HOMEBREW Digest #852 Mon 30 March 1992

Digest #851 Digest #853

		Rob Gardner, Digest Coordinator

  Blended beers (Conn Copas)
  I couldn't resist...sorry (GARY MASON - I/V/V PCU - 603-884[DTN264]1503  27-Mar-1992 0800)
  largering (SOCHA THOMAS M)
  "dry" beer (David Van Iderstine)
  EASYMASH (Jack Schmidling)
  Seltzer (Aaron Birenboim)
  Re: Bottles (John DeCarlo)
  Scales, Thermomters ("John Myers, FM3-35, 351-5514")
  haze (mcnally)
  leaky tap (Ken Johnson)
  Dry Beer (Norm Pyle)
  Chiller-less cooling (Dennis Henderson)
  polish beer (Laura Conrad)
  Bottle terminology. (Chris McDermott)
  brewpot (vickie)
  Off to Deuchtland. (Chris McDermott)
  Hops in Wisconsin (David William Bell)
  Re: homemade seltzer recipe (Paul Bigelow)
  Thermometer (916)315-5514" <JMYERS at T1ACC1.intel.com>
  Re: Some Heresies(?!) (hersh)
  Overnight cooling (korz)
  Phil's Mash System; Filtering your water (Fred Condo)
  Re: comments to Jack (The Rider)
  airstat (DAMON_NOEL/HP0800_01)
  hop vines: vertical or horizontal? (Alan Edwards)
  Ale vs. Lager (korz)
  Racking for clarification (Conn Copas)
  EASYMASH (Jack Schmidling)
  Bottle test (volkerding patrick)
  Crystal malt and hop skimming. (UNDERWOOD)
  BJCP upcoming exams (homer)

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---------------------------------------------------------------------- Date: Thu, 26 Mar 92 16:48:01 GMT From: Conn Copas <C.V.Copas at loughborough.ac.uk> Subject: Blended beers One of my favourite blended brews is Greene King's Suffolk Strong Ale. It has a gravity of around 60, a clear ebony colour, and a very distinctive port characteristic. Dave Line gives a recipe which basically involves blending 2 gallons of a mature barley wine with 3 gallons of new pale ale. I can't say that I've tried it, but I am dubious of obtaining the port note by his method, as most barley wine does not possess this characteristic. The bottle label states that wood aging is employed, and I am wondering whether GK use discarded port casks. Either that or the yeast could be special. Ideas anyone ? - -- Loughborough University of Technology tel : (0509)263171 ext 4164 Computer-Human Interaction Research Centre fax : (0509)610815 Leicestershire LE11 3TU e-mail - (Janet):C.V.Copas at uk.ac.lut G Britain (Internet):C.V.Copas%lut.ac.uk at nsfnet-relay.ac.uk Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 27 Mar 92 07:59:02 EST From: GARY MASON - I/V/V PCU - 603-884[DTN264]1503 27-Mar-1992 0800 <mason at habs11.ENET.dec.com> Subject: I couldn't resist...sorry > I just thought I'd put in my two cents. Regarding Spencer W. Thomas' > article (Cat's meow 2 redux) in HBD #850, I've found an easier way to > print documents (eg. The Cat's Meow) double-sided. I have found an even easier way. 1. Send to printer, ask for duplex printing 8') Of course this only works for some printers which shall remain nameless. Cheers...Gary Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 27 Mar 92 08:27:59 -0500 From: tmsocha at vela.acs.oakland.edu (SOCHA THOMAS M) Subject: largering Has anyone tried to ferment their larger at 60 degress in the fermenter and then bottle or keg for a month or long at 40-50 degrees? Tom I am a ale man because I am too impatience to wait. Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 27 Mar 92 09:17:57 EST From: orgasm!davevi at uunet.UU.NET (David Van Iderstine) Subject: "dry" beer >Date: Thu, 26 Mar 1992 9:45:33 -0500 (EST) >From: R_GELINAS at UNHH.UNH.EDU (Russ Gelinas) >Subject: breaks,mash,blend >Overnight mash: Isn't this the way the big brewers make "dry" beer, a >veeerrrrryyyy looooonnnnnnggggg mash? AS I've been told, dry beer is a result of genetically engineered yeast, designed to have absolutely no aftertaste or "finish". Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 27 Mar 92 07:27 CST From: arf at ddsw1.mcs.com (Jack Schmidling) Subject: EASYMASH To: Homebrew Digest Fm: Jack Schmidling I am being inundted with requests for EASYMASH and am reposting it in the interest of saving bandwidth. EASY MASH 4 (Another Sequel) This was originally posted leaving out a lot of details, some of which were filled in by the Sequel. This edition further simplifies the process and leaves out unnecessary steps. ........................ As I intend to produce a new video on all grain brewing, I would appreciate any and all CONSTRUCTIVE comments. My intent was to develop an all grain process that reduces the cost and effort to the minimum while producing a high quality beer. As I have the same aversion to plastic as I do to aluminum and to keep within the budget of most hobbiests, I decided to base the system around the old enameled 8 gal kettle that grandma used for canning. The same kettle is used for mashing, sparging and again after dumping the spent grains, for the boil. It is never lifted full so the problem of handles falling off is not an issue. A few simple mods are required to make it fit the process. A small brass spiggot is fitted to the bottom with a short piece of pipe extending several inches toward the center on the inside. A small piece of window screen is rolled several times around the pipe and secured with a hose clamp or twisted copper wire. The screen roll extends several inches past the end of the pipe and the last inch is bent over itself to prevent anything from entering the spiggot that has not passed through several layers of screen. This simple expedient eliminates the need for the traditionl "false bottom" with a zillion holes and seems to prove that simple is frequently better. Mashing is begun by "doughing in" 3 gals of hot tap water to 8 lbs of milled (2 row/6 row) malt. When thoroughly mixed, apply heat to the kettle and bring the temperature up to 155F. Stir regularly to prevent scorching and to distribute the heat. When the "strike" temp is reached, reduce the heat and stir occassionally and maintian 155F for 60 min. After 60 mins at 155, crank up the heat and continue stirring until 175 degrees is reached. Hold this temp for 15 mins, then turn off the heat and let it rest while heating water on another burner. If you have control over the hot water heater, you can get it almost hot enough out of the tap. The level of wort in the kettle should be about an inch above the grain when it settles. Lay a small bowl on top of the grain to distribute the sparging water and minimize the disturbance of the grain. The edge of the bowl must be kept below the water level. Open the spiggot just a trickle and run the wort into a cup or jug till it runs clear. This typically takes less than one cup. Pour the turbid runoff back into the kettle (bowl). The object of sparging is to extract as much sugar from the grain as possible. The longer it takes, the more efficient the extraction. Adjust the outflow so that it takes about 20 min to obtain one gallon. Add the boiling water as necessary whenever the level drops near the rim of the bowl. The first runoff should be about 1.080 and you quit when it gets below 1.010. The total blend will produce 6 to 7 gallons at about 1.030 which, after boiling will yield 5 to 6 gals at 1.040. The seven gallons of wort will just fit into the kettle for the boil but it is best to start with about five and add the rest as evaporation makes more room avaiable. A minimal one hour boil will evaporate about a gallon so you can play with the volumes in various ways. You can increase the gravity by more boiling or boil less and have more beer. Add half of your hops as soon as boiling begins. Save one forth for the end and the remainder at regular intervals during the boil. After the boil, it is tapped into the primary after cooling, either overnight or with a wort chiller if you have one. I actually draw it off a gallon at a time so that I can shake it vigorously and "glug " it into the primary to oxygenate it prior to pitching yeast. The rest of the process is just like extract beer. The only difference is that it will take longer for the beer to clear. The kettle seems to be universally available for about $35 and the rest of the stuff can be had for less than $5, making it a pretty inexpensive system. For those afraid to try all grain, I can simply say that (for me), the quality of my beer has made a quantum leap forward and it was like falling off a log. I do not doubt that some people can make good beer with extracts but I can now honestly say, I don't think I ever did. All grain brewing takes a bit more time and effort but the satisfaction is immence and dollar-a-gallon beer is also no small part of the compensation. js Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 27 Mar 92 08:56:47 MST From: abirenbo at rigel.hac.com (Aaron Birenboim) Subject: Seltzer Dan Strahs asked about homebrew seltzer. I have done this. It works fine. Use about 2-3 tbsp sugar/2 l. Perhaps more. I added some lime juice for flavor. a pinch of champagne yeast. I also used 2 liter plastic bottles. When the bottle gets hard, refrigerate. If the bottle goes flat, leave it out until its hard again. aaron Return to table of contents
Date: Friday, 27 Mar 1992 11:35:57 EST From: m14051 at mwvm.mitre.org (John DeCarlo) Subject: Re: Bottles >From: RWINTERS at nhqvax.hq.nasa.gov (Rob Winters) >Of course, when you bottle beer in champagne bottles, you are >committing yourself to drinking two beers at a sitting, ... but >SACRIFICES MUST BE MADE!!! ;-) BTW, let me put in a good plug for sham champagne bottles, such as those that carry non-alcoholic ciders and the like. Martinelli-brand are not only cappable and strong, but carry a little white plastic cap inside for resealing the bottle. Save those as they fit any cappable bottle top I have tried so far, for those times you can't make the requisite sacrifice. Internet: jdecarlo at mitre.org (or John.DeCarlo at f131.n109.z1.fidonet.org) Fidonet: 1:109/131 Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 27 Mar 92 09:06:10 PST From: "John Myers, FM3-35, 351-5514" <JMYERS at T1ACC1.intel.com> Subject: Scales, Thermomters A few requests, I'm in the process of obtaining the last bits and pieces for my full grain gravity fed brewing system. Can someone direct me to reasonably priced 1) Scales, 10 to 20 lbs. 2) Tough one here: A compression fitting thermomter. Ideally I would like to weld a stainless steel sleve to my primary 15 gallon boiler so I have the ability to remove/replace the thermomter as needed. Since this boilers top is a approximately 7' I would rather not go-up-top for readings. Thanks, John Myers Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 27 Mar 92 09:16:47 -0800 From: mcnally at wsl.dec.com Subject: haze In HBD 851, Jack Schmidling writes: They can argue all they want but gelatin works like magic. I have never made a batch without secondary fermentation and I never had a clearing problem till I turned to all grain. Perhaps there IS a problem with your sparge technique, Jack. I always brew all-grain, and I've never had a haze problem (except for the one time I used Irish Moss, ironically). You might, just in the interest of science, try lowering your sparge water temperature on a batch and see if that helps the clarity. Much of the haze could be unconverted starches that will settle only reluctantly. I could be wrong, of course, but I do know about my own beers. I've never used sparge water hotter than 170 degrees. _-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_- Mike McNally mcnally at wsl.dec.com Digital Equipment Corporation Western Software Lab Return to table of contents
Date: Thu, 26 Mar 92 20:59:38 PST From: kjohnson at argon.berkeley.edu (Ken Johnson) Subject: leaky tap I just hooked up the old tap to the keg and beer line to the faucet. After pressurizing the keg, I noticed that my faucet leaks. Does anyone know how to fix a leaky faucet (standard industrial beer dispenser (brass))? kj Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 27 Mar 92 10:18:48 MST From: pyle at intellistor.com (Norm Pyle) Subject: Dry Beer R_GELINAS at UNHH.UNH.EDU (Russ Gelinas) writes: > Overnight mash: Isn't this the way the big brewers make "dry" beer, a veeerrrrryyyy looooonnnnnnggggg mash? I just recently read an article about dry beers in "All About Beer" magazine. The article stated that dry beer was invented in the early part of this century in the U.S. The process involved removing the barley husks before the mash, a very expensive process. The Japanese picked up this process a few short years ago and made it profitable (it's like deja vu all over again). Anyway, the concept caught on again in the U.S., but I'm quite sure that the big U.S. brewers don't remove the husks from all the barley before brewing (the Japanese probably don't remove it all either). Anyone have any more details about the "dry beer" phenomenon? Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 27 Mar 92 09:43:39 PST From: Dennis.Henderson at Eng.Sun.COM (Dennis Henderson) Subject: Chiller-less cooling All this talk about fancy wort chillers has got me wondering (but still relaxing) if my chilling method is too casual. After the boil (malt extract and seperate hops) I have ~2.5 gallons of wort. I put the stainless steel kettle in the sink in the garage. I fill the sink up to the wort level and add six ice trays of ice cubes. I stir the ice water every five minutes. After 15 minutes I dump the water and repeat. After less than 30 minutes the wort is down to 100 degress F. I combine with 2.5 gallon of off-the-shelf "purified water" that has been in the deep freeze for the brew session (~2 hours). The mixture is then very close to 70 degrees F so I pitch. I don't use the blowoff method and rack to a secondary after 2 to 5 days BTW. My concerns: 1. The garage sink is not very clean. I do keep the lid on the kettle at all times except when measuring the temperature. 2. Perhaps I should add the hot wort and cold water to the plastic primary fermenter and pitch the next day when the mixture is down to the correct temperature. Wouldn't this give more time for infection to get into the beer before fermenting takes over. 3. An immersion chiller would take another large pot for sterilizing. Or do folks pour the wort into the primary and boil the chiller in the wort cook pot. How silly am I being with my methods? I'm on my ~seventh batch and am almost able to make a resonable tasing beer everytime. I'm concentrating on getting a good process and experimenting with various recipes sold at the local brew store before moving to more complicated methods. ...Dennis Henderson Unsub: > with 2.5 gallon of off-the-shelf "purified water" that has been in the > very close to 70 degrees F so I pitch. I don't use the blowoff method and > get into the beer before fermenting takes over. > 3. An immersion chiller would take another large pot for sterilizing. Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 27 Mar 92 13:06:40 EST From: lconrad at wilko.Prime.COM (Laura Conrad) Subject: polish beer >>Date: Thu, 26 Mar 92 22:04:48 -0500 >>From: tmsocha at vela.acs.oakland.edu (SOCHA THOMAS M) >>Subject: polish beer >>Does anyone have any Polish beer recipes? >>Thank You, >>Tom I was in Poland last summer, and drank a fairly large amount of beer. I believe almost all the beer sold in Poland is of the style Dave Miller calls "Northern European Pilsner". They frequently will have a local beer for cheap, and charge a premium for an imported German beer. (Beck's is common.) The one place I did A-B comparisons, the German beer was draft, and had noticeable hop aroma; the local beer was in a bottle and had about the same hop bitterness, and I would guess Original Gravity, but no hop bitterness. None of the relatives I visited was a brewer, but they did discuss (but not demonstrate) some post-brew "recipes" involving adding honey and hot water. One of the older relatives that I didn't have a chance to talk with used to make various distilled liquors (we called them "Uncle Kazik's hooch") using various fruit and honey as fermentable material. I'm not aware that he ever made beer. My Grandmother had made fruit wine's in her adolescence on a Polish Farm, without using fermentation locks or commercial yeast, or any of the "modern" technology we take for granted. There is also a kitchen tradition of making things with fermented rye bread. My Cousin Barbara (the best cook I visited) made a dish which combined the fermented rye bread with some kind of organ meat (I don't remember the details) in a casserole. Of course it was baked, so it didn't end up being alcoholic. There has been a recent thread here of kvas recipes, which you might want to look at. Laura (617) 275-1800 x4512--------------MS 4-1, 201 Burlington Rd., Bedford, MA 01730 There is a law that no organization can ignore, or not for long. That is that the real rulers of any organization are those that do the work, no matter what they are called. Return to table of contents
Date: 27 Mar 1992 13:47:36 -0500 From: Chris McDermott <mcdermott at draper.com> Subject: Bottle terminology. Bottle terminology. Is there some confusion out there about returnable vs. reuseable bottles? It was my understanding that the returnable bottles, from my neck of the woods, were the same as the non-returnable bottles, from the land of no-bottle-deposits. And that both these bottles were different (read not as heavy or strong) as reuseable bottles (often refered to as bar bottles.) Is this general confusion, regional confusion, or just plain-old-confusion on my part? Chris McDermott, <mcdermott at draper.com> Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 27 Mar 92 13:49:45 EST From: vickie <QXN132 at URIACC.URI.EDU> Subject: brewpot Relatively recently in the past, someone posted instructions on how to build a wonderful gadget for brewing. I only got installment #2, and promptly lost it. Could the person who posted the instructions/designed this wonder ple ase send me the information? The gadget was set up tp run on natural gas when heating and was up on legs with a spigot to make removing the contents easier. It also required lots of welding... I am asking for this for afriend who would like to build such an item. She would also like suggestions on how to convert her basement to the perf ect brewing environment. Sugestionws would be appriciated (such as:should she use a wine rack to store the bottles or not waste her time and moeny? Is a base ment a bad place to brew anyway? etc. thanks vickie (qxn132 at uriacc.uri.edu) Return to table of contents
Date: 27 Mar 1992 13:57:04 -0500 From: Chris McDermott <mcdermott at draper.com> Subject: Off to Deuchtland. Off to Deuchtland. I am going to Munich for a week soon, and I was wondering if anyone could gives some suggestions as to some beir related places to check out. Of course I mean besides the obvious places like the Haufbrauhouse. Thanks in advance. Chris McDermott, [homebrew, not just for breakfast anymore] <mcdermott at draper.com> Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 27 Mar 92 13:02:24 CST From: David William Bell <bell at convex.csd.uwm.edu> Subject: Hops in Wisconsin Dave Ballard writes of a Wisconsin hop producer, I live in Wisconsin and was planning to get rizhomes from CA. Can you post that Wisconsin companies address or Phone number? It would be nice to avoid the problems some people have reported about unsuccesful plantings due to roots not surviving the long trip overland. | David Bell - bell at convex.csd.uwm.edu | Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 27 Mar 92 14:31:39 -0500 From: Paul Bigelow <bigelow at waterloo.hp.com> Subject: Re: homemade seltzer recipe > A friend of mine is interested in making his own seltzer... He's > thinking about using champagne yeast and corn sugar with ordinary tap > water... What sort of problems would he run into? Nutrients, maybe? I make carbonated water as a first step in my soda pop recipe, with white sugar and bread yeast. It tastes almost as bad as it sounds. However once I add rootbeer or cola flavouring, it masks any off flavours, so I haven't tried manipulating ingredients to get rid of them. I haven't had any problems with fermentation. Over by one or two weeks. > never been discussed on the homebrewer's digest within the last two years I dunno if it's worth searching the archives for, but I did describe my recipe under the heading "Soda Pop" a few months ago. Paul Bigelow bigelow at waterloo.hp.com Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 27 Mar 92 12:11:27 PST From: "John Myers, Intel FM3-35, (916)315-5514" <JMYERS at T1ACC1.intel.com> Subject: Thermometer I found the exact style I was looking for. The thermometer is in W.W.Grainger, Inc. catalog. Discribed as a 3" Dial Diameter Back Connection. 0/250(F) 500 degrees maximum with 6" stem length. It is made by "ASHCROFT" model #30EI60R060. The rear connection is 1/2" NPT. The price is $28.65. I'm looking for something a little cheaper if possible. This particular one does have an impressive datasheet. John Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 27 Mar 92 15:25:07 -0500 From: hersh at expo.lcs.mit.edu Subject: Re: Some Heresies(?!) I have never before heard anyone complain of copper oxidizing wort. Most of the judges I know use copper immersion chillers, none has ever complained of oxidized beer. Another reference point is the fact that brewers, both big and small, have and continue to use copper boiling vessels, which if copper conmtacting hot wort were the problem, would be news... My take on this is the person who told you this simply does not know what they're talking about. -JaH Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 27 Mar 92 15:16 CST From: korz at ihlpl.att.com Subject: Overnight cooling Tom writes: >First of all, he feels strongly that trub is bad (not an uncommon view) and >brewers should be careful to let as much as possible settle out before >racking into a fermenter. However, he feels that copper wort chillers are >a very bad idea, saying that copper will oxidate the hot wort as much as >splashing it around. His recommendation is to gently siphon the hot wort >into a plastic bucket and let cool and settle overnight, then rack off the >settled trub into the fermenter and pitch. I'm not a chemist (in fact, barely passed Chem in college), but I can't see how a copper tube can add anything but copper to your wort. You should cool your wort as fast as possible for two reasons: 1) the sooner you get to pitching temperature, the sooner you can pitch the less time wild yeasts and bacteria have to take hold in your wort, and 2) while the wort is dropping from 212F to 140F, DMS is being produced (DMS will give your beer a "cooked corn" taste). >Does anyone else share the view that copper will oxidize hot wort? He says >a stainless steel chiller would do the job nicely. Also, it seems to me >that siphoning the hot wort is also likely to oxidize it. Any comments? SS is good also, but I don't think there's any problem with using copper and a *lot* cheaper than SS. >His other claim is that racking to and fermenting in a secondary is >useless, and in fact harmful. The racking will release lots of good CO2 in >suspension in the beer, Big deal -- releasing CO2 is not an issue. >causing more oxidation and upsetting the yeast(?). Another no-op. The yeast doesn't care. Transfer of beer will, indeed, introduce some oxygen -- I agree. >The only time one should rack to a secondary is for a long ( > 1 month) >cool lagering. Otherwise, a single-stage fermentation is sufficient. Yes. I agree here also. I have been using single-stage for virtually all my ales for the last few years. I am considering going to two-stage to see if it makes a difference. My plan is to compare: 1. single-stage + no blowoff 2. single-stage + blowoff 3. two-stage + no blowoff 4. two-stage + blowoff The reason I plan to use the two-stage is to get the beer off the trub. Even though I use a chiller and lately have been waiting for an hour after bringing the wort down to 70F to transfer to the primary, I still get a lot of trub after a day or two. If you are lagering, or if the ferment is being done at a very low temp (i.e. you will have a long ferment) you should rack the beer off the trub and dead yeast before autolysis sets in. >Does anyone share this view, or care to dismiss it? Recent discussion about >dry-hopping indicate that lots of people regularly use a secondary. Not necessarily. I simply dump my dryhops into the primary after the kraeusen falls - after a day or two, I swirl the carboy to wet all the hops. Al. Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 27 Mar 1992 13:23 PST From: Fred Condo <CONDOF at CGSVAX.CLAREMONT.EDU> Subject: Phil's Mash System; Filtering your water Recently, someone posted asking if anyone had had any experience with the "Phil's Mashing System" lately advertised in _Zymurgy_ by the Listermann Mfg. Co. I recently bought one of these for about $35 from The Home Brewery in San Bernardino, Calif. The bulk of the system consists of a pair of food-grade plastic buckets, each with a quarter-inch hole drilled into the side at the bottom. Other components include a pair of PVC hoses with hose clamps; a drilled, formed plastic plate for a false bottom; and a very clever brass sparging apparatus mounted on a rigid PVC frame. To set the system up, you put your brew kettle on the floor, the lauter bucket on a chair or other low support, and the other bucket (for sparge water) up on a counter or other high support. You set the sparge apparatus atop the lauter bucket, and connect the hose from the water bucket to it. When you open the hose clamp, the sparge arm spins, sprinkling the sparge water gently over the grain. The other hose clamp controls the outflow of sweet extract into your kettle. The only problem I had was using the two hose clamps to control the inflow and outflow. The effective range of the clamps is only wide-open to two stops. Closing the clamps any more effectively halts the flow. Also, I need to set the water supply atop a case of bottles to have sufficient water pressure to drive the sparge arm after half the water is used. This was my first attempt at all-grain brewing. All the books say you need at least 8 to 10 gallons of boiling capacity, but I am limited to my 6-gallon kettle. So, I just compensated by using extra grain. From 10 pounds of Klages malt, I got about 5 1/2 gallons of 1050 wort. To those extract brewers who are scared of all-grain brewing (as I was), I say: FEAR NOT! It is *MUCH* easier than I thought it would be, and it adds only a couple of hours to the brewing process. I have two batches of all-grain pale ale in the other room happily fermenting away. I can harldy wait to taste and compare with my extract brews! Someone was asking about the iodine test. The iodine-starch reaction is very fast, almost instantaneous. If you don't get a blue-black result within 1 second, that's a negative test. If you let the test sit around for a few minutes, you will get some small black particles. With Klages malt, I got conversion after a half hour. It was an almost magical feeling to see and taste the mash turn from bland and starchy to golden and sweet. =====---===---=== Brian Davis asked about filtering water. I always filter my water with one of those small Water Pik filters to get rid of the chlorine. I've never brewed with unfiltered water, so I can't make a comparison, but it definitely improves coffee. Fred Condo, Ph.D. | condof at clargrad.bitnet | condof at cgsvax.claremont.edu Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 27 Mar 1992 13:45:27 -0800 From: mfetzer at ucsd.edu (The Rider) Subject: Re: comments to Jack > >The section on malting was not necessary..... > > That is a strange comment, considering that the poster was looking for > information on doing his own malting. I'm speaking of the video in general, as an intro to homebrewing for newbies. Generally, people don't want to start by malting. And since there's no discussion of mashing, there's no point in showing people how to malt. This would be a good thing to put into your mashing video, if you haven't already. For beginners, tho, a discussion of the process would suffice to give them general background info and spark some interest. See what I mean? > > and that guy at Baderbraeu (who can't pronounce the name > of his own brewery) had better be paying you big bucks for the > advertisement. *grin* > > I had to settle for a case of beer. Hm... a keg should have been more appropriate ;*) > BTW, I am not sure what he is mis-pronouncing but it is named after his sugar > daddy, a Mr Bader. Well... I was mostly referring the the 'braeu'. It's pronounced 'broy' just like the name 'Roy'. - -- Michael Fetzer Internet: mfetzer at ucsd.edu uucp: ...!ucsd!mfetzer Bitnet: FETZERM at SDSC HEPnet/SPAN: SDSC::FETZERM or 27.1::FETZERM Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 27 Mar 92 14:50:25 -0700 From: DAMON_NOEL/HP0800_01%hpcsee.col.hp.com at col.hp.com Subject: airstat I've looked all around local hardware and home equipment supply stores and have been unable to find a source for a Hunter Airstat. Can someone please supply me with the name of a mailorder source, or for any local Colorado Springs neighbors, a store? My reefer refuses to give me temperatures appropriate to fermentation...BUT I'M NOT WORRIED! (it's my yeasty beasties who are) Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 27 Mar 92 14:14:50 PST From: rush at xanadu.llnl.gov (Alan Edwards) Subject: hop vines: vertical or horizontal? Hello fellow Brewpeoples. David Van Iderstine mentioned in HBD #851 that hops should be trained sideways, and not up. This has raised a good question. It seems to be conventional wisdom that they should be trained straight up--about 20 feet up in fact. Maybe the big-time hop farmers only do this to save space and grow more hops per acre. Maybe they would indeed grow better if they were trained horizontally. Maybe it doesn't matter, as long as they get plenty of sun. Enter the HOMEBREW digest, a wealth of experience. First, has anyone tried growing hops BOTH ways, and found one way produces a higher yield? (Hmm, I thought not.) OK, does anyone know of a friend (in the same general geographic location) who grows it differently than you do? How does your yield compare with your friends'? I've just planted my hops, and am NOT looking forward to (read: dreading) buying a BIG ladder; buying 20' poles; standing them in the ground; stringing cable and twine; and trying to harvest hops that are growing straight up 16 feet or so. The idea of sending them up 6 feet or so and then over to the eves on my roof sounds MUCH easier. And, it would provide a wonderful shade for my back yard. It would probably look pretty cool too. Does anyone grow them in this way? How big is your yield (or is that a personal question)? I would appreciate any informed comments or stories from experience (please, no speculation--we have enough of that in this forum). Thanks a heap, -Alan L. Edwards (A.L.E.--I was born to brew!) .------------------------------------. | Alan Edwards: rush at xanadu.llnl.gov | Member: The Hoppy Cappers | or: alan-edwards at llnl.gov | homebrew club, Modesto, CA `------------------------------------' Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 27 Mar 92 16:55 CST From: korz at ihlpl.att.com Subject: Ale vs. Lager Jack writes: >When all of the opinions are sorted out we are left with nothing more that "a >cleaner taste" and a lack of certain esoteric esterish remnants. Even the >almost universally agreed to "fruitiness" of ale leaves me in the cold. Personally, I'm not sure if I could tell the difference in a blind tasting of Ales versus Lagers. I'm also not sure if many "experts" could. As in the rest of nature, there is no clear dividing line between the flavor of Ales and the flavor of Lagers -- all beers are somewhere on the frutiness continuum. Another "stick-in-the-spokes" of this issue is something like Samuel Adams Boston Lager, which is so highly dryhopped so as to make it difficult to perceive esters, that I don't think even Michael Jackson would be able to tell if it was a Lager or an Ale in a blind tasting. >The only fruit I have ever tasted in my ale was bananas and apples resulting >from contaminated yeast and the use of sugar. As I've noted in a previous post, my Chemistry skills are pretty poor, therefore, for the sake of discussion, I would like to present my understanding and would greatly appreciate concurrence/correction from experts. Here goes: It is my understanding that esters are the product of alcohols and organic acids. The well-known "banana" ester is isoamyl acetate, which I assume is the product of isoamyl alcohol and acetic acid. I also assume that the yeast does more than create the alcohol, rather the reaction between the alcohol and the acid takes place in the yeast cell (George? Help?). In any event (I digress) I don't think Jack should immediately blame contamination for esters -- many yeasts are "chosen" for their ester production (try St. Louis Gueuze for the fruitiest beer I've ever tasted, that did not have fruit added). The bottom line is that all beers have some esters, and IMHO while there may be a theoretical division between Ale and Lager, there is no *real* division (it depends on the sensitivity of the taster, among other things). On the other hand, I don't think it's wrong for a judge to taste a beer entered in the Pilsener category and to say "too estery for style." A judge should have pretty-much tuned his/her senses to conform to the AHA/HWBTA style definitions and should be aware of their taste/smell (hyper)sensitivities. Al. Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 27 Mar 92 13:34:43 GMT From: Conn Copas <C.V.Copas at loughborough.ac.uk> Subject: Racking for clarification I saw some interesting instructions for racking on a beer kit recently. The advice was to rack from the secondary fermenter, wait a day, then rack into the bottle. No explanation was given, and it at first seemed to me that the second racking might not achieve much in the way of clarification. It then got me thinking about the behaviour of some of my wines, and I have noticed that if I rack a quite mature wine, it can often throw an unexpected deposit the next day. Maybe some equilibrium principle operates with yeast/trub, ie, a constant proportion of the absolute amount present tends to remain in suspension. Alternatively, racking is also sometimes recommended as a means of inhibiting any residual ferment, the idea being that one can reduce the amount of viable yeast below some threshold by this method. It would be interesting to know whether any of this applies to brewing. - -- Loughborough University of Technology tel : (0509)263171 ext 4164 Computer-Human Interaction Research Centre fax : (0509)610815 Leicestershire LE11 3TU e-mail - (Janet):C.V.Copas at uk.ac.lut G Britain (Internet):C.V.Copas%lut.ac.uk at nsfnet-relay.ac.uk Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 27 Mar 92 21:31 CST From: arf at ddsw1.mcs.com (Jack Schmidling) Subject: EASYMASH To: Homebrew Digest Fm: Jack Schmidling >From: R_GELINAS at UNHH.UNH.EDU (Russ Gelinas) >Jack, I know when you said to just let the chiller sit in the wort for 30 minutes without turning the water on, you were defining an experiment of sorts. I'd just like to say that in practice, you want to turn the water on immediately to cool the wort as quickly as possible. I understand but the longer it sits, the more time is has to settle out. My thinking is that if it sits after chilling, it is subject to infection and without mucking up the lid, the kettle can not be covered properly while the chiller is inside. One obviously does not want to remove the chiller after thewort is chilled. If it sits for 30 minutes hot it can not get infected and is not much different from an additional 30 min boil for a chemestry stand point but it gets an extra 30 settling time. My poke at in-line chillers was to point out that they are inferior in this respect unless an additional settling step is added after chilling. This is just another step, with all the attendant sanitizing and clean up details that make brewing too much like work. > In fact, the faster you cool, the more fluffy stuff you'll see. That stuff is the cold break. >The hot break happens during the boil, when proteins, etc. clump together. The problem with these terms is that in one instance they indicate a stage in a process and in another/both they indicate physical stuff. >I believe the hot break is happening at the time when boilover is most likely, although I've seen it happen before then. The differentiation, as I understand it, is *when (at what temperature)* the break occurs. The break material itself is more or less the same. In my experience, somewhere well into the boil, stuff starts coagulating into what looks like egg-drop soup. If this point is the "hot break", I accept the definition but let's call the stuff something else. Similarly, the "cold break" should be some temperature at which this stuff collects and drops to the bottom during chilling. Again, in my experience, it is a very specific point AND much of the stuff clumps together and floats to the top. The wort goes from cloudy and turbid to crystal clear in a period of a minute or two when the correct "break point?" temperature is reached. I have big troubles understanding how this works or can be as effectively utilized with an in-line chiller. All this simply defines the phenomenon without suggesting a solution. I offer as a solution to confine the use of the terms hot/cold break to the process stage at which something happens and add your favorite expletive when talking about the stuff. Like.... "hot break stuff".. If STUFF is good enough for Carl Sagan, it's good enough for me. >From: ...the shadow nose... <strahs at murex.bioc.aecom.yu.edu> Subject: homemade seltzer recipe? >A friend of mine is interested in making his own seltzer... He's thinking about using champagne yeast and corn sugar with ordinary tap water... What sort of problems would he run into? The only problem you will run into is that you are left with a yeasty taste that is not very pleasant. A dash of lemon or one of the many additives used by commercial bottlers will sove the problem. Use 1/8 tsp yeast and 2 tbs sugar for one gallon and bottle in one litre plastic bottles. Refrigerate when hard. js Return to table of contents
Date: Sat, 28 Mar 92 00:44:42 -0600 From: volkerdi at MHD1.moorhead.msus.edu (volkerding patrick) Subject: Bottle test I have a friend who loans me a digital scale from time to time so I can weigh my hops out to the nearest .01 g :^) While I was was doing this, I happened to glance over at the ol' bottle collection and decided to throw a few samples on the scale to see if I could maybe figure out which bottles have more glass, and presumably, would be less likely to fail with repeated refillings. Now granted, there are other variables involved here, for instance, the shape of the bottle could account for more difference in strength than the amount of glass, but I thought you people might find the results interesting. Here they are: 337g The Winner! :^) The heaviest bottle I could find: Cerveza Pacifico. 318g Returnable longlecks from most major breweries. (tested: Bud, Leinenkugel's, Huber. All were within 2g of this weight) 292g Celebrator Dopplebock 276g Bass 274g Young's 263g Samuel Adams 262g Pinkus Homebrew (11.2 oz. bottle) 259g Any Pete's or Schell no-refill but _not_ twist-off 256g Watney's Red Barrel and Cream Stout 255g Red Tail Ale twist-off 218g Anchor 215g IBC Root Beer 213g Any Pete's, Schell, James Page, twist-off longneck 211g Heineken Dark 203g Guiness Extra Stout (the lightest 12 oz. bottle in the collection) take care, -- Pat Return to table of contents
Date: Fri, 27 Mar 92 23:44:15 PST From: UNDERWOOD at INTEL7.intel.com Subject: Crystal malt and hop skimming. Hello all, I have noticed several references to different kinds of Crystal Malt. I have only seen plain 'ole crystal. What's the difference in all the 'flavors' ? Secondly, I tried using hop pellets in my last batch for the first time. As the green slimy foam came to the top of my brew kettle, i skimmed it off. Was this bad? I used 2oz for boiling and 1/2 oz for finishing. My beer has a slight hoppy flavor. Would leaving the scum to boil increased this? Thanks a bunch, Cu Return to table of contents
Date: Sun, 29 Mar 92 16:24 MST From: homer at drutx.att.com Subject: BJCP upcoming exams Montreal PQ March 1992 Tom Robson (514) 287-7529 San Francisco April 5, 1992 Byron Burch (707) 538-2528 - Russ Wigglesworth (415) 474-8126 Orlando, FL April 11, 1992 Ed Greenlee (407) 277-3791 Rochester, New York April 25, 1992 Stephen Hodos (716) 272-1108 272-3465 Memphis, TN April 25, 1992 Chuck Skypeck (901) 685-2293 (901) 327-7191 Farmingdale Long Island, NY April 25, 1992 Ben Janlowski (516) 922-1556 Boulder, CO May 6, 1992 Karen Barela, AHA, (303) 447-0816 Frankenmuth, MI May 9, 1992 Bill Pfeiffer (313) 946-6573 (313) 285-7692 Santa Rosa, CA May 20, 1992 Byron Burch (707) 544-2420 Woodland Hill CA (LA) May 30, 1992 Marty Velas (310) 329-8881 (818) 831-3705 Milwaukee, WI June 13, 1992 Karen Barela, AHA, (303) 447-0816 Orono, ME June 20, 1992 Pat Baker (203) 227-8028 Full details on the Beer Judge Certification Program are contained in a booklet that can be requested by writing to: AHA PO Box 1679 Boulder, CO 80306 Attn: BJCP Administrator Jim Homer BJCP Co-Director att!drutx!homer Return to table of contents
End of HOMEBREW Digest #852, 03/30/92