HOMEBREW Digest #1897 Thu 30 November 1995

Digest #1896 Digest #1898

		Rob Gardner, Digest Janitor

  Underestimating water (Jeffrey M. Collins)
  Please take me off mail list. (Woodog8)
  Yeasty thoughts and relative brewery sizes (Rich Gibson)
  Carbonation Problems (Raymond Louvier )
  Re: Your Beer's gushing (Alejandro Midence)
  RE: Electric vs Gas vs Propane (Brad Roach)
  water and wheat (Steve Comella)
  Re: Laaglager DME ("Philip Gravel")
  2 bbl brewery (Nir Navot)
  JS Malt Mill v. Brewers Resource Malt Mill ("James Hojel")
  sparging rates ("Taber, Bruce")
  Propane use / inside cooking (Denis Barsalo)
  Stopper stuck in carboy ("Jim Webb")
  Re: Boiled kegs (Bob McCowan)
  Mash tun/Specialty Grains?/Propane (Ed Winters )
  extract storage (Adam Rich)
  another caramel ? (Larry N. Lowe)
  Re: Bread yeast and beer (Jeff Renner)
  fritz vs. jim redux ("Dulisse, Brian")
  Compressed air (Pierre Jelenc)
  Re: Wort to Prime (Gary McCarthy)
  Filters/Koch/Dilution (Jim Busch)
  Belgium Select (Thomas Williams)
  Gas Burners (Ronald J. La Borde)
  Sanitizing kegs (Scott Kaczorowski)
  Stoppers inside carboys (Brad Brim)
  Whiney Taste? (Russell Mast)
  ultracontaminated beer/homebrewers in Oslo? (Carl Etnier)

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---------------------------------------------------------------------- Date: Tue, 28 Nov 1995 17:02:40 -0600 From: jcollin2 at students.wisc.edu (Jeffrey M. Collins) Subject: Underestimating water I've recently switched to all-grain brewing, and I find that I'm not getting a full five gallons when I follow the charts. Most recent batch (now in the fermenter): 8 lbs. english 2-row 4 oz. German 2-row (gettin' rid of leftovers) 1 lb. 60L crystal 3 oz. Chocolate I mashed in with 2.375 gallons 170 degree F water, stabilized at 151 degrees F, 1 hour 30 minutes. Sparged with 4 1/2 gallons 170 degree F water, 55 minutes. Added a quart to the boil. Boiled for just over an hour. Yield to primary was just over 4 gallons, S.G. 1.061. I added 10 cups water to bring it up to the 5 gallon mark, S.G. 1.053. Ideally, shouldn't I be getting 5.5 gallons in the primary? I can see where I was a quart short on my sparge water, but I ended up a gallon short overall. I know the water evaporated in the boil is variable depending on time, but I only boiled an hour, on an electric stove. Additionally, 1.06 seems like a reasonable S.G. for 9 1/2 lbs. of grain, perhaps a bit low with the addition of a pound of honey to the boil. Granted, my technique probably needs refining. I think I'm missing something... any help is appreciated. To end on a happy note: Ale is now fermenting nicely in my 62 degree F basement. It'll just be a bit lighter than I planned. - -------------- Jeffrey M. Collins Tri rudai faoin ol: e ol, University of Wisconsin e iompair, agus e ioc. Medical School Three things about the drink: jcollin2 at students.wisc.edu to drink it, to hold it, and to pay for it. Mail to Jolene Seymour Collins --Seanfhochail can also be sent here. Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 28 Nov 1995 18:44:11 -0500 From: Woodog8 at aol.com Subject: Please take me off mail list. please take me off the mail list. thank you.... Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 28 Nov 1995 16:16:07 -0800 (PST) From: Rich Gibson <drahcirr at netcom.com> Subject: Yeasty thoughts and relative brewery sizes I toured the Golden City Brewery on their second anniversary. They lager their ales for several days to clarify them. They know when it is time to bottle because they use a microscope and a special calibrated slide (this slide had a big long name, which I can't remember) to count yeasties. When the population is the right number (which, of course, I can't remember) they bottle. This ensures that they get enough yeast to bottle condition, while minimizing the amount of sediment. I liked this approach, so I pulled out a garage sale microscope that I had and spent an evening looking at beer. Does any one have any thoughts on approximating a yeast count without a special slide? (or perhaps, making a special calibration slide somehow?). How big are the various nasties that infect beer? Would they be visible under a cheapie microscope? On the issue of breweries in Golden Colorado... There are three commercial breweries (that I know of) in Golden. One, the world's largest brewery, supposedly decided that they didn't want to pay city taxes, and so deannexed themselves from Golden in the 50's. Another brews Sake, and is not within the city limits. The third one, the Golden City Brewery is right off of downtown, and advertises itself as the 'Second Largest Brewery in Golden.' By my count, they are really either the largest brewery _in_ Golden, or the third largest (as the Sake brewery produces more sake then they produce beer). Rich Gibson drahcirr at netcom.com Vieviendo en mi una pedazo de tierra, cerca de Golden Colorado - -------------------------------------------------------------------------- If you can't trust me with a choice, how can you trust me with an Hawaiian pizza? Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 28 Nov 1995 17:12:22 -0800 From: rlouvier at ix.netcom.com (Raymond Louvier ) Subject: Carbonation Problems Hi fellow brewers, I have a question concerning the carbonation of a Abbey Ale I just brewed 4 weeks ago. I have had it in the bottle for 2 weeks now and just opened a couple of bottles to sample. When I first open the beer seems carbonated well enough, but after a few minutes it just goes flat. It was a five gallon batch OG was 1.047 and FG 1.010. I primed with 1 cup of corn sugar. This is the first time I have ever had a problem with carbonation. Any suggestions? Also I used the Wyeast Belgian Abbey Ale yeast and boy what a strong Clove smell and banana taste. Is this common with this strain. I will admit my fermentation temperatures are around 78 degrees. Is this contributing to the strong aroma and taste. Private E-Mail or Post is fine. TIA, Ray Louvier Houston,Texas Brewing for one year now and never going back. Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 28 Nov 1995 19:21:57 -0600 From: Alejandro Midence <alex at conline.com> Subject: Re: Your Beer's gushing Warning: This is quite long. On Tue, 28 Nov 1995, Steven W. Schultz wrote: (snip) > This *one* beer bottle didn't get shaken or > dropped, did it? Actually, no. I handle my bottles very carefully when ever I transport them anywhere. It's never been shaken or droppped. I *did* move the bottles from my garage to the kitchen because of the weather. It hit forty in there a coupla days and doubtless threw the yeast into hibernation so, I moved it to the kitchen which was at about sixty degrees f (19 c). > 2. Did you bulk prime or add a measured amount of sugar to each > bottle? I used 3/4 c of dextros boiled in about one pt of water. Nothing outa the ordinary. Cooled priming solution to about sixtyish and poured it right in, stirring with a sanitized plastic spoon thereafter to mix well. Then, I let it sit for about an hour before I started bottling. (allusions to possible contamination via adding sugar individualy to each botle deleted) > 3. How did the beer taste? All of my contaminated beers have > had just a slight off-smell and off-taste. You QUICKLY learn to recognize > the smell and taste. As time goes by, the smell and taste - especially > the taste - will get worse. The only thing you can do about it is keep > the beer as cold as possible, and drink the whole batch up immediately. > Time is the enemy. The beer tasted fine. I've made this stuff before and tasted just the same. Bittersweet, roasted barley flavor complemented by caramel sweetness derived from crystal. Subtle hop flavor and very slight hop aroma due to 1/2 oz of fuggles added five mins before end of boil. Slight burned flavor from black pattent in background. All of this complimented by a yeasty flavor from the Irish Ale yeast I used. I'll take your advice of drinking it up after chilling all bottles. You sem to agree with most of the others who have be so good as to respond. > 4. It's too early to panic, that's for sure. Another > explanation is that one or more of your bottles were not adequately > sanitized. This could mean that this *one* gusher, and perhaps a few > others, are contaminated. That's not the end of the world-- at least you > have some good beers to show for your troubles. (Speculations as to whether I added 3/4 lb or one lb instead of the proper 3/4 to 1 c of dextros deleted. I dare say I'd have had more than gushers to show for *those* troubles. Following is some more advice that was given me which corolated with that of other gracious responders.) > TODAY, > chill the bottles to near-freezing, then open them to release some > carbonation, then immediately re-cap. There are probably other, better, > suggestions. Another suggestion I was given was to put the bottles in boiling water to pasturize and kill yeast+contaminating bacteria thereby eliminating the worry of further, more volatile carbonation. I chose to copy this particular message since this one seemed to be the most complete set of suggestions common to all the kind folks who responded. To all of you, I am indebted. As you can all see, I made some references to the other responses I got where they added some suggestions which Steve had not made. Hope this has been to benefit to others in my predicament. I apologize if this posting was rather long. Alex <><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><> If I were to tell you that everything I say is a lie, and then if I were to turn around and say that what I just told you is the truth, would you believe me? <><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><> Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 28 Nov 95 17:42:42 PST From: b_roach at emulex.com (Brad Roach) Subject: RE: Electric vs Gas vs Propane > What about those outdoor cookers everybody is using. Can I use one >when it's -10F outside? Can they be modified to be used with natural gas? >(That way I could use it inside) I just bought a natural gas/propane burner that can be converted between the two gases by adjusting the gas flow. I have not tried it yet but it looks great and it was cheap! $40 U.S. The only problem was that I bought it Kona, Hawaii. For some reason, there is a big market in Hawaii for this type of burners because the price was less than half the best price that I found in the mainland. <disclaimer> I have no affiliation with this business. The store name is: GasPro in Kona, Hawaii and they will ship. If you want more details, let me know via private Email and I will pass along the results and the phone #. Brad Roach Newport Beach, Calif. Return to table of contents
Date: Tue, 28 Nov 1995 21:58:23 -0700 From: brew2u at azstarnet.com (Steve Comella) Subject: water and wheat A couple of questions for the collective knowledge base: I recently received an analysis of my water and am somewhat baffled. I've read the previous threads on this subject, and just finished reading the section on water in G. Noonan's "Brewing Lager Beer". It appears that I need to add lactic acid (ordered today) to my mashing regime instead of gypsum, but after reading the various articles, perhaps I need to just buy bottled water. My water supply here in Tucson goes like this: PH-7.48 Total dissolved solids-595 Hardness calc.-295 Bicarbonate alkalinity-219 Chloride-37.5 Sulfate-192 Sodium-74 Calcium-90 Magnesium-17 Based on this info, I *think* it is a permanent hardness, which is not very conducive to brewing light beers (based upon my reading). Question: Is there anything that can be done here, including diluting my tap water with distilled water? I must admit that my introduction to chemistry ~20 years ago was a quickly forgotten one. My second question: Having just ordered a JS Maltmill (non-adjustable) today, I decided to stock up on some grains. Since I love Belgian White beer, I found and bought a 50 pound sack of domestic hard red unmalted winter wheat. However, when I opened the sack, I saw that this type of wheat is much smaller in size than the wheat that I had previously used. In fact, it looks like it would just fall through the opening in the mill. Is this type of grain more suited for a Corona-type mill, or will I just be making bread for the next three years? I guess I got so excited after successfully brewing my first all-grain batch, I may have jumped the gun on this one. Maybe I could use it at weddings instead of rice........... TIA for any help here. The past information passed on within this group has reduced my all-grain hebejebe's to mere occasional shivers. Thank you. Steve Comella brew2u at azstarnet.com Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 29 Nov 1995 00:10:41 -0600 (CST) From: "Philip Gravel" <pgravel at mcs.com> Subject: Re: Laaglager DME ===> Michael R. Swan asks about Laaglander dried malt extract: > I had read on the HBD that Laaglander dry malt extract was useful if > you were trying to brew a beer with a high final gravity because it contains > a lot of unfermentables. However, after buying some (but before using it), I > came across a posting on rec.crafts brewing that said that Laaglander should > *not* be used because it turns out beer with a "sour off-flavor". The post > also mentioned that this extract has a small percentage of corn sugar in it. > > Does anyone know if this is true? I personally have not heard of this problem except for the recent posting to r.c.b that you note. I have read many statements about the amount of non-fermentables Laaglander DME has and the fact that it tends to produce beers with higher final gravities. I have only seen the one isolated claim a sour, off-flavor with this malt extract. Without supporting evidence, I have to wonder whether sanitation problems led to an infection that caused the sourness and off flavors. - -- Phil _____________________________________________________________ Philip Gravel Lisle, Illinois pgravel at mcs.net Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 29 Nov 1995 14:26:02 +0200 From: diagen at netvision.net.il (Nir Navot) Subject: 2 bbl brewery I am looking for plans, technical drawings, suggestions and tips for the construction of a 1-2 BBL pilot plant / brewery. Got any to share with me? TIA. Nir. Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 29 Nov 95 00:04:55 UT From: "James Hojel" <JTroy at msn.com> Subject: JS Malt Mill v. Brewers Resource Malt Mill Does anyone know if the JS Malt Mill that has been talked about so much is the same one as the Malt Mill in the Brewers Resource catalog? If not, does anyone have any input on the BR mill v. JS mill? Thanks, JTH Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 29 Nov 95 08:53:00 EST From: "Taber, Bruce" <BRUCE.TABER at NRC.CA> Subject: sparging rates Here's a simple little question. As I understand it, if I sparge too fast I will achieve a lower extraction from the grains. If I sparge too slow I will risk extracting tannins from the grain. Maybe these statement are too simplistic, or maybe completely wrong. My question is - Is there a recommended sparging rate (ie. gal / hr ) ? Let the opinions fly ! Bruce Taber taber at irc.lan.nrc.ca Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 29 Nov 1995 09:10:56 -0500 From: denisb at CAM.ORG (Denis Barsalo) Subject: Propane use / inside cooking Denis Barsalo wrote: >> What about those outdoor cookers everybody is using. Can I use one >>when it's -10F outside? Can they be modified to be used with natural gas? >>(That way I could use it inside) Then Bob McCowan wrote: >Does converting a cajun cooker to NG really make it safe to use inside? Is >propane always unsafe? Seems to me that many rural houses cook with propane >and the inhabitants are not dying of CO poisoning. The problem as I understand it is not a CO issue but more the fact that propane is heavier than air. Any slight leak or unburned fuel will collect in the basement of your house. Sooner or later, an open flame will ingnite it and then *BOOM*! Denis Barsalo Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 29 Nov 95 13:53:01 -0500 From: "Jim Webb" <"webb_j%Organization=Mineral Sector Analysis Branch%Telephone=705-670-5889" at a1.torv05.umc> Subject: Stopper stuck in carboy [This message is converted from WPS-PLUS to ASCII] Chuck Burkins asked: >So does anyone know how to remove the $0.79 stopper without >breaking the $20.00 carboy?. I use this carboy as my secondary. >I have considered just sanitizing the carboy, stopper and all, >and using it for my secondary anyway, but I am worried about >what can be extracted out of a gum stopper by 3-5% ethanol. Am I >worrying too much? Is My Carboy Ruined ? (IMCR?) Any help would >be greatly appreciated. Although I haven't had a stopper stuck in a carboy, I think the problem is the same as a cork pushed into a wine bottle -- a problem that is easily and sneakily solved. Here is an trick I learned while working in the bush as a geologist: HOW TO OPEN A WINE BOTTLE WITHOUT A CORKSCREW (OR REMOVE A FLOATING BUNG IN A CARBOY): - Push the cork into the bottle (on purpose). The cork will float into the narrowed neck of the bottle. - Tie a knot into the end of a shoelace and thread it into the bottle past the cork until the knot is below the cork - Start pulling up gently and steadily. The shoelace, with the knot below the cork, will be squeezed between the cork and the glass and will pull the cork out quite easily. I think this will work on a carboy -- fill the carboy with water and make sure the stopper is in an upright (or upside down) position. Let us know if it works -- I've seen this question posed on the HBD before, without anyone providing an answer. Jim Webb Sudbury Ontario Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 29 Nov 1995 09:38:52 -0500 From: Bob McCowan <bob.mccowan at cfrp.varian.com> Subject: Re: Boiled kegs >Mike> Is boiling water a viable means of sanitizing cornelius kegs? I >Mike> have been pouring a couple of quarts of boiling water and >Mike> sloshing in my cornys between the last few batches, and haven't >Mike> yet had an infection problem. >I truly don't believe this is adequate. Do you force water out of all >the QD fittings? Even if you do, boiling water is not sufficient. >Boiling *in* water for a prolonged period of time is, but just adding >boiling water is not. > True enough, but if you sanitize with iodophor and you fewel the need to rinse, then a boiled water rinse is reasonable. The O-rings should be able to take it. You could fill the thing with 200F+ water and let it sit for a while. Of course, if your prior batch was not infected, chances are you can get away with just this rinse. Make sure that the inside is clean, and you're most of the way there. Hot water (w/TSP or B-Brite) through the fittings helps clean them out. The following was suggested to me. >For the Cleaning of Kegs, try the powderd line cleaner. >I've used it for my 15.5 gal Brewing kegs and my five >gallon soda kegs. It works great for cleaning and is >designed for Beer Draft Systems. > >Stephen ><stephen at ccnet.com> I haven't tried this yet, but may look for a source. BTW, sorry about my last post, I guess I didn't to a good job w/ cut and paste. Bob McCowan bob.mccowan at cfrp.varian.com Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 29 Nov 95 09:38:05 EST From: winters at ICD.Teradyne.COM (Ed Winters ) Subject: Mash tun/Specialty Grains?/Propane Mash Tun I bought a round Gott cooler for my mashing when I began all-grain several years ago. It was a disaster! I believed I could just simply add boiling water to increase the temp. Well, as the volume increases, so does the required amount of water. Before I knew what was going on, I was out of hot water and the mash was soup! "Don't worry, have a Homebrew!" my book said. So I did. The brew turned out OK. Lately I have been mashing in a stainless pot (rapped in a blanket). Add boiling water for major temp jumps and on the stove (low low heat) for fine adjustments. How do you "cooler" users add heat to the mash? Specialty Grains Thanks Charlie for the first good explanation of how "Crystal Malt" is made. (Homebrew Digest #1896) But what are some of those other specialty malts? Toasted malt is obvious. I believe Black malt is nothing more that burnt barley. What about Chocolate malt, dextrin malt? How are they made? Anybody know? Propane I brewed a all-grain last weekend with my King-Cooker burner indoors! My kitchen is about as small as they get. I'm not DEAD! I never even got any symptoms of CO intoxication. I just set my cooker close to my stove and turned on the exhaust fan high (vents outside). I boiled 3 gal for mash/sparging and boiled the wort for 1 hour. It was going for nearly three hours! Am I killing more brain cells than my beer is? Ed Winters winters at ICD.Teradyne.COM Boston, Ma Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 29 Nov 1995 09:39:14 -0600 From: rich.adam at mayo.edu (Adam Rich) Subject: extract storage Hello: I am wonderign about the storage of malt extract. I have taken to buying 40lb containers of extract sicne it is cheaper, and reduces the frequency of trips to the store. This translates to approximately 5 or 6 batches which takes me about 8 weeks to brew. While brewign my last batch with this extract I noticed a funny smell from the container. Bacteria must surely grow in this extract. I am not worried abotu contamination of my beer since the wort gets boiled but what about byproducts of bacterial growth? Will this be similar to the overnight-mashing problems that have been recently discussed? I wonder if this will later the final product, the brewed beer? Is this yet another variable that I need to consider? Any related experiences? thanks, Adam Rich ===================================================================== Adam Rich Dept. of Physiology and Biophysics richa at mayo.edu Guggenheim 9, Mayo Foundation 119 1/2 11'th ave NW 507-284-0879 (lab)/ 507-252-8115 (home) Rochester, MN 55901 ===================================================================== Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 29 Nov 95 8:48:33 CST From: Larry N. Lowe <lnl at apwk01g3.abrfc.noaa.gov> Subject: another caramel ? greetings to all in cyber-brew-space upon reading posts about carmalization, i have a related question. i have yet to purchase an adequate size SS pan. my is only 12qt...gasp. in other words, when i boil my extract, i am doing so in only gallon-n-half (or less) of water. what effects does this have on my beer? i have noticed my beer is darker than a fellow homebrewer (comparitive styles of course). is this due to the amount of water for the boil? are their any taste issues? TIA - -- from: Larry N. Lowe NOAA, National Weather Service Arkansas-Red Basin River Forecast Center 10159 East 11th St, Suite 300 Tulsa, Oklahoma 74128-3050 lnl at apwk01g3.abrfc.noaa.gov Off: (918)832-4109 FAX: (918)832-4101 Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 29 Nov 95 10:08:34 -0500 From: Jeff Renner <nerenner at umich.edu> Subject: Re: Bread yeast and beer "Kevin A. Kutskill" <75233.500 at compuserve.com>says in HBD 1895: > I have a friend > (honestly, it is a friend and not me) who thought he had > a dead packet of dried yeast and used regular bread > yeast to ferment his first batch of homebrew. Is my > friend's beer ruined? Never heard of this > before--wondering if anyone has any information about > the taste characteristics of bread yeast (red star > brand). Looking forward to tasting a slice of it when it > is done :-). Is this friend of yours a student at the U of M, and is his beer a brown ale? My son just gave me a bottle to critique that a fraternity brother brewed with *exactly* the same history! Since you live nearby, it seems too close to be a coincidence. I was asked to wait a few weeks to try it, so it sits next to me now on my desk. Anyway, beer and bread yeasts are the same species with similar origins historically, but they have been selected for different characteristics. Bread yeast is a very poor flocculator and so is reputed to have a yeasty taste, but if it is settled out, I'll bet it has normal ale characteristics. Of more concern to me would be the likelihood of contamination. Until the last few years, dried beer yeast was notoriously impure. Contaminants are not a very serious problem with bread dough, which is "pitched" much more heavily than wort and which ferments for a few hours and is then baked. For that reason, I suspect that the manufacturers are not so concerned with absolute purity as they are with beer yeasts. The cultures are pure, it's the drying and packaging that introduce contaminants. A few years ago (before liquid yeasts were easily available), someone reported success in Zymurgy using the middle of a one pound block of fresh (not dried) bread yeast. They reasoned that the center was nearly pure and it was an easy way of getting one hell of a pitching rate, which would overcome contaminants. They reported a clean tasting ale, as I recall. I'd say to your friend to relax, try to bottle with as little yeast as possible (use gelatin at racking), don't shake the bottles, and drink it up soon if it shows signs of incipient infection. Millions of gallons of homebrew have been successfully, if not wonderfully, brewed with bread yeast. - --- Jeff Renner in Ann Arbor, Michigan c/o nerenner at umich.edu Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 29 Nov 95 10:26:00 EST From: "Dulisse, Brian" <bbd4 at CIPCOD1.EM.CDC.GOV> Subject: fritz vs. jim redux in response to my recent post noting the similarities of the legal actions of fritz maytag and jim koch, russell mast argues that "just because it's legal don't make it right." i would agree with the sentiment (as well as the obverse, just because it's illegal don't make it wrong :-) ). but i think this misses the point. koch is generally ripped in this digest for his litigiousness. what i am asking is why exactly is it that when koch tries to prevent the marketing of products that could free ride off of his advertising budget it's bad, but when maytag prevents all other brewers from using the recognized term for a style of beer it's ok? in both cases, the brewer fears that the existence of products with names similar to his own product might harm the image of his own product; this fear is justified (in a previous job i spent alot of time going through consumer responses to ads and product names, and you'd be surprised how confused they get over very simple things when dealing with remotely similar product names). my point was that it's kind of incongruous to see koch ripped all the time, and also to see maytag praised (often by the same people), when they are engaging in essentially the same activity. whether or not koch has a reputation for caring more about profits than beer (or even whether or not he actually does) is completely irrelevant; if it were not, then we wouldn't even have a pretense of equality before the law, but would instead revert to a middle age society where one's legal status depended on his beliefs. saying that maytag makes beer for the sake of beer and koch makes beer for the sake of profits is thus far a normative (i.e., a value judgement) rather than a positve (something which can be tested) claim (we'd need to check out the returns on investment for each company, at a minimum). i prefer anchor's beers to sam adams' beers; most of the people reading this digest probably do as well. but a huge number of people have preferences that differ from ours. ok, so we're maytag's target audience, and the great unwashed is koch's. koch is still making beer that they want. who are we to say that because a company is making a product that we don't like as much as another product, the company does not care about their product? under this logic, a devotee of miller genuine draft would be justified in claiming that maytag doesn't care about beer for beer's sake. does ford not care about the cars they produce because they aren't making rolls royces? of course not. terms like "good" or "quality" or whatever are not defined as "what i like." although i don't think he believes it, russell puts the point i was trying to raise well: maybe maytag and koch are more alike than we (the collective) tend to think. my contribution to reducing the bandwidth of this is to omit the spirited defense of the pursuit of profits. although personally, i find this more interesting than award lists from competitions. ;-) bd Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 29 Nov 95 10:50:38 EST From: Pierre Jelenc <pcj1 at columbia.edu> Subject: Compressed air In HOMEBREW Digest #1896 wa5dxp at mail.sstar.com (Jim Overstreet) says: > Subject: Disturbing Pub Trend > > In the New Orleans area, there has been a very disturbing and I think > very negative trend at places serving "craft beers". Over the last several > months, it appears most of the pubs have switched over to an "air delivery" > system of pushing beer, in place of the old CO2 method. That seems to be totally counter to what's happening in New York. Here, until very recently, every draft beer but Guinness was dispensed via compressed air. Today, probably 99% is _still_ being dispensed that way but there are signs of improvement as little by little the better taverns switch over to either CO2 or G mix. Pierre Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 29 Nov 95 08:55:02 -0700 From: gmccarthy at dayna.com (Gary McCarthy) Subject: Re: Wort to Prime Mark: You wrote in HBD 1896: >I want to start priming with either malt extract or wort saved from brew day. <snip> >What amount of extract is sufficient for adequate carbonation? I always use wort saved from brew day to prime. Now others will prob give you a formula for the amount, and I believe that in MJOHB there is an easy formula based on 5 gal and the OG. Me, I just use a quart canning jar (mandatory sertilization, even though I am not a fanatic) full of wort. I store that in the frig (whoops sorry, fridge!! Need to remember "Frig is an activity".) for the two weeks or so that I let my batches ferment out. I get the carbonation I like, fairly lightly carbonated. Makes a good 2-3 in head with a full bottle pour, and retains some head for most of the consumption time. And retaining head is important!! :-) >How much longer does it take to carbonate using extract? <snip> >What are the advantages of krausening with wort saved from brew day(?) I don't think it takes any longer, but then I like light carbonation. Advantages: I have never had a gusher batch with wort priming, but I had several with corn sugar priming. Don't have to buy sugar. That jar in the fridge is a reminder to bottle(from the wife). I guess there are some taste advantages. Gary McCarthy in SLC I like my women a little on the trashy side. gmccarthy at dayna.com Jerry Jeff Walker Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 29 Nov 1995 11:19:00 -0500 (EST) From: Jim Busch <busch at eosdev2.gsfc.nasa.gov> Subject: Filters/Koch/Dilution Im interested in filters for homebrewers. I know a good bit about the cartridge type filters sold for brewing but are there others that folks are using? Does anyone know of a plate style filter sold for homebrewers? RE:Jim Koch. Did anyone notice how much money Jim is personally pocketing from the stock offering? I dont mind business going public and then as sales increase or some value is added to the corporation a kickback is given to the people running it, but this is pure pocketing. Doug writes: <So, now that I know to adjust the ph, I'm trying to find a supplier of <food-grade lactic acid (88% aqueous), How bout using Phosphoric acid. Its commonly used for the same purpose. BT lists this as a supplier: George Hrouda Associates, Box 7061, Moreno Valley Ca, 92552. 909-924-7342. Delano (adjunct boy) says: <2) Columbus can be replaced by Centennial, but Columbus <gives an especially grotesque, tasty oily hoppiness. Thats the first time Ive heard of using grotesque and tasty in the same hop description! What would HopUnion say? Tim says: <One of the latest experiments I've dreamed up is making a concentrated mild <ale and diluting it to 10 gallons in the secondary. Id dilute pre-fermentation. Good brewing, Jim Busch Coming soon to Philadelphia beer lovers: A Victory For Your Taste, Victory Brewing Co, Downingtown, Pa. Featuring: Ur-Maerzen, Lager, IPA and seasonals Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 29 Nov 95 11:27:25 EST From: Thomas Williams <TJWILLIA at VM.OCC.CC.MI.US> Subject: Belgium Select Dear Friends: I know that this is not strictly HB related, but I need the info. anyway ;{) A *friend* will be traveling back to Belgium in the next few weeks and has offered to bring back a few bottles of their best. My question is: if you more experienced Belgian beer drinkers had to select the six *most* available beers that represent the best from that country, what would they be? I don't see myself traveling there in the near future, and my friend is not the most well versed in beer as one would hope. Could you/ would you please e-mail me your most choicest selections? TIA Tom Williams Milford, MI Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 29 Nov 95 10:57:33 -0600 From: rlabor at lsumc.edu (Ronald J. La Borde) Subject: Gas Burners >Gregg Writes: "Gregg A. Howard" <102012.3350 at compuserve.com> >Subject: Gas Burners > > While reading all the traffic on various fuels and burners, it occurred to me >that a salvaged NG burner from a water heater might be the basis of a good high >output cooker. It then occurred to me that since this is such a dandy idea, I'm >probably not the first one to think of it. Does anyone have any experience with >same? > I have no experience with hot water heater burners. No easy way to get an old heater to my house so I can hack it apart. I do see many old heaters waiting for the trash pickup to come by. In my area the normal method of disposal is the front lawn! How is it in the rest of the country? Does come in handy if you have a truck. Also a great source of supply for washers, dryers, fridges (sans doors), etc. Here's something new to mull over. One day something flashed into my mind. (Oh it happerns often and I have just learned to live with it). The flash I had was to use the heating apparatus from a gas clothes dryer!!!! All the ones I have seen are auto ignited and seem to throw out a single flame. The temperature is controlled by on/off so it would lend itself to automation (RIMS people take note) Has anyone tried this before? I know there are people who love to tinker and this seems like a tinkerers dream. PLEASE, PLEASE, be carefull and know well what you are getting into as regards to the dangers of playing with gas and fire. Travel at your own risk and caution and knowledge. also here is my CYA (cover your a..) for any and all adverse results from this idea. Happy brewing ******************************************************************* * Ronald J. La Borde | * * Work (504)568-4842 | "If the only tool you have is a hammer, * * Home (504)837-0672 | you tend to see every problem as a nail." * * Metairie, LA | * ******************************************************************* Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 29 Nov 95 9:55:02 PST From: Scott Kaczorowski <kacz at aisf.com> Subject: Sanitizing kegs Dion says in HBD #1896: Dion> Mike> Is boiling water a viable means of sanitizing cornelius kegs? Dion> Dion> I truly don't believe this is adequate. Do you force water out of all Dion> the QD fittings? Even if you do, boiling water is not sufficient. Dion> Boiling *in* water for a prolonged period of time is, but just adding Dion> boiling water is not. I go a little overboard and I sanitize with iodophor and then do two rinses with boiling water. The first rinse is about a quart to preheat the keg, and the second is more like two quarts. I run the hot water out both QDs and the relief valve in the lid. I do this for insurance and because I simply cannot bring myself to not rinse any sanitizing solution including iodophor (I'm out of Bud Light for the latter purpose and just can't bring myself to buy more). I backpack and "they" used to say to boil all drinking water for ten minutes. The new direction is to simply bring water to a boil. I believe that anything we need to be (reasonably) concerned about is killed more or less instantly upon contact with boiling or near-boiling water. I suppose there are organisms that laugh at a brief dip in boiling water, but we're talking about finished beer here. Didn't somebody post recently about the relatively low (160F-ish?) temps used to pasteurize milk? IMO, Mike's treatment with boiling water alone will work fine. Dion> Mike> Could this damage (melt, deform) Dion> Mike> soft rubber o-rings? A search of back issues of the HBD reveals Dion> Mike> at least one comment to this effect. Any other opinions? Just keep the contact time short. I've not had a problem. Dion> Mike> Hey, it sure is cheaper than Idophor.... Dion> Dion> I don't know why people get the idea that Iodophor is expensive. Dion> ... It costs me $22 per gallon, ... I think the issue is that it's expensive compared to bleach. At $2.50 a gallon, you save $19.50 over Dion's price for iodophor (No, I'm not suggesting the amounts used are the same. Similar, though.) Dion> Another reader Emailed me how he uses several corny kegs in series and Dion> transfers sterile water and iodophor in a series so he puts a clean Dion> unsanitary keg at the end of the line, forces the sterile water from Dion> the first keg into the second keg which holds iodophor, which forces Dion> the iodophor into the empty keg. He then takes the first keg off the Dion> line and it is empty and purged with CO2. Not a drop of iodophor Dion> lost. Dion> Dion> If you keep an iodophor solution sealed up in a corny keg, it will Dion> last indefinitely. A while ago, Dion was asking about test strips to try to gauge the effectiveness of old iodophor solution. That is, he didn't believe that the mere presence of color meant the solution was still viable. Dion, did you convince yourself that if it still has color it still has value? If so, what convinced you? The kegs-in-series trick sounds like a good one, but long-term viability concerns me. Scott Kaczorowski Long Beach, CA kacz at aisf.com Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 29 Nov 95 10:32:40 PST From: Brad Brim <bradb at hpnmhjw.sr.hp.com> Subject: Stoppers inside carboys Re: Stopper Stuck in Carboy In digest #1865 Jeff Hewit relates his experience in removing a stopper from the inside of a carboy. > ... I took a piece of flexible electrical wire (from a lamp cord) and was > able to run it through the hole in the stopper. A ran about an additional > foot or so beyond the exit hole of the stopper, and using a hook fashioned > from a coat hanger, retrieved the other end of the wire. Now having both > ends of the wire, I was able to pull the stopper out sideways. Good idea, Jeff! In digest #1896 Chuck Burkins relates his unfortunate experience with having a solid (undrilled) stopper inside a carboy. > I have a solid gum stopper that I use to plug the carboy. After bleaching > the stopper, I rinsed it under hot water, put it in the neck of the carboy > and plop! it went right in... So does anyone know how to remove the $0.79 > stopper without breaking the $20.00 carboy?. For those of you may accidentally end up with an undrilled stopper in your carboy there is also a simple extraction solution: Obtain about 18 inches of strong string, I use a light weight nylon string. Hold onto the two ends and dangle the loop of string into the top of the carboy. Tip the carboy upside down, or very nearly so. The stopper will now be at or near the neck of the carboy. Position the loop of string across the middle of one of the flat sides of the stopper. This may take a few tries but you will succeed with patience. Now pull on the string slowly and steadily to tighten the loop across the bottom of the stopper and move it snugly into the neck of the carboy. Now pull hard on the string and the stopper will come out of the carboy. Hints: - It is much easier to pull the stopper out skinny side first. - A (very) little water makes a great lubricant for this process and doesn't affect the maneuverability of the string. - Make sure the loop of string is across the middle of the stopper, otherwise it can slip off the stopper when you pull hard on it. I learned this trick in cleaning out wine bottles obtained from a restaurant for bottling homemade wine. About 5% of the bottles had parts of the cork pushed into the bottles. With a little practice you can do this in less than half a minute. Brad Brim (95/11/29) bradb at sr.hp.com Santa Rosa, CA Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 29 Nov 1995 12:46:46 -0600 From: Russell Mast <rmast at fnbc.com> Subject: Whiney Taste? > From: Mark Redman <redman at vivid.net> > I have been an all-grain brewer for a couple of years, and still bottle with > a corn sugar prime. I recently entered a brewing contest, and although I won > a couple of third place awards, I was counted off for a "whiney" taste > attributed to corn sugar. The judges were simply misattributing the off-flavor. There may well be a winey taste to your beers, but the amount of corn sugar used in priming is pretty miniscule, and not enough to cause this flavor. Beer judges are valuable sources for critique and improving your technique, but they are not infallible. I had several well-respected judges at a club meeting try to guess to the source of undue bitterness in a recent batch of beer. Three judges had three guesses, none of them right, and I had a different theory, whichthey all thought was poppycock. (Turns out it was, my -real- problem was water chemistry, too much sulfate.) -R ps. Did I mention the T-shirts? 100% cotton. Fashion statement of the century. Return to table of contents
Date: Wed, 29 Nov 1995 19:41:26 +0100 (MET) From: Carl Etnier <Carl.Etnier at abc.se> Subject: ultracontaminated beer/homebrewers in Oslo? I posted a few months ago about an experiment I was making with contaminating beer. Years ago I degraded my bottle cleansing procedures from a chlorine bleach solution and cold water rinse to rinsing the used bottles a couple times immediately with hot water and then once with very hot water right before bottling. Not an infected bottle yet. Wondering how far I could go, I spit in the last, half-full bottle that I bottled in several batches, and marked it "infected". I have opened two of them now, one a pale ale and the other a dark bock. I can discern almost no difference between these "infected" bottles and the other bottles from the same batch. (No smart remarks now about how my beer in general must taste, please.) The saliva bock does have less carbonation than the normal bock and is a little sweeter. Could the lack of carbonation have to do with the fact that the saliva-innoculated bottle was only 1/3 full? I've never noticed this effect before on last-of-the-batch, incompletely filled bottles. I can't think of any theoretical grounds for the difference, either. While I still wouldn't recommend this as a bottling procedure--you might get dry in the mouth spitting 50-70 times per bottling session :-)--it's a couple data points for the old debate about whether to suck on the siphon or not. - ----------------- I'll be living in Oslo, Norway from January on. I'd like to meet the homebrewers there and swap beer, mead, pyment, etc. Can any Oslo brewers out there get in touch with me, please? Or anybody who knows about the homebrew scene there? Thanks. Carl Etnier A transplanted Yank in Trosa, Sweden Number of days since last snowfall: 3 Return to table of contents
End of HOMEBREW Digest #1897, 11/30/95