HOMEBREW Digest #958 Mon 31 August 1992

Digest #957 Digest #959

		Rob Gardner, Digest Coordinator

  Syphons (hjl)
  Re: coors light and vinometer (Donald P Perley)
  Priming ("Dean Roy" )
  London -- Breweries???? (wiehn)
  siphoning (James Dipalma)
  Re:  Woodruff (Jeff Mizener)
  Easy sterile yeast transfer (Josh Grosse)
  Jones, set mash, etc (Jack Schmidling)
  copper; woodruff (Pierre Jelenc)
  Keg fermenting (Mitch Gelly)
  re:bringing brew from Europe (Paul Andrews)
  RE: Bringing beer back, igloo cooler (James Dipalma)
  Baking bottles (Phillip Seitz)
  Re: Cooling Wort ("Spencer W. Thomas")
  Re:Sierra Yeast, Jim Busch (jim busch)
  First Timer Question (Lester Paul Diamond)
  Airstat in a freezer? (George Kavanagh)
  Re: Using Cara-pils (David Resch)
  Sierra Nevada Yeast ("Rad Equipment")
  A plea for <= 80 character lines (Jon Binkley)
  RE: Propane/NG indoors (Paul dArmond)
  Baking Bottles ("Rad Equipment")
  labelling (Geoffrey Sherwood)
  Re: The Novice Revisited (Richard Stueven)
  Re: Sassafras for Root Beer (Richard Stueven)
  Hartford Brewery, Bock Beer (JKL)
  no subject (file transmission) (stevie)
  Chicago Tribune Article (stevie)
  Re:  Ice to cool wort (Bruce Hoylman)
  Re: B-Brite (Bob Gorman)

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---------------------------------------------------------------------- Date: Thu, 27 Aug 92 11:28 EDT From: hjl at gummo.att.com Subject: Syphons Starting syphon: Sterilize hose. Stick enough hose in liquid to be syphoned so that a length greater than twice the distance from the surface of the liquid to the top of the container is submerged. With sterilized fingers (however), fold the hose double (above the top of container) and pinch the fold between thumb and forefinger, thus entrapping a length of air (or whatever gas was in the hose) and enough liquid to reach from the surface over the top of the container and down the outside to a point below the liquid level. Withdraw the hose from the container until the liquid level is above the top of the container. Fold and pinch the hose at the liquid level (you may release the first pinch at this point). Insert the free end of the hose into the receiving vessel. Withdraw the hose from the liquid being careful to keep the end below the surface. Bring the pinched fold down outside the container to a point below the surface of the liquid in the container. Release the pinch. The syphon will start. This process is trivially simple if the container is full but requires some dexterity if the liquid level is low. Practice with water. Play with length of submerged hose until you're comfortable. Smooth motions work best. Regarding bubbles in syphon: Bubbles forming at junction of syphon "cane" and hose have been addressed. (Pinch the bubble and it goes away) My experience is that when bubbles form in syphon hoses used alone, they occur at the point where the hose contacts the edge of the vessel being drained. I believe this happens because the hose flattens at this spot, thereby constricting the flow, locally increasing the velocity of the liquid, and therefore, the turbulence (same flattening, albeit less, occurs at the bend in syphon "canes"). The agitation thus produced drives the carbon dioxide out of solution. To prevent this one needs to keep the hose round. A short length of garden hose (~8 inches) slipped over the syphon hose and positioned at the edge of the container stiffens the system sufficiently to avoid the problem. Hank Luer Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 27 Aug 92 13:19:16 EDT From: perley at easygoer.crd.ge.com (Donald P Perley) Subject: Re: coors light and vinometer What the Light ad didn't mention is that for many brands the "light" beer is just the regular beer watered down a bit (I don't know for SURE about Coors). So the "concentrated Coors light" being tanked around may in fact just be the normal Coors beer. On vinometers: What they measure is sort of a balance between specific gravity and surface tension. The implicit assumption is that the alcoholic fluid has been fermented dry. fine for dry wine, but for beer or sweet wine, it won't read correctly. Dry wine has a specific gravity in the range of .998 or so, while finished homebrew is often around 1.010 (and varies a lot). -don perley Return to table of contents
Date: 27 Aug 92 14:04:17 EST From: "Dean Roy" <DEAN at alpha.uwindsor.ca> Subject: Priming Pardon me if this topic has been discussed before but I am new to HBD and to brewing. I've just racked my first batch of brew into the secondary fermenter and I am beginning to wonder about bottling and priming. What's the best way to mix the priming sugar into the fermented beer before bottling? According to Mr. Papazian's book the sugar syrup should be poured into a carboy and then the wort siphoned on top of it. Will this method mix the sugar in well enough or should the beer be stirred afterwards? -------------------------------------------------------------------- | Dean Roy | Email: DEAN at ALPHA.UWINDSOR.CA | | Systems Programmer | Voice: (519)253-4232 Ext 2763 | | University of Windsor | Fax : (519)973-7083 | -------------------------------------------------------------------- Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 25 Aug 92 14:24:58 EDT From: wiehn at evax.gdc.com Subject: London -- Breweries???? I'm off to London for 8 days early next month and would like to tour a local brewery or two while there. Does anyone know if there are any breweries open to the public for tours in London??? While I'm there can anyone suggest some good pubs to try?? Which local brews should I try -- which should I avoid?? Thanks!!! John Wiehn Email: WIEHN at EVAX.GDC.COM Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 27 Aug 92 16:57:39 EDT From: dipalma at banshee.sw.stratus.com (James Dipalma) Subject: siphoning Hi All, There has been considerable discussion in this forum and RCB recently regarding procedures for handling of siphon tubes, surgical gloves, etc. I'd like to relate an experience from a high school biology course. The course instructor came in one day with a culture containing some kind of common bacteria (I can't recall which kind, this happened almost 25 years ago). She placed some of the culture on an sterile petri dish with no growth medium, and put it aside. The next day, examination of the culture under a microscope revealed the culture was completely dead, as there was nothing in the petri dish on which it could feed. She then took another sample of living bacteria from the original, healthy culture, and placed it in the palm of her hand for one minute. She scraped the culture off her hand, and placed it on a slide. This culture was almost completely dead, there were only a few cells remaining that were left alive! The lesson for that day was that human skin contains a natural bacteriacide that protects us from all those airborne micro-nasties that we all go to such great lengths to keep out of our beer. It's what enables us to live in the air without being ill constantly. DISCLAIMER: I have absolutely no background in medical science, but I did observe this firsthand. I have also brewed over 200 batches of beer in the past seven years, and have never had an infection that was the result of touching siphon tubes with my hands. I even start my siphon by forming an "o-ring" over the end of the tube with my thumb and forefinger, for the purpose of avoiding direct contact with my mouth. Now, I would'nt recommend racking beer after changing the oil in the family car, but I feel as long as brewers keep their hands clean, touching a siphon tube will not cause an infection. IMHO, wearing surgical gloves, etc., qualifies as excessive worry. If there are any net.brewers with training in medicine/biology out there that know more about this than I do, perhaps they would care to comment. Cheers, Jim Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 27 Aug 92 16:53:43 EDT From: avalon!jm at siemens.siemens.com (Jeff Mizener) Subject: Re: Woodruff From: Alan Mayman <maymanal at scvoting.fvo.osd.mil> After sampling a May wine from a local winery I was very impressed with the flavor of Woodruf(f?). If anyone has used this herb before in mead or beer... In Berlin people drink Berliner Weisse, a sour-tasting Weizenbier, out of glasses that could best be described (with my limited eloquence) as a half of a small fishbowl or an half-sphere ice cream sundae glass. Into this (IMHO unpalatable) beer they introduce one of two additives: Raspberry Syrup (red) or Woodruf Extract. Its being neither "Hopfen" nor "Malz" would preclude its being used in German beers. I don't like the stuff, but it is "interesting". Cheers, Jeff jm at sead.siemens.com Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 26 Aug 92 18:30:32 EDT From: jdg at grex.ann-arbor.mi.us (Josh Grosse) Subject: Easy sterile yeast transfer Avoiding infection during yeast culturing on plates or slants is imperative. Several methods are used to reduce the chance of infection, such as: o working very quickly, so that plates and slants have a minumum exposure to the environment o making multiple plates or slants at the same time, to increase the chance of successful transfer o wearing a mask and/or hat o wiping down the work area with 200ppm chlorine. Truly sterile transfer is not easily accomplished in the home environment without building a sterile box. Here's a simple, cheap, easy way to build a sterile box, without needing any skill or special materials whatsoever(my requirements). The only tools required to build it are scissors and tape. This box design came from a friend who uses one to culture orchids instead of yeast, but the requirements are the same. Ingredients: Cardboard box Aluminum foil Plastic wrap (eg: Saran) Plastic dishwashing gloves (eg: Playtex) Spray bottle Chlorine To sterilize equipment and materials going into the box, use whatever you use to sterilize slants and plates, such as: Canning jars (eg: Mason) Pressure canner (15 minutes at 15 psi) Building your sterile box: 1. Cut all four of the top flaps off the box. 2. Cut down two sides at an angle to make a work area opening, leaving a lip on the bottom, like so: Side View Front View |------\ | | | \ | | | \ | | | \ | | | \ | | | \ | | | | |---------| |------------| |---------| 3. Line the inside with aluminum foil. Leave no cardboard exposed. 4. Tape your plastic wrap to the back of the box, so that it drapes over the opening you've cut. When you sterilize your slants and plates, also sterilize your transfer equipment, such as loops or eyedroppers (the latter for making slants from Wyeast). Do this by sealing them in canning jars (with a little water) prior to pressure canning 'em. Also, can a plain jar of sterile water to use as a rinse. Put on your gloves, place all equipment inside the box, and spray 200ppm chlorine onto the box walls, floor, the plastic wrap, and the exterior of all your slants, tubes, canning jars, and the gloves themselves. Dip anything that comes in contact with your yeast samples in the sterile water to rinse off the chlorine prior to opening it. Tada! It's not a thousand dollar sterile hood, but it beats the kitchen table and allows you to work a little more slowly..Also, if the box gets ratty from use it's real easy to make a new one. - ----------------------------------------------------------------- Josh Grosse jdg at grex.ann-arbor.mi.us Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 27 Aug 92 17:00 CDT From: arf at ddsw1.mcs.com (Jack Schmidling) Subject: Jones, set mash, etc To: Homebrew Digest Fm: Jack Schmidling >To: FRANK at VA5549.Colorado.EDU (Franklin R. Jones) Mail to you is bouncing. Please send postal address. >From: thomasf at deschutes.ico.tek.com (Thomas D. Feller) >Ok, now about my second all grain brew. I got a stopped sparge, >I used the grain mill at my local homebrew store and I believe I got too fine a crush and this caused my mash problems... So the point here if you have a poor flow rate look to the crush first and not the size of the holes in you manifold. If it was a roller mill, designed for malt, it is not likely your problem. I hate to sound like a broken record but my guess is that your mash cooled off. To resolve the question, you need to check the temp of the mash from top to bottom. The bare minimum is to take a reading of the run off. I do not think the hole size is very important because it is the husks that do the filtering. The holes just keep the husks from clogging the spigot. What is probably happening is that your thick mash, which consists mainly of sugar and starch is turning to glue because of the temp and glogging the holes. The solution is hotter sparge water. My system is no doubt different from yours but (in spite of all contrary advice) I use boiling water and my runoff is only around 140 to 150F but that is aparently enough to prevent glue formation. >From: wegeng.henr801c at xerox.com >A friend of mine (who is a home winemaker) has told me about a device called a "vinometer" which is used by winemakers to determine the amount of alcohol in their wine.... My friend claims that he has tested his vinometer with whiskey and other alcoholic beverages of known alcohol strength, and it`s always been correct. >Has anyone ever heard of this device? Sure. Most brew/wine shops carry them. They work very well but, unfortunately, only on dry wine and booz. They are totally useless for beer. Mine says about 7% no matter what kind of beer I put in it, even NA. js Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 27 Aug 92 22:12:13 EDT From: Pierre Jelenc at cunixf.cc.columbia.edu Subject: copper; woodruff In HBD # 956, Tom Feller is getting problems with copper in his brew. Copper is quite poisonous, and can cause severe disorders, especially colic, diarrhea, and vomiting (and that's at low doses). I would recommend using the contaminated brews as slug bait. Copper is not such a problem at the beginning of the brewing process (copper kettle, lauter tun, chiller, etc) because yeast uses some copper for growth, and most of the rest precipitates into the trub as complexes with tannins. Once the beer has cleared, however, any additional copper will stay in solution. Alan Mayman asked about woodruff. There was a long discussion on the subject last year in the Beer Forum on Compuserve. From a German friend, I learned that woodruff has to be gathered early, as it just flowers, for best aroma. Then last summer, while visiting my parents in France, I found out that my father has a fairly nice patch of it in the back of the garden. It is a very unprepossessing plant with round leaves, the kind one would never pay attention to, although it is said that the little white flowers are very pretty. The aroma of woodruff is that of coumarin, and it is the basis of the green syrup that the Berliners put in their Berliner Weisse when they are not putting raspberry. Pierre Pierre Jelenc pcj1 at cunixf.cc.columbia.edu Columbia University, New York Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 27 Aug 92 11:54:39 CDT From: gelly at persoft.com (Mitch Gelly) Subject: Keg fermenting Greetings, Our mail got held up, and I just received two HBD's today, so the following may be slightly dated.... In one of Jacks previous posts... [ sorry, can't remember the issue # ] > Friday's Chicago Tribune had a great article on homebrewing.... [good!] [ ... deletia ... ] > What was even more peculiar was that the third picture was indeed of a > MALTMILL, but it was cropped in such a way that all one could see was the > hopper full of grain and the logo carefully excluded. > Now this normally would not bother anyone except that there was no shortage > of plugs in the article for gizmos for sale and places to buy, associated > with others in the article. > Do I detect a conspiracy? I would suspect not a conspiracy, but whether the editor of the Tribune has a USENET account, or reads the HBD .... ;-D Okay, now the real reason I'm here today. I was wondering if it would be possible to ferment in the primary as normal, and before the fermenting is complete rack into a 5 gal. soda keg, seal up, and let the ferment finish in there. I realize you'd probably have to time it right, but would that not eliminate the need to prime? Would the finishing ferment provide the carbonation? Am I risking death and dismemberment if I do this too soon? Has this been beaten to death before? :-> Cheers, Mitch - -- - Mitch Gelly - | ... upon being captured or killed, my employers software QA specialist | will disavow any knowledge of me or my posts ... and zymurgist | - gelly at persoft.com - | this .sig will self destruct in five seconds ..... Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 28 Aug 1992 09:44:27 -0400 (EDT) From: Paul Andrews <PANDREWS at HPB.HWC.CA> Subject: re:bringing brew from Europe re: bringing beer back from Europe. I don't know about Europe.. but I used to live in Texas about 3 years ago and would visit my friends back in Toronto on a regular basis. I had NO problem bringing back large amounts of beer! I recall one time clearing US customs at the Toronto airport and they asked the usual questions.. how long staying etc.. when I was asked if I had anything to declare... I simply unzipped my hockey bag I had to carry my junk onto the plane and showed the customs guy the 24 king cans of Molson Export I had. He just looked at it and said " I guess it's real hot in Texas" and stamped my passport! (mmm....memories of the Shiner Brewery... Shiner Texas.. just outside of Austin).. Paul Andrews: Health and Welfare Canada, Ottawa, Ontario pandrews at hpb.hwc.ca Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 28 Aug 92 10:23:37 EDT From: dipalma at banshee.sw.stratus.com (James Dipalma) Subject: RE: Bringing beer back, igloo cooler Hi All, In HBD#957, Chuck Cox writes: >>It is extremely rare taht >>returning Americans get their bags opened. >I have to strongly disagree with this statement. I have to go along with Chuck on this one, I have traveled extensively in Europe, Mexico, and the Carribean, always on a civilian passport. I have always breezed through customs when entering another country, the only times I was ever searched was re-entering my own country. Chuck is also correct that Boston is horrible. I was searched there because I was carrying a single bottle of gin through for a travelling companion. You get one bottle duty free, so I had'nt put it down on the declaration form. I was detained for 20 minutes while they searched through three suitcases full of dirty laundry. Poetic justice, I suppose. Another horrible re-entry point is at the Mexican border at San Ysidro. The pinheads down there think that if you're young, male, and carrying a bag then you are obviously smuggling drugs. Our tax dollars at work. *SIGH* Sorry for turning this into soc.politics or alt.drugs, gang, I did actually have a brewing related question. I recently aquired an Igloo 10 gallon round cooler, which I'd like to use for both mashing and sparging. The problem is the spigot is one of those push button types. I had planned to remove the spigot, bore out the hole with a hole saw, and replace it with the plastic tap from my existing lauter tun. A friend advised me that it's difficult to reseal these coolers once the original spigot is removed. He suggested I cut the end off the original spigot and replace it with a small threaded brass faucet. The problem is it's not obvious where to make the cut. The push button portion meets with the spout where the liquid comes out, I would have to cut it absolutely flush with the outer wall of the cooler to get a round hole. Anywhere else along the spigot, and the hole would be oblong, and would'nt take a threaded tap without leaking. Anyone else done this? (Kevin, I know you're out there). Any advice would be appreciated. Thanks, Jim Cheers, Jim Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 28 Aug 92 14:13 GMT From: Phillip Seitz <0004531571 at mcimail.com> Subject: Baking bottles Recently an HBD reader inquired about sanitizing bottles, and one respondant described his process for heat sanitizing. In summary, this consisted of cleaning the bottles, covering them with a 2" x 2" aluminum foil "cap", and then baking them for 1.5 hours at 400 degrees. I use an identical procedure, with the exception that I bake at 200 degrees for about half an hour. To be exact, I fill the oven and close it, turn on the heat, and turn it off after half an hour. As I understand it, sanitizing requires 170 degree heat, with a contact time of about 15 minutes. 200 at 20 minutes or so therefore already has a fudge factor built in. I've never had a problem with a contaminated bottle. I might also add that sanitizing with the aluminum cap on means you can leave the bottle unfilled for some time without losing your sanitary state. I'm too nervous to let my baked bottles sit for weeks, but I have done bottles the day before bottling. This is particularly convenient when you'll be bottling at someone else's house--you can show up with two cases ready to go. (Note: remove the aluminum foil before bottling!) My thanks to the infamous Mr. Pete, brew-devil of the great Northwest, for suggesting this technique. Last thoughts: I can fit a case of bottles into my oven. At 200 you can remove the bottles relatively quickly, and they don't take too long to cool--I've baked my bottles, set them out, and bottled within about 45 minutes. Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 28 Aug 92 10:41:18 EDT From: "Spencer W. Thomas" <Spencer.W.Thomas at med.umich.edu> Subject: Re: Cooling Wort Why chill your wort before the primary? In no particular order: 1. You can pitch sooner. (Reduces infection risk.) 2. You can do a full-volume boil (helps with hop utilization -- you can use less hops, and reduces caramelization). Note that with all-grain brewing you have to do a full-volume boil. 3. You get the "cold break" in the kettle (if you use an immersion chiller) instead of in the fermenter. Reduces trub volume in the fermenter and generally makes for a cleaner ferment (IMHO). 4. You have less risk of oxidation when transfering the wort from the kettle to the fermenter. In fact, you can aerate during the transfer or immediately after (or before, I suppose). At a minimum, oxidation will darken your wort. It can also lead to off-flavors (Note to potential flamers: I said "It CAN ...", not "It WILL". 5. I pitch the yeast into the brew kettle while the trub is settling. This way it (presumably) gets to use some of the nice proteinaceous material in the "break", but it doesn't sit on it throughout the whole fermentation. 6. You don't risk cracking your carboy with hot wort. =Spencer W. Thomas HSITN, U of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 spencer.thomas at med.umich.edu 313-747-2778 Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 28 Aug 92 10:50:16 EDT From: jim busch <busch at daacdev1.stx.com> Subject: Re:Sierra Yeast, Jim Busch Steve Kennedy wrote this in a recent digest: > From: Steve Kennedy <kennedy at ranger.enet.dec.com> > Subject: Yeast in SN's bottles/Foxx Equip > > Through another homebrew forum I was told that according to Dr Martin Shiller > of The Yeast Culture Kit Co., SN yeast out of the bottle is not the same as > their brewing yeast. According to him, SN cold filters the beer and then adds > a special conditioning yeast when they bottle. Therefore what you get form > the bottle isn't what SN uses for brewing. That said, I've heard people > have made brew using this "special conditioning yeast" with good results. > > I thought I needed to clarify this since I am the network access for Dr. Schiller. I just got off the phone with martin and we cleared up this confusion. We had a discussion a while back about different breweries that ferment with one yeast and condition with another. The obvious ones that come to mind are Bavarian HefeWeizens (top fermented with a single cell culture from Weinhenstephan that produces Banana esters and copious anoumts of phenolics due to the production of 4-vinyl guaiacol, filtered and repitched with a flocculant lager strain) and Belgium Ales (fermented with almost any mix of strains and often conditioned with another strain). Somehow this concept got confused with the process that Sierra Nevada employs. Sierra brews all of thier excellent ales with the same strain, an ale yeast that apparently originated from Narragansett (sp?). After primary fermentation is complete, the beer is filtered (I believe they sterile filter) and force carbonated in the bright beer tank. The carbonation level is above 2 atmospheres (about 90+% of the final carbonation). After this stage, the beer is primed with about 4 pounds of the SAME ale yeast per 200 BBls. This is an incredibly small amount of yeast for bottle conditioning and would not work well without the previous force carbonation of the product. This yeast then produces the final carbonation level desired. This method has numerous advantages over traditional krausening in that the initial product filtering helps to maintain quality control (remove any fermentation affected yeast cells, provide a sterile environment) possible fermentation modified stage allows the brewery to only add a minute amount of yeast (ever noticed how little yeast sediment is in a Sierra product?) Hope this helps clear up the confusion. Look for an upcoming post So, the yeast many of us culture from the Sierra bottles is actually the same yeast as that used in the fermentation, just healthier. Dont forget to culture up 1 liter for all five gallon starters. on my Counterflow, parallel-chiller from hell! Jim Busch busch at daacdev1.stx.com Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 28 Aug 1992 10:43:19 -0400 (EDT) From: Lester Paul Diamond <ld0h+ at andrew.cmu.edu> Subject: First Timer Question I started my first brew on Tuesday night. I think I did everything right so far. By Wednesday morning my airlock was bubbling away. The thing is that by Friday morning the bubbling appears to have stopped. It may be bubbling slowing, but I didn't stand around to check. There may be nothing wrong, but I've never been down this path before, so I'm not sure. Any advice or reassurances would be appreciated. Also, I'll be bottling next week, and I'm a bit concerned about sanitizing the bottles. I was going to use Chlorox in a large barrel and soak the bottle for a short time, then take then out and empty them. Ater that I was thinking of running them through a rinse and dry cycle in my dishwasher. Would this be OK? What if I just rinsed the bottles by hand and allowed them to drain upside down for a while? Thanks in advance. I'm excited about this first round. Lester Return to table of contents
Date: 28 Aug 92 09:56:57 EST From: George Kavanagh <GEORGE.KAVANAGH at office.wang.com> Subject: Airstat in a freezer? I have an unused chest-type freezer that would be perfect for fermentation if I could control the temperature. Years ago I rigged it up with a "cold roo thermostat to keep quantities of beer cool for parties, and it worked well enough, but the temp. varied quite a bit. ( I rigged up 2 muffin fans in a platform on the floor of the freezer to keep the air circulating on the theory that very chilly air would collect at the lower levels.) I have heard "Hunter Airstat" mentioned on the HBD: how closely will it regulate temp. in such a freezer?? Does anyone have experience in this area? Also, where can I get said Airstat device, if it is recommended?? Thx -gk Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 28 Aug 92 09:01:16 MDT From: resch at craycos.com (David Resch) Subject: Re: Using Cara-pils Tim McNerney writes: >Seeing as how I am interested in trying new stuff in my beer, I picked up >some cara-pils on my last visit to the homebrew store. Upon consulting >Papazian I learned that cara-pils needed to be mashed, but that it >contained no enzymes itself. I don't believe that cara-pils malt has to be mashed. Cara-pils (dextrin malt) is produced in much the same way as crystal malt, but kilned at a much lower temperature so as to impart little or no color. The process used to produce crystal and dextrin malt essentially "mashes" the grain in the husk. The malt is held at a temperature near the upper limit of the saccharification range in a 100% humidity environment for a period of time and then kilned. Thus, the starches in the grain are converted primarily to dextrins which is exactly what we want in order to add body, head retention, a little residual sweetness, etc. to our beer. A while back there was quite a debate in this forum as to whether these dextrins will be converted to simpler sugars during mashing and whether or not mashing negates the effect we are trying to achieve by adding them in the first place. As always many of us have our own opinions on this topic... As for throwing in a chicken beak and the heart of a cow killed at a full moon along with the Cara-pils, I always do this. Doesn't everyone? ;^) Dave Return to table of contents
Date: 28 Aug 92 08:36:40 U From: "Rad Equipment" <rad_equipment at rad-mac1.ucsf.EDU> Subject: Sierra Nevada Yeast Subject: Sierra Nevada Yeast Time:8:12 AM Date:8/28/92 Steve Kennedy writes: >Through another homebrew forum I was told that according to >Dr Martin Shiller of The Yeast Culture Kit Co., SN yeast out >of the bottle is not the same as their brewing yeast. According >to him, SN cold filters the beer and then adds a special >conditioning yeast when they bottle. Therefore what you get form >the bottle isn't what SN uses for brewing. That said, I've heard >people have made brew using this "special conditioning yeast" with >good results. This is partially correct. I have it from Steve Harrison at the brewery that they do filter their Pale Ale and then introduce yeast for culturing in the bottle. The yeast which is used is a washed version of the same yeast used to ferment the ale in the first place. So, while it isn't the exact yeast which fermented that particular batch, it is the same yeast strain. As long as we're talking SN yeast, Steve also told me that they do not re-use the yeast which goes into Bigfoot or Celebration Ale. They use the same yeast as for the Pale Ale but find that after the yeast gets through the higher alcohol fermentations of the other two products it mutates and behaves "very strangely". The yeast is dumped after these seasonal beers are brewed. This discussion was prompted when I tried to brew a Celebration clone using yeast from 3 bottles of last years' Celebration Ale. The yeast behaved like lager yeast in that it never formed the typical SN pancake, nor much of any foam on the surface of the primary. The beer came out fine, but I wouldn't do it again because of the unpredictability of the yeast. Other brewers I have spoken with have had similar experiences when trying to culture from Bigfoot bottles. I use SN yeast (from bottles) for all of my ales and have never had a problem. I take the dregs from 3 bottles and put them into a 1200 ml wort at about 1.035 with 1/8 teaspoon of nutrient. The starter is ready for use in 4 - 5 days. My 10 gallon primaries take off within 6 hours. RW... Russ Wigglesworth CI$: 72300,61 |~~| UCSF Medical Center Internet: Rad Equipment at RadMac1.ucsf.edu |HB|\ Dept. of Radiology, Rm. C-324 Voice: 415-476-3668 / 474-8126 (H) |__|/ San Francisco, CA 94143-0628 Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 28 Aug 92 09:49:20 -0600 From: Jon Binkley <binkley at beagle.Colorado.EDU> Subject: A plea for <= 80 character lines Just a friendly reminder that some of us read the Digest on antiquated equipment. My piece of sh** terminal, for example, doesn't even wrap lines properly, so any line over 80 chars. is hopelessly garbled. I missed much of two very interesting articles in today's digest. Thanks for your consideration!! Jon Binkley Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 28 Aug 1992 08:31:34 -0700 (PDT) From: Paul dArmond <paulf at henson.cc.wwu.edu> Subject: RE: Propane/NG indoors In HBD 579, Steve Anatasi asks about relative merits and safety of propane vs natural gas. For indoor use, **good ventilation** is very important. In a closed space, a burner can snarfle up a lot of the oxygen and replace it with CO2 and (to a much lesser extent) carbon monoxide. This doesn't bother the beer, but it might make you ill. Assuming the burners are working properly, there isn't much difference in the exhaust gasses from the two fuels. There is a considerable difference in safety, if you have a gas leak. Propane is heavier than air, tends to flow and pool like invisible gasoline. Propane also has a much wider explosive mixture % with air. If you are going to use propane indoors, test all your gas joints with soap solution to be sure they are leak-free. Another Great Moment in Brewing History: I once had an exciting adventure with an indoor propane leak. A supply hose for a burner on a bench-top developed a leak. My spark lighter ran out of flint after I had opened the tank valve. I turned the gas off at the burner, but this left the leaky hose still going. Because I had opened the valve without lighting the gas, there was some gas odor. I walked across the room, got a new flint and went back to the burner. I opened the burner valve and WHOOOMMMP!! Suddenly I had the entire benchtop aflame, with the flames spilling off the edge of the counter like a Niagra Falls of fire. As the fire hit the floor, it flashed the pool of propane that had collected around my feet. It was all over in the blink of an eye (now missing eyebrows). I was VERY surprised. I was very lucky that I hadn't dithered any longer getting the flint for the lighter. Propane does not need to be enclosed in order to be explosive. A friend of mine once watched his boss get tossed twenty feet by a propane explosion in an open storage nook on the outside of a building. All these horror stories aside, many homes and trailers use propane for heat and cooking. I have two burners that I use for brewing. Propane is less expensive to get started with, is more expensive per BTU. NG costs less to use and more to install. Use good ventilation and test for leaks. Paul de Armond -- Coor's Rocky Mt. VA sounds like intent to deceive.... Return to table of contents
Date: 28 Aug 92 09:02:38 U From: "Rad Equipment" <rad_equipment at rad-mac1.ucsf.EDU> Subject: Baking Bottles Subject: Baking Bottles Time:8:57 AM Date:8/28/92 David Klumpp outlines his method of sanitizing bottles in the oven. I have been using a similar approach. I use Anchor bottles and clean them as they empty, then soak them overnight in a mild bleach solution just prior to bottling. I then rinse with a jet-washer and hot tap water. Differing from Dave, I heat the rinsed, but still wet, bottles to 350 degrees and hold for 30 minutes. I figure the steam action produced helps a bit. I then allow the bottles to cool slowly to prevent cracking. I bottle as soon as the bottles are cool enough to handle. I warn you that I don't bottle too often. Perhaps a batch of barleywine and a holiday batch each year. Nevertheless, barleywine from 2 years ago is still clean and beast-free. RW... Russ Wigglesworth CI$: 72300,61 |~~| UCSF Medical Center Internet: Rad Equipment at RadMac1.ucsf.edu |HB|\ Dept. of Radiology, Rm. C-324 Voice: 415-476-3668 / 474-8126 (H) |__|/ San Francisco, CA 94143-0628 Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 28 Aug 92 09:07:24 -0700 From: sherwood at mv.us.adobe.com (Geoffrey Sherwood) Subject: labelling Well, everybody else has posted their labelling strategy; might as well join the fun. I used the dots like several other posters, white ones mostly (cause they didn't have colored ones in my earlier bottling days). I would take a date stamp and stamp the bottling date on all of them, then write enough description above and below the date to identify it. M/F Amber, HT was a common one (Munton & Fison Amber, Halletauer hops). Sure, it took a few minutes to write out 50 of these, but really not very long. When I was at max production I was about 7 batches ahead, drinking 5 or 6 of them at once. I would never have kept a cryptic batch number straight, but a simple 'IH Bitter' (Iron Horse Bitter), 'Georgie Brown Ale' or whatever meant I -- and my guests -- always knew what we were getting. Geoff Sherwood Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 28 Aug 92 09:49:01 PDT From: gak at wrs.com (Richard Stueven) Subject: Re: The Novice Revisited >Then there is the Peculiar Pub located on Bleeker St. in Greenwich >Village That's "Peculier", as in "Old". Eight million bottled beers at least. Last time I was there, they threw me out. My crime: being there by myself, instead of with a crowd of drunken posers. That was probably six years ago; maybe things have changed since then. gak Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 28 Aug 92 09:54:52 PDT From: gak at wrs.com (Richard Stueven) Subject: Re: Sassafras for Root Beer >Note that this product contains a carcinogen (according to earlier >posts). USE AT YOUR OWN RISK!!! Will you guys knock it of about sassafrass already? EVERYTHING IN THE WORLD is a carcinogen! We're all going to die anyway...let's have a little fun on our way. Jeez. gak Return to table of contents
Date: 28 Aug 1992 11:43:01 -0600 (MDT) From: JKL <JLAWRENCE at UH01.Colorado.EDU> Subject: Hartford Brewery, Bock Beer Recently I was on vacation in southern RI and managed to make a side trip to Hartford and The Hartford Brewery (on Pearl St., I believe). My husband, 2 small children and I arrived about 2:30 pm on a Tuesday, and the place was virtually deserted. The service was mediocre, at best, even with only 1 other customer. Also, I didn't even like the beer! It's very possible that my tastes are too pedestrian, and the beers offered a bit exotic. Has anyone out there tried these three (I got a sampler) and could tell me what it is that I tasted that I didn't like? For you hopheads, I think they were all VERY strongly hopped . . . Kolsch OG 1.038 very hoppy, golden color Pitbull Golden OG 1.042 even more hoppy, golden Bacchus Ale OG 1.062 dark brown, carmelized flavor, slightly sweet, burned(?) All 3 were moderately carbonated, and all seemed to me to have an unpleasant bitter aftertaste. They were brewing an IPA that day, but I couldn't wait around for it to be ready ;-). Thanks to all those who sent me suggestions for breweries in that area. Sorry this is the only one I got to. From the Longmont (Colorado) Daily Times-Call, L.M. Boyd's column: Q. Why is a goat always used as a symbol for Bock beer? A. Bock is the German word for goat. It was only in March that the Germans made that bock beer, and according to the old astrological tables, March was the goat month. - JKL Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 28 Aug 92 14:21:24 CDT From: stevie at spss.com Subject: no subject (file transmission) A number of people who are not from the Chicago area have asked me off-line about the recent Chicago Tribune article on homebrewing. It's true I had some quibbles with Jack Schmidling's comments on it, but on one thing we agree completely -- the article was great. In fact, it's certainly the best I've ever seen on our avocation in the general press. Homebrew clubs and sup- pliers might very well want to use this as an introduction to the uninitiated. With that in mind, I would be pleased to provide copies to interested parties. There is no charge. I'd consider it a public service. Just reply to me directly at the Internet address below. Please DO NOT send responses to the Homebrew Digest. Cheers! +------------------+---------------------------+---------------------------+ | Steve Hamburg | Internet: stevie at spss.com | "Life is short, and so | | SPSS Inc. | Phone: 312/329-3445 | are some brewers." | | Chicago, IL | Fax: 312/329-3657 | | +------------------+---------------------------+---------------------------+ Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 28 Aug 92 14:23:25 CDT From: stevie at spss.com Subject: Chicago Tribune Article A number of people who are not from the Chicago area have asked me off-line about the recent Chicago Tribune article on homebrewing. It's true I had some quibbles with Jack Schmidling's comments on it, but on one thing we agree completely -- the article was great. In fact, it's certainly the best I've ever seen on our avocation in the general press. Homebrew clubs and sup- pliers might very well want to use this as an introduction to the uninitiated. With that in mind, I would be pleased to provide copies to interested parties. There is no charge. I'd consider it a public service. Just reply to me directly at the Internet address below. Please DO NOT send responses to the Homebrew Digest. Cheers! +------------------+---------------------------+---------------------------+ | Steve Hamburg | Internet: stevie at spss.com | "Life is short, and so | | SPSS Inc. | Phone: 312/329-3445 | are some brewers." | | Chicago, IL | Fax: 312/329-3657 | | +------------------+---------------------------+---------------------------+ Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 28 Aug 92 13:24:03 MDT From: Bruce Hoylman <bruce at advtech.uswest.com> Subject: Re: Ice to cool wort I've done on the order of a dozen or so mostly extract brews with, getting fancier and fancier with adjuncts as I begin to understand the process. A co-worker who got me interested in brewing showed me how he cooled the wort by dumping it into a food-grade plastic primary that was filled with ~10lbs of ice. Nothing special ... just ice one can purchase at the grocery store! He's always done it that way, and that's the way I've done it too. I've not had *any* problems with this process to date, and I've really put some interesting beers together in the process. I find that the ice brings the wort done to temperature VERY quickly. I don't plan on changing my methods of wort chilling at this point. Maybe if I get more into all-grain brews (which I have ambitions of doing once I get bored with extracts) I'll change, but I'm more than satisfied with my current process and what comes out, namely a brew that I can call my own and one that is superior to most that can be purchased over the counter. Just my 2 bits worth. Peace. Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 27 Aug 1992 17:19:54 EDT From: bob at rsi.com (Bob Gorman) Subject: Re: B-Brite In HBD #953, Bob Gorman asks about B-Brite vs. non-chlorine bleach. To which Pierre Jelenc replies; > "Sodium percarbonate" is the common name of a molecular compound of > sodium carbonate and hydrogen peroxide, that for practical purposes > behaves like hydrogen peroxide itself. > > Sodium perborate in non-chlorine Clorox is another "active oxygen" > compound, this time truly the salt of a peracid. > > Peracids and peroxides all act similarly, by oxidizing organic materials, > especially proteins in the case of sanitizers. Ok, that was great! Now let's see if we can put this into practical terms. I could therefore _assume_; 1) That non-chlorine bleach could be used in place of B-Brite as a _cleaning_ agent. 2) That non-chlorine bleach could be used in place of B-Brite as a _sanitizing_ agent. Does this make sense? Can anyone offer more insight into the wonders of B-Brite vs. non-chlorine bleach? Thanks, - -- Bob Gorman bob at rsi.com Watertown MA US -- - -- Relational Semantics, Inc uunet!semantic!bob +1 617 926 0979 -- Return to table of contents
End of HOMEBREW Digest #958, 08/31/92