of potential infection that might result from an extended lag period when all yeasts and nasties have a fighting chance of taking over. Good luck, Bob Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 9 Nov 2000 19:13:05 +1100 From: craftbrewer at telstra.easymail.com.au Subject: Mad sparrow disease, brewitup, efficiency G'day all poor poor David >>>>Date: Sun, 05 Nov 2000 10:45:57 +1100 From: David Fisher <david at colossus.apana.org.au> Subject: Malt Additives - unanticipated I have just bought a 25 kg sack of Maris Otter - my first ever purchase of malt in this quantity. Upon transferring it into a double-bagged snap-lid bin for storage you can imagine my surprise to discover that the bag contained aside from the malt, a very dead and very dessicated sparrow (at least it appeared to be an English sparrow)!<<<<<< Now David, I grew up on a grain farm and I can tell you that the odd expunged sparrow was the least of our worries. Some of the things we found in the grain would put you off bread, and beer for life. Even had a dead pig once. (we still sold the grain mind you). But you ask, is it ruined? Well without the sparrow actually in h and to have a look at it, lets try and guess the likely intrusion. Its unlikely the sparrow got in before the malting and drying (unless you have a beautiful plucked, cooked and dried sparrow jerky. The process would have worked that bady nicely. No, more than likely the blighter either got in in the malt storage silo, probably having a feed on an unstable slope and got covered in a slide, or got stuck in the storage bin and died of dehydration, or the greedy sod tried to get a quick feed at the bagging shoot, and basically got sucked in. Now I dont know if you have seen an animal decomposes in a silo. True they go thru the normal process, Bloat, tissues break down, excess moisture leaches out, but as this happens, the grain absorbs the excess liquids, so the carcass just dries out. this is especially so if there is some weight of grain on the body (sparrow of pig). Sort of acts like a press, squeezing it dry. To me I would still use your grain (Risk of Mad Sparrow Disease not included). there aint a lot of moisture in one of these scrawney buggers so it would only contaminate the malt a couple of grains thick arround it. If it was in the silo, (which is by the way I would guess where he met his/her maker) the grains been diluted well and truely thru packaging and more than likely another reader of the HBD actually has that grain (watch now everyone throw out there bag of grain). If in the unlikely event he fell into the bag and dried out, well the dilution factor is still there, and I am willing to bet you wont taste him. If in doubt buy another bag and mix the two together to ensure the grains are diluted below your taste thershold Matt is obviously a country boy watching Landline >>>Date: Sun, 5 Nov 2000 13:32:56 +1100 From: "Matt and/or Hazel Tolley" <tolmh at tpg.com.au> Subject: Seven minute head (there go the mail filters), beef in beer, Brew It Up By the way - any Aussies catch last week's Landline? Had a great segment about 'Brew It Up' in California. What a setup! Yes watched the article myself. I believe these things would take off in Australia (and I have done some research into this). if it wasn't for one unfortunate thing. Now if you yanks thing you have some funny laws, (whats the one I love - someplace children aren't allowed in a bar and drink unless they are married) the mega breweries here make it damn difficult to go into competition with them. So it is with these Brew it Up Places. The law is you can make the wort on premises , but you can't supply the active yeast or temperature control fermentation and lager rooms, and bottling facilities for the customers. You officially become a brewery if you do that and the red tap is HUGH and not viaiable. For examples, breweries must be secure places (members of the public can't get in) bit difficult when a guy wants to check on his brew. Plus the govt wants excise paid on all this beer on premise. Never mind its not your beer, all you are doing is supplying a cool room. go figure. and Petr Date: Mon, 06 Nov 2000 14:33:29 +1100 From: Petr Otahal <potahal at utas.edu.au> Subject: First Mash We managed to con everyone into having a go at the grinding cause it was a bit of pain (10kg (~22lbs) of malted grain in total), and the general consensus was that I had to motorise my mill (which is a home made roller mill with rollers that are 3 inches in diameter and about 6 inches in length, both rollers powered). In all it took us about 30 - 40 minutes of grinding to crush all the malt. I tried doing some calculations and got a figure of around 90% effeciency. Is this right??? It seems a bit high for a first all grain batch???<<<< I don't know whats wrong with your mill, but my mill is of similar size and i do about a kilo a miniute, so for your batch of grain 10 to 15 minutes. Or Is it you southerners have no muscles. And as for 90% efficiency. Hey dont sweat it. That would be 90% brewhouse efficicency and thats good. hey my system gets very high 90's Brewhouse efficiency all too consistantly. One time i did get 102%, but then again I do by volume and not wieght. Just can't see the point weighing out 8 kilos of grain when there are so many other varables and its soo easy just to measure by a line on the bucket. Shout Graham Sanders oh The Mouth from the South is back with this gem Graham Sanders will not be pleased to know that twice in the last week I have flown right over his home heading north to the town of Cairns. damn right I'm not pleased. Explains why these green iceblocks fell out of the sky. Well I have to inform you mate - you missed. Now i work out you owe me 3 cartons of grog mate (import duty). Now Phil, I expect delivery by the weekend, after all my friend "I know a secret" - just make sure its your best brew, none of that rice lager rubbish. Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 9 Nov 2000 19:13:06 +1100 From: craftbrewer at telstra.easymail.com.au Subject: zinc Clap-trap G'day All Well my brewing world has come crashing down arround me. Bugger-me, I'll chuck the whole thing in and buy XXXX, or even Fosters. Thought I had it all covered, Best HERMS system in OZ, salts, ph meters, Totally stainless steel system, more fridges than a shopping centre, biggest yeast station in the Southern Hemisphere, even can roast my own grains. So with confidence ablazing I check my water analysis, thinking "this zinc thing a lot of hot air'' Well drop me quicker than a newly-weds pants, my zinc level is only 0.02 mg/L. So what you say. Well the knowledgables tell us that 0.2 mg/L is the bearest minimum, otherwise I'm suffering zinc deficiency. Oh the shame, THE SHAME - my beers ruined. What is a ex-brewer to do, hand in my title as craftbrewer. NO I'll get it up instead. (Down SWMBO, thats my zinc level). So I ask as a humble NTH QLDer, whats the easiest source of zinc. (lets assume I can't go to the local lab) Do I grab a zinc screw and throw it in the boil, that should get it up to 0.2mg/L. (No I dont as many zinc coated screws also have cadmium) But i think we need to take this out of the lab and put it in terms for everyone else. Now lets see if my nut has got it right. You need about 0.2 to 0.5 mg/L of zinc in your fermenting wort for excellent yeast performance. This seems to be the agreed target, so lets say 0.4 mg/L. But my water has only 0.02 mg/L. Theory says there is plenty of zinc in my malt I use, in fact in theory there is more than enough to raise my wort to at least 0.4 mg/L. So I mash and sparge an average all-grainer. The initially zinc levels will actually be easily at or above the the 0.4mg/L. So onto the boil. Now it doesn't matter who you believe, what is clear that a lot of zinc will go out of solution and become part of the break material. While people can argue about how much, it is clear that by the time the boil finishes, my wort is now well well below 0.4mg/L of zinc. There is still zinc in solution, but its below arround 1mg/L at least. So this answers one question, why is yeast still working. Well its just like o2, there is enough there to do the job, but you can make it work better if you add more. So then who needs to worry. Obviously people who have low zinc initially in their water. Now again its seems that if your water is over 4mg/L there seems plenty of excess zinc in the water to counter the loss in the boil. below that extra zinc wont hurt. Now my water definitely needs it. I will get at least healthy yeasts t hat will ferment better and finish off the beer cleaner (its another 1% improvement). But when to add it and in what form. To me the form is immaterial, be it a salt, vitamin tablet, yeast nutrient, or dead yeast with high levels of zinc in it. heck I'm toying with the idea of a lump of zinc I just throw in the boil) Bottom line is you want the cooled wort to be closer to 0.4mg/L. When to add it is fairly immaterial, as long as the final cooled comes in 0.4mg/L So tell me if the is the guts of the issue, and have I got it right. If so i have some questions. 1. If you add salts should you add it after the boil, so to minimise precipitation with break material, or do you add more during the boil to compensate the loss. Assuming my zinc levels how much say ZnCl2 would you add and when, 2. As I said I am toying with a small lump of zinc in the boil, say the size of a dice. Does anyone have any idea when i add it to the boil. To me lets get out of the lab and into the field. Shout Graham Sanders oh I tell you i'm glad your election (or is that circus) is over. Some of the clap trap over this digest was almost unbelievable. I reckon you lot deserve who you elect. For a country that spouts Liberty, freedom, and the right to blow your neighbour away, there seems little choice in your democracy. No wonder your paranoic about drinking laws, guns, drink driving and some of the weirdest laws in the world. least you got one thing right - you only do it every 4 years. Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 09 Nov 2000 08:44:42 -0600 From: Nathan Kanous <nlkanous at pharmacy.wisc.edu> Subject: ServoMyces Hey Jethro and Mr. White, When's this stuff going to be available? nathan in madison, wi Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 9 Nov 2000 10:07:34 -0500 From: fridgeguy at voyager.net Subject: wacko chest freezer Greetings folks, In HBD #3474, "bear" asked for help with his chest freezer that has gone wacko for the past month or so. He mentioned seeing a patch of frost on the upper rear wall of the freezer interior but the freezer temperature wouldn't drop below 61 degF, even though he'd adjusted his controller to a lower setpoint. A friend of mine recently found himself in a similar situation and we determined the cause to be the temperature controller's sensor bulb resting too near or against the inside of the freezer cabinet, which gets very much colder than the air inside the freezer. Moving the sensor further away from the wall solved the problem. Bear mentioned putting the controller sensor in a bottle of water with no improvevment, so I don't believe sensor location is the cause of his freezer's cooling problem. Bear also mentioned that he put 6 kegs in the freezer, which is more than he has had in the freezer in the past. While a larger load would lead to a longer pull-down time before reaching setpoint, the freezer should cool the air surrounding the kegs to setpoint and shut off well before the keg contents are fully chilled. The freezer should cycle on and off with a shorter than normal off time until the kegs reach setpoint. To rule out any controller problems, plug the freezer in without the controller to see if the freezer pulls down. Remove anything that shouldn't freeze before doing this. If the freezer still won't pull down, the controller is probably ok. The patch of frost he describes is what concerns me. The evaporator coil surrounds the upper walls of the freezer interior. The coil is fed from the top rear and spirals around the cabinet before returning to the compressor. The coil will be coldest where the refrigerant enters. A frost trail will be visible along the coil path wherever the refrigerant liquid is flashing into vapor. The frost trail stops where all of the liquid refrigerant has changed state. Since the coil spirals around the cabinet, a band of frost encircling the upper cabinet interior would be seen under normal circumstances (assuming the air isn't too dry). The small patch of frost in this case likely indicates a loss of refrigerant. If lucky, a leak might be found outside the freezer cabinet. Oil will leak out along with refrigerant wherever ther is a leak so look for signs of oil along the refrigerant lines and around the compressor. An external leak may be repairable by a sevice tech. Be aware that a very common failure mode for chest freezers is corrosion of the evaporator tubing inside the cabinet walls due to moisture permeating the insulation. If/when this has happened, there is no way to repair the freezer. All chest freezer users should carefully caulk all interior cabinet seams with a mildew-resistant silicone caulk to help prevent this from happening. Hope this helps! - ---------------------------------------- Forrest Duddles - Fridgeguy in Kalamazoo fridgeguy at voyager.net - -- Is your email secure? http://www.pop3now.com (c) 1998-2000 secureFront Technologies, Inc. All rights reserved. Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 9 Nov 2000 10:30:18 -0500 (EST) From: Chris Cooper <ccooper at a2607cc.msr.hp.com> Subject: Yeast behavior observation Greetings all! I recently started two batches of cyser (as mentioned in an earlier post) and used the new Wyeast pitchable tubes of their London Ale variety, I noticed yesterday that the twin batches had fermented to different degrees in the same amount of time. One batch is at 1.006 and the other is at 1.012 (both are still working slowly but steady). I am just curious and need to ask WHY? Here are the facts in common : Both batches were prepared at the same time (a single 11 gal. in the kettle) Each carboy was filled by alternating the flow from the kettle between them (fill approximately 1-gal in first carboy then fill approximately 1-gal in second carboy, repeat until both are full) Cyser (wort?) was allowed to splash into carboy using a "wine makers funnel" with an integrated micro-screen (plenty of O2) Carboys were placed next to each other for entire fermentation time (in a downstairs closet) Both batches showed same temperature on LCD temperature strips attached to each carboy. Yeast was added by shaking Wyeast pitchable tube and then squirting the slurry into the neck of carboy. Yeast was purchased and handled in identical manner (same batch date stamps) Here is the one known difference: The the carboys are sealed using the orange carboy caps (the ones with two tubes in the top) and plastic S-type air-locks. about 10 days into the ferment I noticed that the carboy that is now at 1.006 didn't seem to be bubbling despite a visually active head. Investigation revealed that the orange cap was not making a good seal, i pitched it and put on a new one with a proper seal, the air-lock immediately showed activity which matched that of the other batch. Now an observation, could it be that the lack of back-pressure (due to the improper seal) for those first 10 days of fermentation resulted in the batch achieving a higher attenuation ? A side note, the Wyeast pitchable tubes were used without a starter and performed well, IMHO. Chris Cooper, Pine Haven Brewing (aka. Debbi's Kitchen) Commerce, Michigan Member, Ann Arbor Brewer's Guild (Approximately 25 miles from 0.0 Renerian) Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 9 Nov 2000 09:14:56 -0600 From: "Lutzen, Karl F." <kfl at umr.edu> Subject: Re: janitors in trouble Graham "Cracker" Sanders wrote: > Well I demand an explaination. I go off line for only a week or so > and everything goes to pot. > What do I mean. Well me being a Government worker its hard > to fill in my day. So I do plan my day arround the daily receipt of > the ol' HBD. For me its perfect, get a cuppa at 2.30pm (local time), > sit down, read the good, the bad and the utter cr*p til 3.00pm, > then afternoon tea break, think about replying to you lot and > home at 4.00pm to my 'puter to let you have an earful. Now > this takes a lot of effort and organisational skills, but I have it > to a fine art. It's called "Time zone change". Our country plays with the time zones twice a year. That's life. Learn to read at the new time as nothing can be done until next spring.... ===================================================================== Karl F. Lutzen | Computing and Information Services Network System Analyst | University of Missouri - Rolla E-Mail: kfl at umr.edu | 104 Computer Science Bldg. Fax: (573) 341-4216 | 1870 Miner Circle Voice: (573) 341-4841 | Rolla, MO 65409-0360 ===================================================================== Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 9 Nov 2000 09:23:08 -0600 From: "Paddock Wood Brewing Supplies" <orders at paddockwood.com> Subject: yeast cakes Cass asks, "Is it normal to have a 72 hour beer when using a yeast cake?" Yes, it's not uncommon. "Since I did not wash the yeast or anything, will the yeast impart some amber flavors to my porter?" Doubtful. The porter is darker. Not a lot of flavour transfers, esp. if you use a clean cake from a secondary. All the same, it's not usual practice to go from a dark beer to a light colored beer. "How many times should I reuse a cake (I don't think I'll get into culturing yeast at this point)?" Once is easy, three is also easy with good sanitation. Six is not uncommon for brewpubs, but requires excellent sanitation and practice. You can dump the clean cake from a secondary into a new heavy duty Ziploc bag and store it in the fridge for a few days with little damage if you are not prepared to brew on the day you transfer your beer. "I always put my beers into a carboy after primary fermentation for a week+. I do this prior to kegging to drop yeast and clear the beer so I wont get too much crap in the keg valve. Can I rack now and drink the beer a few days sooner?" Absolutely. "Are there any real advantages to (other than beating out bacteria) having such a fast ferment?" Better attenuation, more complete fermentation, often less diacetyl... The cake from 5 gallons is actually the recommended pitching rate, so this is one way homebrewers can easily achieve commercial pitching levels. No starters! Although starters are ideal, I really hate making starters. So I use XL packs for the first batch and reuse yeast cakes when possible. It's the perfect way to prepare for a big beer. Brew a bock then a Dopplebock. First a stout, then Imperial Stout. Pale Ale, then IPA or Barleywine. etc. Or if you wish to do several batches, a Mild, Bitter, IPA. There may be some concern over reusing yeast from a very high gravity beer for another high gravity beer. cheers, Stephen ______________________________________________ Paddock Wood Brewing Supplies, Saskatoon, SK orders at paddockwood.com www.paddockwood.com Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 9 Nov 2000 11:20:39 -0500 From: Jeff Renner <nerenner at umich.edu> Subject: Re: low gravity beers Graham <craftbrewer at telstra.easymail.com.au> wrote >Ah, Graham, you mistake the reason for tasty session bitters. It >isn't less, it's more - you can drink more pints!<<<< > >Well mate, if your game to walk into a Nth Qld pub for a session, >shout the bar and mates less than 3.5% v/v beers, well your braver >than me. Some things are just not done!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Well, that's pretty close to what I'm talking about. 3.5% v/v would have a starting gravity of about 1.035. That's about as low as I generally go, but the brew I mentioned was 1.034. But, as it had 5% sugar, which is 100% fermentable, my guess is that it probably fermented out to about 3.5% Considering that a Budweiser is 5.0% v/v, 3.5% is low gravity. We're not talking about a flavorless Bud Lite, either These brews have flavor. Jeff - -- -=-=-=-=- Jeff Renner in Ann Arbor, Michigan USA, c/o nerenner at umich.edu "One never knows, do one?" Fats Waller, American Musician, 1904-1943 Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 09 Nov 2000 11:20:58 -0500 From: Danny Breidenbach <dbreiden at math.purdue.edu> Subject: Chiller testing Brewers: I'm looking for input on a quick and dirty way to test whether my chiller is truly well-sanitized. I'm thinking of something similar to a wort-stability test ... where I run something through my chiller, then let it sit for a couple of days to see if anything nasty grows. I do NOT want to use a full batch of beer to test is, even though that would be the gold standard, I guess. One idea I thought up was: run a couple of gallons of sugar water through, using my best sanitation practices throughout. Let the sugar water sit on a shelf, sealed up tight, for a couple of days, then sniff, taste, etc. to see if anything nasty happened. Would such a test tell me anything at all? Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 9 Nov 2000 10:22:12 -0600 From: "Steinbrunner, Jim (JE)" <steinbrunnerje at dow.com> Subject: Fridge in the garage or basement? SWMBO, in her boundless generosity, has the idea that we should move our current fridge out of the kitchen so I can use it for beer. Of course, we'd have to get a new, bigger fridge in the kitchen to replace it, but that's purely coincidental. Here's my question: should I move the old fridge to our unheated garage (her preference), or the basement? If it's in the garage, how would the refrigeration system tolerate long periods of below-freezing temps, and will I freeze beer, etc. inside? On a related topic, I've built a Ken Schwartz "Son of Fermentation Chiller" that is working fine in my basement. I'd like to use it, or something similar, in the garage to take advantage of our natural refrigeration season, adding a heat source to control the temp. However, I'm not sure about the safety of putting a 120V heating device inside that polystyrene box. I could use a defunct fridge or freezer as a free insulated box, then install a heating device (heating pad, hair dryer, light bulb, etc.) and thermostat to maintain temps during the cooler/colder months. Any thoughts or suggestions? BTW, thanks go to Ken Schwartz for the chiller design. A simple, elegant design that even I could build, and it works great! http://home.elp.rr.com/brewbeer/chiller/chiller.html Jim Steinbrunner Midland, Michigan Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 09 Nov 2000 11:21:56 -0500 From: "Pannicke, Glen A." <glen_pannicke at merck.com> Subject: Conspiracy, Permits & Big Ferment Graham posted: >Didn't get my digest til 3.50pm >today. Couldn't even read it at work. Come on >chaps, its not cricket. > >So whats the story. Is this an effort to silence my imput. I would say so if I didn't read a few smileys into your post. Ahhh... HBD withdrawl. Not reading about beer is almost as bad as not drinking one! Just to clarify my previous post regarding homebrewing permits in NJ: It was only a hypothetical situation. Maybe I should have added that to " Consider the following scenario". For some reason my post was cut short and that might have made it more clear. Sometimes I do funny things with the mouse and the backspace key, cut & paste... The rest of the narrative being that after everything is cleared up and it's established that you're not moonshining , you get a fine from the state for not having your permit. This was a big "what if" based upon a true episode from COPS where some guy who was homebrewing got busted for distilling (due to his immersion chiller looking like a distillation condenser). It was only mentioned as an aside that he was homebrewing and the scenes still aired. But as for my neighbor, he really is a prick ;-) Cass Buckley asks about his Big Ferment: >Questions - >Is it normal to have a 72 hour beer when using a yeast cake? Quite. I've done this before with 3 successive batches, a bitter, a porter and an IPA. I measure my primary fermentation from pitching until the krausen crashes. The bitter was from a normal starter and it took 5 or 6 days. I racked that weekend and dropped the porter on top of the yeast cake. It only took 48 hours! The next day I brewed a batch of IPA, dropped it on the same cake and it took about 4 days. Marathon brewing in my extract days (in plastic too!) >Since I did not wash the yeast or anything, will the yeast impart some amber >flavors to my porter? I always wash my yeast cake if I reuse it. The cell count is so so high I'm willing to risk the exposure. Simple washing with boiled water will remove a good amount of dead yeast cells, dusty yeast and trub. I'll bet that any amber flavors that were imparted will be greatly dominated by the porter's. >How many times should I reuse a cake (I don't think I'll get into culturing >yeast at this point)? That question is wide open! Reusing yeast is dependent upon a number of factors, but mostly has to do with how well have they been fed with your wort and how clean you've kept them. I personally limit myself to 3 uses as a precaution. Yeast are cheap. >I always put my beers into a carboy after primary fermentation for a week+. >I do this prior to kegging to drop yeast and clear the beer so I wont get >too much crap in the keg valve. Can I rack now and drink the beer a few >days sooner? I'd let my hydrometer decide. If you've hit terminal gravity (or damn close) you should be good to go. Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 9 Nov 2000 12:09:03 -0500 From: "Czerpak, Pete" <Pete.Czerpak at siigroup.com> Subject: soapy taste A post of soap and bottles appeared Tuesday from: Date: Tue, 7 Nov 2000 12:41:33 -0800 (PST) From: Beaverplt <beaverplt at yahoo.com> Subject: Oh so sad ..................... here is my take on the subject. Don't use soap. its a huge pain to rinse out. if you do use it, rinses require multiple hot water rinses to remove the residue suffucuent. I only use soap to clean my brew pot. bottles and everything else get the iodophor, bleach, sanitizer..... anything but soap. also, some people have mentioned Saaz hops yield a soapy type taste. I don't use saaz much but have never encountered this. did you by any chance use saaz in your brew. If my bottles have good crude in them, I either soak with not very dilute bleach solution or pitch them out. very hot tap water will often loosen up the crude due to thermal expansion etc. rinse your bottles after drinking from them and you'll never have a problem with just a sanitizer soak afterwards. Good luck. Hope you find some bottles that aren't too soapy out of the batch. pete czerpak albany, NY Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 09 Nov 2000 12:13:40 -0500 From: Richard Foote <rfoote at mindspring.com> Subject: Stupid Brewer/Hydrometer Tricks Hi Brewers, Recently, I was minding my own business brewing a 12 gal. batch of pale ale. The O.G. was 1.044. I had targeted 1.050. I repitched YCKC A15 Ale yeast from a previous batch. It was a real go-getter because in eight days from brewing, I got beer! I was rather alarmed by my FG reading of 1.005 though. Never had one that low. Upon reasoning, I chalked it up to no mashout. I mashed for my normal 90 min. and then went straight to lauter/sparge for an hour plus. I reasoned since the enzymes had not been denatured, they continued to convert over that extended period. I kicked myself for not going with a shortened mash time and allowing for some continued conversion during the sparge. Even though it finished at 1.005, it didn't seem all that dry. Oh well, on to the next batch. A week later, I'm brewing a Christmas ale. Since my last batch was under my target gravity, I decided to pull a pre-boil sample and cool to 60 degrees to check the gravity. It was in the 20's. There is no way I'm going to get this into the 50's with a 90 minute boil! I yell to my brewing buddy, "Hey, how much DME you got? We need some stat!" In a panic, I plugged the numbers into my brewing software. The efficiency was in the 30's-- no f**kin' way! I'm usually in the high 70's to low 80's. Something major is amiss here. I started to play with my hydrometer (minds out of the gutter please). Try as I might, I can't get the G.D. thing to float any higher. I wonder if perhaps the paper roll with the graduations had slipped inside. Did't seem loose. By chance, I happened to invert it. Viola! Fiddlesticks! I got wort inside! On closer inspection, I could see a chip that had been taken out of the weighted bottom of the hydrometer. The first hyrometer I got when I first started brewing served me well for over ten years. Now inside of two years, I've gone through two of them. What's up with this? Can anyone recommend a good quality hydrometer? Hope this helps [me]. Rick Foote Whistle Pig Brewery and Home Remodeling Murrayville, GA Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 9 Nov 2000 12:23:39 -0500 From: aschober at ebmail.gdeb.com Subject: Homebrew Eqpt at eBay Thought the folks on the digest might be interested in a load of brewing equipment being offered on eBay. http://cgi.ebay.com/aw-cgi/eBayISAPI.dll?ViewItem&item=493457284 Thanks Al Schober Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 9 Nov 2000 09:52:06 -0800 From: Mike.Szwaya at co.clark.wa.us Subject: Sparge Arm Design Hi all- Does anyone have any design ideas a rotating sparge arm? More specifically, how do I attach the horizontal rotating arm to the vertical stationary arm? Thanks. -Mike Szwaya Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 9 Nov 2000 11:51:44 -0600 (CST) From: John Martin - Product Business Analyst <John.A.Martin at central.sun.com> Subject: Xfering commercial beer to corny's At the risk of being flamed... I brew enough to always have a 5 gallon corny full of great homebrew. However, I do not brew enough to have more than that or a variety. In order to get more beer out of my garage fridge, I have room for more corny kegs but not a commercial keg (pony or otherwise). Has anyone ever tried to move beer from a commercial keg to 2 corny kegs on order to maximize for the room. I figure I can keep 2 hb and 2 commecial (fat tire, german lager, etc) in my fridge that way. Thoughts? John Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 9 Nov 2000 13:07:35 -0500 From: "Scholz, Richard" <RScholz at refco.com> Subject: Extract FWH On Wed, 8 Nov 2000 00:18:20 -0500, Richard B. Dulany Jr. wrote: >Having read the posts about mash hopping, I'm curious if us extract brewers >could perform something similar. I often steep crystal malt (or some other >specialty grain) at 155 F before the boil. What would happen, if anything, >if I added hop pellets to the steeping bag? Has anyone tried this? Bill Riel reply's: >Never tried it, but go for it man! And goes on to report his experiences I continue: I recently got (won in our club raffle) two 3lbs. Bags of Breiss Wheat extract. I made two 2.5 gal batches with 0.5 oz Spalt pellets each. Don't usually use extract but it was there. The first batch, I put the 0.5 oz hops in the warm water as I dissolved the extract. In the second, I added the 0.5oz at about 45min to go in the boil. The first was fermented with Hoegarden yeast and the other with Wiehenstephen yeast. Both are "Dunkels". Breiss wheat extract is pretty dark, but the "FWH" in the preboil of the extract really added a hop flavor/aroma to the "Wit", while the "Bavarian Weiss" had a much less distinct hops presence. Just adding to the data points. I like the result of early hop additions in both all-grain and extract recipes. This started off as a different yeast "experiment" but the change in hop timing really was noticeable. Not that the difference from Hoegarden's spiciness to Wiehenstephen's banana/cloves didn't change the whole character of the beers. Both recipes: 3lbs Breiss wheat extract 0.5 oz Spalt pellets 3 US gallons water Yeast starter from slant - ----------------------------------- Richard L Scholz (201) 876-5973 Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 09 Nov 2000 13:23:33 -0500 From: Spencer W Thomas <spencer at engin.umich.edu> Subject: Re: wind screen PVanslyke> Dan I too have a problem with wind when I brew in the PVanslyke> great outdoors. If you're going to have a wind problem, the great outdoors is the best place to have it! I fixed my problem with wind by eating fewer beans. Yeast sediment still seems to cause me problems. Maybe I should bottle with some Beano(R)? =Spencer Thomas in Ann Arbor, MI (spencer at umich.edu) Oh.... not that kind of wind? ... NEVERMIIIIIND (with apologies to Gilda Radner) Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 09 Nov 2000 10:28:47 PST From: "Leland Heaton" <rlheaton at hotmail.com> Subject: Here's a Cat. 5 for ya. I don't know if this on is out there yet (or who made it up), but a girl at my work dropped this to me. PS. Correct me if I am wrong on my category :) -Leland "The Beer Song" (Do) Dough, the stuff that buys me beer. (Re) Ray, the guy that sell me beer. (Mi) Me, the one that drinks the beer. (Fa) Far, a long long way to my beer. (So) So, I think I'll have a beer. (La) La, la, la, la, la, la, beer! (Ti) Tea, not thanks, I'll have a beer. Now that brings us back to Do! _________________________________________________________________________ Get Your Private, Free E-mail from MSN Hotmail at http://www.hotmail.com. Share information about yourself, create your own public profile at http://profiles.msn.com. Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 9 Nov 2000 13:47:35 EST From: Doniese at aol.com Subject: monitoring temps with a PC I have an old 486 sitting around not doing much, and I was wondering about using this to monitor temperatures in my brewing. I'm certainly no computer wizard, but I believe this is not only possible, but also maybe not that difficult to arrange. Can somebody point me in the right direction as far as what hardware and/or software would be involved? Maybe some book to reference or buy that could get me on my way? Any help is greatly appreciated. Craig Jensen Wa. state (Private replies welcome) Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 9 Nov 2000 13:04:31 -0600 From: "Brent Stafford" <infoman at msn.com> Subject: Happy Holidays Homebrew Competition The St. Louis Brews are holding their annual Happy Holidays Homebrew Competition on December 9, 2000. This is also the last MCAB3 qualifying event of the year. For more info check our site at www.stlbrews.org Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 9 Nov 2000 14:43:11 -0500 (EST) From: Frank Tutzauer <comfrank at acsu.buffalo.edu> Subject: aussie translation Ok, you know how our "mate" Graham always ends his posts with "Shout" -- I always figured that was just like signing off with "See ya," "S'long," or even "Cheers!" But then our "mate" says something like: >Well mate, if your game to walk into a Nth Qld pub for a session, >shout the bar and mates less than 3.5% v/v beers, well your braver >than me. What the hell does that mean, "shout the bar and mates"???? So now I'm figuring it Oz-speak for "buy beers for" or some damn thing. Translations, please? Shout --frank Return to table of contents
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