HOMEBREW Digest #1290 Mon 06 December 1993

Digest #1289 Digest #1291

		Rob Gardner, Digest Coordinator

  immersion chiller plans?? (Peter OConnor)
  Yeast FAQ, other docs, and a sake note (WEIX)
  BBC and water chemistry (Chuck Wettergreen)
  dilution (Steve Piatz)
  Dry versus Liquid Yeast (r.wize)
  Clarity and slow fermentation in first all-grain batch (Richard Nantel)
  Re: Ice Beer (James Clark)
  extract pouch extract extraction (mark.janello)
  Wort boiler screen (Dion Hollenbeck)
  Correction of Sierra Nevada Dry Hopping (Mark Garetz)
  A Killians Recipe (Kevin Yager)

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---------------------------------------------------------------------- Date: Sat, 4 Dec 93 10:51:30 EST From: poconnor at lager.tn.cornell.edu (Peter OConnor) Subject: immersion chiller plans?? In HBD#1289, Mark Stewart gave plans for an immersion chiller. Thank you Mark, but I have one question. What is the diameter of a Revereware 8 qt. stockpot? Pete Return to table of contents
Date: Sat, 04 Dec 1993 10:10:55 -0500 (CDT) From: WEIX at swmed.edu Subject: Yeast FAQ, other docs, and a sake note Hi, I am the author of the Yeast FAQ (actually chief editor is a better description). It does indeed exist. I have noticed that many people post to the digest asking for infomation on the retrieval of various FAQs or documents. I say to them: *READ THE HEADER OF THE DIGEST!* Every day it is the same, and every day it says: ->for archives, ftp to sierra.stanford.edu ->for archives without ftp access, email listserv at sierra.stanford.edu with the body of your message reading HELP. I am not a major techno, nor do I wish to start a flame, but I would implore all to skim the instructions at least once. That being said, I am going to update the yeast faq in a couple of weeks and would encourage any and all to send any new strain descriptions or techniques to me at weix at netcom.com. Sake: Isn't that just warm Bud without the hops? Serve me up a glass now! +-<:-) <-Pope smiley. Patrick Weix Return to table of contents
Date: Sat, 4 Dec 93 07:28:00 -0600 From: chuck.wettergreen at aquila.com (Chuck Wettergreen) Subject: BBC and water chemistry I just received in the mail an unsolicited four-color bi-fold *I'm not sure what this is* "advertisement" from The Boston Brewing Company. It begins on the cover with a history of the Koch Brewing Family. "James Koch - Brewer By Descent" and on the next page "Sam Adams - Brewer of Dissent" a history of Samuel Adams and his revolutionary exploits. Page three goes on to explain why James named his beer after Sam and why Patriot James started the company - "I wanted Samuel Adams Boston Lager to lead another kind of revolution - independence from imported beer." Page four continues the Koch famly travails from Germany to the land of opportunity, offers "Come for a tour" AND **offers a FREE Sam Adams T- shirt and a FREE subscription to the Boston Beer Company Quarterly Newsletter** !!! The last line on the FREE offer asks me to check *one* of the following, "I am a: Beer Lover, Retailer, Distributor, Brewer." I'm not quite sure what to make of this. Could all of Al's talk on HBD of the "B" word have had an effect? ************************************ On another subject... My water, according to the city water report, has 300 ppm of carbonates. When I boil it to precipitate carbonates out, how many (ppm) could I expect to remain in solution? Also, why does my Ph go UP after I boil it? Shouldn't precipitating out the carbonates *reduce* hardness and consequently Ph? Chuck * RM 1.2 00946 * Return to table of contents
Date: Sat, 4 Dec 93 11:16:26 CST From: piatz at tamarack.cray.com (Steve Piatz) Subject: dilution In HBD 1289, Cushing Hamlen asks: > Has anyone ever done a study of wort SG as a function of dilution? > Papazian gives some guidelines for dilution, but I am looking for > a curve, or better yet an analytical function fit to experimental data. I posted this to the digest a long time ago (that means I don't remember when). I think the analysis behind this was fairly straightforward (and I don't remember that either). I think it is correct for dilution prior to fermentation, I don't know about after fermentation since the alcohol may throw my simplistic approach off. I originally did this when I made an imperial stout that boiled off too much water while getting the hop boil time. I wanted to get back to the planned gravity and Papazian's tables didn't cover the range I needed. Example usage: assume 5 gallons of 1.100 wort diluted with 1 gallon of water to get 6 gallons of 1.083 wort. We added 20% of the original volume as additional water, intersection of 1.100 row and 20% column. | Dilution By O.G. | 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% - ------|---------------------------------------------------------------------- 1.010 | 1.010 1.009 1.009 1.008 1.008 1.008 1.007 1.007 1.007 1.007 1.015 | 1.014 1.014 1.013 1.012 1.012 1.012 1.011 1.011 1.010 1.010 1.020 | 1.019 1.018 1.017 1.017 1.016 1.015 1.015 1.014 1.014 1.013 1.025 | 1.024 1.023 1.022 1.021 1.020 1.019 1.019 1.018 1.017 1.017 1.030 | 1.029 1.027 1.026 1.025 1.024 1.023 1.022 1.021 1.021 1.020 1.035 | 1.033 1.032 1.030 1.029 1.028 1.027 1.026 1.025 1.024 1.023 1.040 | 1.038 1.036 1.035 1.033 1.032 1.031 1.030 1.029 1.028 1.027 1.045 | 1.043 1.041 1.039 1.037 1.036 1.035 1.033 1.032 1.031 1.030 1.050 | 1.048 1.045 1.043 1.042 1.040 1.038 1.037 1.036 1.034 1.033 1.055 | 1.052 1.050 1.048 1.046 1.044 1.042 1.041 1.039 1.038 1.037 1.060 | 1.057 1.055 1.052 1.050 1.048 1.046 1.044 1.043 1.041 1.040 1.065 | 1.062 1.059 1.057 1.054 1.052 1.050 1.048 1.046 1.045 1.043 1.070 | 1.067 1.064 1.061 1.058 1.056 1.054 1.052 1.050 1.048 1.047 1.075 | 1.071 1.068 1.065 1.062 1.060 1.058 1.056 1.054 1.052 1.050 1.080 | 1.076 1.073 1.070 1.067 1.064 1.062 1.059 1.057 1.055 1.053 1.085 | 1.081 1.077 1.074 1.071 1.068 1.065 1.063 1.061 1.059 1.057 1.090 | 1.086 1.082 1.078 1.075 1.072 1.069 1.067 1.064 1.062 1.060 1.095 | 1.090 1.086 1.083 1.079 1.076 1.073 1.070 1.068 1.066 1.063 1.100 | 1.095 1.091 1.087 1.083 1.080 1.077 1.074 1.071 1.069 1.067 1.105 | 1.100 1.095 1.091 1.087 1.084 1.081 1.078 1.075 1.072 1.070 1.110 | 1.105 1.100 1.096 1.092 1.088 1.085 1.081 1.079 1.076 1.073 1.115 | 1.110 1.105 1.100 1.096 1.092 1.088 1.085 1.082 1.079 1.077 1.120 | 1.114 1.109 1.104 1.100 1.096 1.092 1.089 1.086 1.083 1.080 1.125 | 1.119 1.114 1.109 1.104 1.100 1.096 1.093 1.089 1.086 1.083 1.130 | 1.124 1.118 1.113 1.108 1.104 1.100 1.096 1.093 1.090 1.087 1.135 | 1.129 1.123 1.117 1.112 1.108 1.104 1.100 1.096 1.093 1.090 1.140 | 1.133 1.127 1.122 1.117 1.112 1.108 1.104 1.100 1.097 1.093 1.145 | 1.138 1.132 1.126 1.121 1.116 1.112 1.107 1.104 1.100 1.097 1.150 | 1.143 1.136 1.130 1.125 1.120 1.115 1.111 1.107 1.103 1.100 1.155 | 1.148 1.141 1.135 1.129 1.124 1.119 1.115 1.111 1.107 1.103 I suppose you could take the data and pass it to GNUplot if you want curves. The program to generate the table follows. #include <stdio.h> #define NUM_PERCENT 10 /* number of columns */ #define NUM_GRAVITY 30 /* number of rows */ #define PERCENT_STEP 0.05 /* percentage per column */ #define GRAVITY_STEP 0.005 /* gravity per row */ #define INITIAL_GRAVITY 1.010 /* gravity for first row */ #define INITIAL_PERCENT PERCENT_STEP /* percentage for first column */ main () { int i; int j; float og, fg; float dv; float dvp; printf (" | Dilution By\n"); printf (" O.G. | "); for (j = 0; j < NUM_PERCENT; j++) printf (" %3.0f%% ", 100.0 * PERCENT_STEP * (1 + j)); printf ("\n"); printf ("-------|-"); for (j = 0; j < NUM_PERCENT; j++) printf ("-------"); printf ("\n"); og = INITIAL_GRAVITY - GRAVITY_STEP; for (i = 0; i < NUM_GRAVITY; i++) { og += GRAVITY_STEP; printf ("%6.3f | ", og); dvp = INITIAL_PERCENT - PERCENT_STEP; for (j = 0; j < NUM_PERCENT; j++) { dvp += PERCENT_STEP; fg = (og + dvp) / (1.0 + dvp); printf ("%6.3f ", fg); } printf ("\n"); } exit (); } Steve Piatz Cray Research, Inc. steve.piatz at cray.com 655F Lone Oak Drive 612-683-5268 Eagan, MN 55121 Return to table of contents
Date: Sat, 4 Dec 93 20:49:00 BST From: r.wize at genie.geis.com Subject: Dry versus Liquid Yeast In recent HBD's there has been a number of comments concerning dry vs. liquid yeast. I thought I would share what I tasted on a recent trip to a couple of Brewpubs in Rochester, NY. I had the ocassion to eat dinner at a brewpub called Rorhbachs. Their beer was verrrrrry good. They had a terrific highly hopped lager called Gregory Street Lager. The beer was one of the best I have tried to date. After discussing it with the bartender he asked me if I would like a tour. Obviously I was overjoyed at the opportunity! The brewmaster was on site and proceeded to show me the facility. I found that they used Belgium Malt (all grain process) and Wyeast to brew the beer. The next day I had the chance to stop at the Rochester Brewpub and try a couple of their brews. I was definitely not as thrilled with their beer (however, overall it wasn't bad). As I was looking at the facility I once again had the opportunity to discuss brewing with the brewmaster. To my surprise I found the process to be Malt Extract and Whitbread dry yeast. The difference between what I had tasted the day before was remarkable, the liquid yeast was clean while the Whitbread had definitive tastes left in the beer. Now the kicker, I had brewed the day before Thanksgiving an all grain Pale that I had planned on using a liquid lager yeast (I was attempting a steam). However after 2 1/2 days of no activity (I had used a slant of yeast about 3 months old) I decided to attempt to rescue the beer with the only viable option, a packet of Whitbread dry which had been in the fridge since the summer. The brew took off in 3 hours and fermentation was very active. Last night I racked to the secondary and as usual tried a small glass of beer. The beer tasted exactly like the beer in the Rochester Brewpub!! Although the beer is still drinkable, I definetely have converted myself to liquid yeast from here on out. Return to table of contents
Date: 04 Dec 93 16:01:27 EST From: Richard Nantel <72704.3003 at CompuServe.COM> Subject: Clarity and slow fermentation in first all-grain batch My first batch of all grain beer was racked two days ago. The recipe followed was almost exactly Papazian's Amaizeing Pale Ale from The New Complete Joy of Homebrewing. Two things worry me about this batch. I've been brewing for nearly two years using malt extracts and have never before encountered these quirks: 1. The fermentation with Edme's dried yeast, (no starter--too busy that week) was strong for the first 48 hours and then continued at a slow rate for another six days. I've never left beer in a primary longer than one week and yet may have jumped the gun racking this after 8 days. At racking, my airlock was bubbling about once a minute and the SG was 1.012 for two consecutive days (down from 1.046), The temperature was a steady 73 degrees F. Does all-grain brewing produce a slower but longer-fermenting wort? 2. Although I was very careful not to disturb the sediment during siphoning, this beer is very cloudy. Of course I've assumed some of this cloudiness is yeast from possibly premature racking. I suspect, though, that there's a fair amount of particle matter from the grains washed off during sparging. I sparged through a depth of about 7-8 inches of grain. Is this cloudiness normal in all-grain brewing? I'll sample a bottle in one week (if they haven't all exploded from premature racking). A taste at bottling was promising, featuring a wonderful hoppy nose yet encounterd brewing with extracts. Richard Nantel Montreal, Quebec Canada 72704,3003 at compuserve.com Return to table of contents
Date: Sat, 4 Dec 1993 14:24:42 -0500 From: jeclark at ucdavis.edu (James Clark) Subject: Re: Ice Beer >Andy Pastuszak writes: >I had the chance to taste Molson Ice a couple of days ago. Let me >tell you, the beer has no aftertaste whatsoever, but IT HAS NO TASTE >EITHER. This baby is made just for the American market where people >liek their beers with as little taste as possible. <snip> >Anyone else had the chance to try any ice beer? yea, i tried some budweiser ice draft (i was at a friends house and he was swilling it. i didn't buy it, HONEST!). i think this is similar to the molson ice. i have to agree with andy. STAY AWAY FROM THE STUFF. no tase at all. i hear they use more corn to give it a smoother flavor. this reminds me of something: five years ago i was involved in an exchange program with german students. when they were over here king cobra was still being advertised on t.v. the adds said, "goes down smooth with no after taste." i remember the german students rolling on the ground with laughter after hearing this. i asked one what was so funny (at this time i had never really tried any beer) and he said, "beer with no aftertaste? the after taste is the most important part of the beer!" three months later i was in germany. i tasted real beer for the first time and found out that he was right. - --james Return to table of contents
Date: Sat, 4 Dec 93 19:23:22 EST From: mark.janello at um.cc.umich.edu Subject: extract pouch extract extraction Larry Richardson <richards at priacc.com> asked about easy/efficient ways to get all the extract out of those pouches. Just put them in the microwave. I do mine a minute, then squeeze around awhile, then another minute, &c, until they are quite warm and very soft and squishy (very fun). You could also put them in a sink of hot water or even boil them; I think they are made of the same stuff that Green Giant Niblets in Butter Sauce pouches are made of. At least the pouches I've been getting are claimed to be boil-proof. Ask your supplier. When they are all soft cut a corner off and hold by the opposite corner. Then you can stir at the same time to avoid scorching. Some more squeezing will get most of the stuff out and a cup or so of hot water put in and then shaken around will get the rest. Not much more irritating than cans, really -mark mark.janello at um.cc.umich.edu University of Michigan School of Music Return to table of contents
Date: Sat, 4 Dec 93 20:35:04 PST From: hollen at megatek.com (Dion Hollenbeck) Subject: Wort boiler screen I just had a disaster with the screen on my wort boiler plugging with hops. I just started all grain 5 gal boils and this is my third batch. The previous batches did not plug with hops. I have a Sankey keg with the top cut out for a boiler. I have welded a nipple in the side, about 2" from the bottom and right over the center is an elbow and short nipple which dip down to within 1/2" of thte bottom. The end of the nipple is covered with a coarse screen. I have no idea why it did not plug up the first two times, but did this time. Here are my questions. If you are using a Chore Girl or an EasyMasher, since both of them are just screens, why do they not plug up? If you have any other methods, please share them. Return to table of contents
Date: Sat, 4 Dec 93 22:10:12 PST From: Mark Garetz <mgaretz at hoptech.com> Subject: Correction of Sierra Nevada Dry Hopping I was wrong in my post the other day when I said that Sierra Nevada was now dry-hopping their pale ale instead of using the hop back. They are no longer using the hop back, but they do not dry hop the pale ale. Martin Wilde advised me of this via email, and I double-checked with others who were on the tour. The only beers that they dry hop are the Bigfoot Barley Wine and the Celebration Ale. The pale ale is bitter-hopped with a combination of Perle and Nugget hops at the beginning of the boil, with additions of Cascade at 30 minutes to go and at the end of the boil, which they allow to steep for 20 minutes before chilling the wort. Sorry for the misinformation. Mark Return to table of contents
Date: Sun, 5 Dec 1993 07:37:34 -0500 From: ukcy at sunyit.edu (Kevin Yager) Subject: A Killians Recipe A friend of mine enjoys drinking Killians Red when he is not drinking his own homebrew. If anyone has a recipe which produces beer like Killians could you please Email it to me. Thank you in advance. Kevin ukcy at sunyit.edu Return to table of contents
End of HOMEBREW Digest #1290, 12/06/93