HOMEBREW Digest #4436 Fri 26 December 2003

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  Correction ("A.J deLange")
  Norse&heather ale ("-S")
  Re: Temp Control (Reversing Output...) (Kent Fletcher)
  Re: Ale Swedish? (Bob Devine)
  Merry Christmas ("Gary Smith")

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---------------------------------------------------------------------- Date: Thu, 25 Dec 2003 13:46:49 +0000 From: "A.J deLange" <ajdel at cox.net> Subject: Correction I should have said SPDT (not SPST) in my last post. Happy holidays to all. A.J. Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 25 Dec 2003 12:12:05 -0500 From: "-S" <-s at adelphia.net> Subject: Norse&heather ale Chad writes .... >Norse rule ended in 1057AD, when Malcolm Canmore married Ingibjorg, > the widow of Thorfinn Skullsplitter, the Norse ruler of Galloway .... 1057 is far too early to call it quits for Norse rule in Scotland. MalcolmC's great grandson, Edgar, was forced to officially ceded the Hebrides and Kintyre peninsula to Mangus Barelegs king of Norway (cool name - no ?) ~1120, tho' these and other regions were never really under control. Edgar's brother David, a succeeding king, gave landholdings to Normans (Normandy is basically a Viking colony in N.France) , thus the prevalence of Norman names in Scottish history like Blaillol, Bruce <<de Blailleul, de Brus>> , and also the French connection to Scotland. When David dies ~1153 the Norway immediately sacks Aderdeen and the local Norse under part-Norse Somerled pummeled Glasgow. Galloway, Argyll, Moray and Caithness [the lords of the isles and the lords of lorne] continue to pay allegiance to the king of Norway under clan names like MacDonald and MacDougall until they and the fleet of Hakon king of Norway were soundly defeated by Scottish king Alexander III at the Firth of Clyde in 1263. Of course AlexanderIII is also of mixed Norse and Hibernean lineage. The Orkney and Shetland islands remain in Norwegian hands till they were given as dowry in the marriage of James III and 1469. The Norse took full advantage of the Medieval climatic warming from ~1000-1300. Makes one wonder what the real impact of the greenhouse gasses will be! I believe that heather ale, and (northern) art of distilling are both attributed in legend to the Picts. The book, "Scottish Folk-tales and Legends" by Barbara Ker Wilson, has a nice account of the loss of the Pictish heather ale recipe in the 9th century conflicts between Hibernian invaders and Picts. Great book even if you aren't 10yo. Great post too Chad - I'm much enjoying Wylie's eccentric history. -S Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 25 Dec 2003 10:56:18 -0800 (PST) From: Kent Fletcher <fletcherhomebrew at yahoo.com> Subject: Re: Temp Control (Reversing Output...) A.J. mistyped slightly in his response to the OP's question about inverting the output of a temperature controller: > A SPST (switching only the hot side) or DPDT > switching both hot and neutral) relay energized > by a controller can be used to get either direct > or reversed output from it. The normally open > contacts will close when the controller energizes > the relay and are thus in the same sense as the > controller. A load connected to the normally > closed contacts is energized when the controller > isn't and thus inverts. Of course A.J. must have meant to say Single Pole Double Throw (SPDT), not SPST. A SPST relay is sufficient, there is no need to switch the neutral side. As a matter of fact, it's better NOT to switch the neutral, as there's one less thing (or actually two: the two extra contacts) to fail. The OP (Brendan) also mentioned that the output of the controller was 110 v. Brendan, if you can find a terminal strip, you'll probably see that the hot side of the 110 input is jumpered to another terminal, which is the line switched through the relay (the one inside the controller, not the one you're connecting). If you remove the jumper you can connect whatever voltage you need for your new relay. Kent Fletcher Brewing in So Cal Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 25 Dec 2003 12:40:14 -0700 From: Bob Devine <bob.devine at worldnet.att.net> Subject: Re: Ale Swedish? > Bob Devine wrote: >If you ever wondered where the name (ale)came from, >it is derived from the >Sweedish word for beer or ale. Ol is pronounced something between "ohl" >and "uhl". Chad Stevens chides me thusly: > Bob; Bob Bob Bob....(repeat again while shaking head from side to side). No > self-respecting Norwegian can let this one go. Old Norse "ol" (o with a > line through it) is used to indicate both the drink and the festivity. > [...] The point is, there's a whole host of evidence > linking the English word "ale" to the Old Norse "ol." I couldn't let the > modern Sweedish "ol" get all the credit. And, of course, Chad is right that the word "ol" predates the Swiss examples I cited. In fact, the word crosses many borders -- Iceland and Denmark also use a descendent of the ancient word, in addition to Norway and Sweden. Heck, even in Lithuanian do you find the word "olus", meaning beer. In modern Norwegian, the word is spelled with an slashed 'o'. Variants include juleol (Christmas beer), bokkol (bock), lettol (light beer), and others. Unfortunately, Norway brewing is heavily controlled, government stores (called the "monoplett", if I remember) are the only place to buy real beers. Now less than 20 breweries survive in Norway and most beers are a variation of pilsners. Bob Bob Bob Bob Devine ;-) Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 25 Dec 2003 18:10:08 -0600 From: "Gary Smith" <mandolinist at ameritech.net> Subject: Merry Christmas Best wishes to all of us, world-wide And a happy new year of wonderful brewing and marvelous camaraderie. Cheers to any & all of you, Gary Gary Smith CQ DX de KA1J http://musician.dyndns.org http://musician.dyndns.org/homebrew.html Most of us know how to say nothing--few of us know when. Return to table of contents
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